Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-77ffc5d9c7-q8dck Total loading time: 0.268 Render date: 2021-04-22T15:29:24.176Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

High pressure studies on the packing forces and intermolecular interaction in polyphenyls

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2011

G. Heimel
Affiliation:
Institute of Solid State Physics, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 16, A-8010 Graz, Austria
P. Puschnig
Affiliation:
Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 5, A-8010 Graz, Austria
M. Oehzelt
Affiliation:
Institute of Solid State Physics, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 16, A-8010 Graz, Austria
K. Hummer
Affiliation:
Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 5, A-8010 Graz, Austria
B. Koppelhuber-Bitschnau
Affiliation:
Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Graz University of Technology, Technikerstrasse 4, A-8010 Graz, Austria
F. Porsch
Affiliation:
Institute of Mineralogy and Petrology, University of Bonn, Poppelsdorfer Schloss, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
C. Ambrosch-Draxl
Affiliation:
Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 5, A-8010 Graz, Austria
R. Resel
Affiliation:
Institute of Solid State Physics, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 16, A-8010 Graz, Austria
Get access

Abstract

In this work, we report on pressure induced structural changes in crystalline oligo(paraphenylenes) containing two to six phenyl rings. Revisiting the crystal structures at ambient conditions reveals details in the packing principle. A linear relationship between the density at ambient conditions and the number of phenyl rings is found. Energy dispersive X-ray diffraction has been performed in a systematic study on polycrystalline powders of biphenyl, paraterphenyl, p-quaterphenyl, p-quinquephenyl and p-sexiphenyl under hydrostatic pressure up to 60 kbar. Our investigations not only yield pressure dependent lattice parameters and hints towards pressure induced changes in the molecular arrangement, but also allow for an analysis of the equations of state of these substances as a function of oligomer length. We report the previously unknown bulk modulus of p-quaterphenyl, p-quinquephenyl, and p-sexiphenyl (B0 = 83 kbar, 93 kbar, and 100 kbar respectively) and its pressure derivative (B0' = 6.4, 7.5, and 5.6). A linear dependence of the bulk modulus on the inverse number of phenyl rings in the molecules is found.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1. Zuev, V. S., Logunov, O. A., Savinov, Y. V., Startsev, A. V., and Stoilov, Y. Y., Appl. Phys. 17, 321 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2. Nogues, J. L., Majewski, S., Walker, J. K., Bowen, M., Wojcik, R., and Moreshead, W. V., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71, 1159 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3. Tousey, R. and Limansky, I., Appl. Opt. 11, 1025 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4. Era, M., Tsutsui, T., and Saito, S., Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2436 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5. Grem, G., Leditzky, G., Ulrich, B., and Leising, G., Adv. Mater. 4, 36 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6. Scherf, U. and List, E. J. W., Adv. Mater. 14(7), 477 (2002).3.0.CO;2-9>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7. Otto, J. W., Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 384, 552 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8. Miyaura, N., Yanagi, T., Suzuki, A., Synth. Commun. 11, 513 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9. Jayaraman, A., Rev. Mod. Phys. 55(1), 65 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10. Mao, H. K., Xu, J., and Bell, P. M., Geophys, J.. Res. 91(B5), 4673 (1986).Google Scholar
11. Decker, D. L., J. Appl. Phys. 42(8), 3239 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12. Trotter, J., Acta Cryst. 14, 1135 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13. Charbonneau, G. P. and Delugeard, Y., Acta Cryts. B 33, 1586 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14. Rietveld, H.M., Maslen, E. N., and Clews, C. J. B., Acta Cryst. B 26, 693 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15. Delugeard, Y., Desuche, J., and Baudour, J. L., Acta Cryst. B 32, 702 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
16. Baker, K. N., Fratini, A. V., Resch, T., Knachel, H. C., Adams, W. W., Socci, E. P., and Farmer, B. L., Polymer 34, 1571 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17. Murnaghan, F. D., Am. J. Math. 59, 235 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 12 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

High pressure studies on the packing forces and intermolecular interaction in polyphenyls
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

High pressure studies on the packing forces and intermolecular interaction in polyphenyls
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

High pressure studies on the packing forces and intermolecular interaction in polyphenyls
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *