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In situ investigation of halide incorporation into perovskite solar cells

  • Jeffery A. Aguiar (a1) (a2) (a3), Nooraldeen R. Alkurd (a4) (a5), Sarah Wozny (a4), Maulik K. Patel (a6), Mengjin Yang (a1), Weilie Zhou (a4), Mowafak Al-Jassim (a1), Terry G. Holesinger (a7), Kai Zhu (a8) and Joseph J. Berry (a8)...


Here we report on the material chemistry following crystallization in the presence of water vapor of chlorinated formamidinium lead-triiodide (NH2CH = NH2PbI3−xClx) perovskite films. We found in-situ exposure to water vapor reduces, or possibly eliminates, the retention of chlorine (Cl) inside NH2CH = NH2PbI3−xClx crystals. There is a strong tendency toward Cl volatility, which indicates the sensitivity of these materials for their integration into solar cells. The requisite for additional efforts focused on the mitigation of water vapor is reported. Based on the in situ results, hot casting (<100 °C) in dry conditions demonstrates improved film coverage and Cl retention with efficiencies reaching 12.07%.


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Address all correspondence to Jeffery A. Aguiar


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