Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-7x8lp Total loading time: 0.263 Render date: 2021-03-05T08:16:50.252Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Application of Advanced Microstructural and Microchemical Microscopy Techniques to Chalcopyrite Solar Cells.

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Changhui Lei
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana IL 61801
Chun-Ming Li
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana IL 61801
Angus Rockett
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana IL 61801
I. M. Robertson
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana IL 61801
W. Shafarman
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana IL 61801
Get access

Abstract

Analytical TEM techniques have been used to characterize the structure and chemistry of chalcopyrite solar cell devices produced by elemental evaporation using a bi-layer process at Ts=400°C and Ts=550°C. Dislocations, stacking faults, twins and voids exist in both materials but at a reduced density at the higher deposition temperature. The higher processing temperature also improved the density and structure of the grain boundaries and created a less rough surface. The CdS layer coats the surface conformally, although the roughness impacts the structure. CdS fills the grooves in the surface and infiltrates lower density grain boundaries to significant depths. The chemistry of the grain boundaries does not appear to be significantly impacted by the presence of the Cd and S.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2005

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1 Ramanathan, K., Contreras, M.A., Perkins, C.L., Asher, S., Hasoon, F.S., Keane, J., Young, D., Romero, M., Metzger, W., Noufi, R., Ward, J., and Duda, A., Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications,11: p. 225 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2 Williams, D.B. and Carter, C.B., Transmission eletron microscopy. 1996: Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3 Pennycook, S.J., Yan, Y., Norman, A., Zhang, Y., Al-Jassim, M., Mascarenhas, A., Ahrenkiel, S.P., Chisholm, M.F., Duscher, G., and Pantelides, S.T.: p. 235. (2000).Google Scholar
4 Pennycook, S.J. and Jesson, D.E., Ultramicroscopy,37: p. 14 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5 Nellist, P.D. and Pennycook, S.J., Ultramicroscopy,78: p. 111 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6 Blelocha, A. and Lupinib, A., Materials Today,7: p. 42 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7 Hetherington, C., Materials Today,7: p. 50 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8 Nellist, P.D., Chisholm, M.F., Dellby, N., Krivanek, O.L., Murfitt, M.F., Szilagyi, Z.S., Lupini, A.R., Borisevich, A., Jr, W.H.S., and Pennycook, S.J., Science,305: p. 1741 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9 Voyles, P.M., Muller, D.A., Grazul, J.L., Citrin, P.H., and Gossmann, H.J.L., Nature,416: p. 826 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10 Lee, T.C. and Silcox, J.. Electron beam irradiated effects of SiO2 in STEM. 1995: Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Google Scholar
11 Mkhoyan, K.A. and Silcox, J., Applied Physics Letters,82: p. 859 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12 Yu, Z., Batson, P.E., and Silcox, J., Ultramicroscopy,96: p. 275 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13 Shafarman, W.N. and Zhu, J., Thin Solid Films,361-362: p. 473477. (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14 Shafarman, W.N. and Zhu, J.. Effect of Grain Size, Morphology and Deposition Temperature on Cu(InGa)Se2 Solar Cells. in Proc. 2001 MRS Spring Meeting. 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 10 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 5th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Application of Advanced Microstructural and Microchemical Microscopy Techniques to Chalcopyrite Solar Cells.
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Application of Advanced Microstructural and Microchemical Microscopy Techniques to Chalcopyrite Solar Cells.
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Application of Advanced Microstructural and Microchemical Microscopy Techniques to Chalcopyrite Solar Cells.
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *