Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 February 2011
Based on various implanted standards, we have used SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry) to characterize amorphous Si thin films with high hydrogen content. SIMS and HFS (Hydrogen Forward Scattering) showed good agreement on the measured total H doses for H-implanted Si samples and the a-Si thin films. For the H-implanted Si samples, in the dose range of 2e15 atoms/cm2 to 2e17 atoms/cm2 (corresponding to peak H concentration from 0.32 at.% to 32 at.%), SIMS results showed that the calibration curve is a straight line. In other words, no correction for SIMS quantification is needed when moving from low to high hydrogen content samples. Analysis of P (Phosphorus) in a-Si thin films requires the use of high mass resolution magnetic sector SIMS to separate P and a mass interference from (30Si+H). Using a magnetic sector SIMS instrument, P-doped a-Si thin layers (˜ 50nm thick) were analyzed using 3keV O2 beam with oxygen leak for better depth resolution and improved detection limits. For the analysis of C, N, O in a-Si thin films (again approximately 50nm thick) the profiling energy typically needs to be lowered down to 3keV and the material needs to be sputtered at a high rate in order to reach real background levels. In this work, a-Si thin films were also analyzed using a 3keV Cs+ primary ion beam with (Cs2M)+ (M= C, N, O) detection for good depth resolution and detection limits.
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