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Agglomeration of Cobalt Silicide Films

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 February 2011

Z. G. Xiao
Affiliation:
N. C. State University, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Raleigh, NC 27695
G. A. Rozgonyi
Affiliation:
N. C. State University, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Raleigh, NC 27695
C. A. Canovai
Affiliation:
N. C. State University, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Raleigh, NC 27695
C. M. Osburn
Affiliation:
N. C. State University, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Raleigh, NC 27695 MCNC, Center for Microelectronics, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
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Abstract

The agglomeration of Co silicide films formed on Si substrates processed with different Co film thickness was investigated by TEM, XRD, and four-point-probe measurements. It was found that thermal grooving always accompanies the film formation, while islanding can occur during high temperature thermal stability testing, or during formation of very thin films at moderate temperatures. In addition to whole film agglomeration, partial agglomeration on the top of the film has been observed, which is prominent and important for thin films. A theoretical model of agglomeration for silicide films is presented, which shows that when the ratio of grain size to film thickness is smaller than a critical value, the film will not lose its continuity. Also, grain boundary migration was found to have a suppressing effect on thermal grooving. Both a small grain size and a low grain boundary energy are shown to be favorable for improving the thermal stability.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1991

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References

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