Published online by Cambridge University Press: 17 March 2011
The interaction between boron and silicon interstitials caused by ion implant damage is a physical process which hinders the formation of ultra-shallow, low resistivity junctions. The possibility of mitigating the effective interstitial point defect population via introduction of nonmetallic impurities in ion implanted silicon has been investigated. Amorphization of a n-type Czochralski wafer was achieved using a series of Si+ implants of 40 keV and 150 keV, each at a dose of 1×1015/cm2. The Si+ implants produced a 2800Å deep amorphous layer, which was then implanted with 8 keV 1×1014/cm2 B+. The samples were then implanted with high doses of either carbon, oxygen, sulfur, chlorine, selenium, or bromine. The implant energies of the impurities were chosen such that the damage and ion profiles of the impurity were contained within the amorphous layer. This allowed for the chemical species effect to be studied independent of the implant damage caused by the impurity implant. Post-implantation anneals were performed in a tube furnace at 750° C. Secondary ion mass spectrometry was used to monitor the dopant diffusion after annealing. Hall effect measurements were used to study the dopant activation. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to study the end-of-range defect evolution. The addition of carbon and chlorine appear to reduce the boron diffusion enhancement compared to the boron control. Carbon and chlorine also appear to prevent boron out-diffusion during annealing compared to the control, which exhibited 20% dose loss following annealing.
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