Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Finite element modeling and simulations on indentation and scratch tests on thin films: effects of prestress

  • Biao Feng (a1) and Zhen Liu (a1)

Abstract

Indentation and scratch models are proposed to numerically investigate effects of compressive prestress on film's mechanical responses. In indentation, normal stress distributions are strongly dependent on film thickness; the applied force and the maximum normal stresses with a prestress are much larger than without prestress. For various film thicknesses the change in the normal force in scratch between the non-prestressed and prestressed films is 4%–23%. The scratch friction coefficient is larger with prestress than without prestress. With biaxial or uniaxial prestress the material becomes more difficult to deform or to slide at the contact surface compared with cases without prestress.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address all correspondence to Zhen Liu at hit_lz@lanl.gov

References

Hide All
1.Chalker, P.R., Bull, S.J., and Rickerby, D.S.: A review of the methods for the evaluation of coating-substrate adhesion. Mat. Sci. Eng. A-Struct. 40, 583592 (1991).
2.Hainsworth, S.V. and Soh, W.C.: The effect of the substrate on the mechanical properties of TiN coatings. Surf. Coat. Tech. 163, 515520 (2003).
3.Hogmark, S., Jacobson, S., and Larsson, M.: Design and evaluation of tribological coatings. Wear 246, 20 (2000).
4.Je, J.H., Gyarmati, E., and Naoumidis, A.: Scratch adhesion test of reactively sputtered TiN coatings on a soft substrate. Thin Solid Films 136, 57 (1986).
5.Bull, S.J., Rickerby, D.S., and Jain, A.: The sliding wear of titanium nitride coatings. Surf. Coat. Technol. 41, 269 (1990).
6.Sinha, S.K. and Lim, D.B.J.: Effects of normal load on single-pass scratching of polymer surfaces. Wear 260, 751 (2006).
7.Hintermann, H.E.: Adhesion, friction and wear of thin hard coatings. Wear 100, 381 (1984).
8.Bucaille, J.L., Felder, E., and Hochstetter, G.: Experimental and three-dimensional finite element study of scratch test of polymers at large deformations. J. Tribol.-Trans. ASME 126, 372 (2004).
9.Ivanov, V.V., Lebedev, V.A., and Pinahin, I.A.: Improving wear resistance of surface by depositing vibrational mechanochemical MoS2 coating. J. Frict. Wear 35, 339 (2014).
10.Feng, B. and Chen, Z.: Tribology behavior during indentation and scratch of thin films on substrates: effects of plastic friction. AIP Adv. 5, 057152 (2015).
11.Feng, B.: Tribology behavior on scratch tests: effects of yield strength. Friction 5, 108114 (2017).
12.Feng, B.: Effects of surface roughness on scratch resistance and stress-strain fields during scratch tests. AIP Adv. 7, 035217 (2017).
13.Jiang, H., Zhang, J., Yang, Z., Jiang, C., and Kang, G.: Modeling of competition between shear yielding and crazing in amorphous polymers' scratch. Int. J. Solids. Struct. 124, 215228 (2017).
14.Zhang, T., Cheng, W., Peng, G., Ma, Y., Jiang, W., Hu, J., and Chen, H.: Numerical investigation of spherical indentation on elastic-power-law strain-hardening solids with non-equibiaxial residual stresses. MRS Commun. 9, 360369 (2019).
15.Peng, G., Lu, Z., Ma, Y., Feng, Y., Huan, Y., and Zhang, T.: Spherical indentation method for estimating equibiaxial residual stress and elastic–plastic properties of metals simultaneously. J. Mater. Res. 33, 884897 (2018).
16.Jiang, H., Lim, G.T., Reddy, J.N., Whitcomb, J.D., and Sue, H.J.: Finite element method parametric study on scratch behavior of polymers. J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Phys. 45, 14351447 (2007).
17.Jiang, H., Browning, R., Whitcomb, J.D., Ito, M., Shimouse, M., Chang, T.A., and Sue, H.J.: Mechanical modeling of scratch behavior of polymeric coatings on hard and soft substrates. Tribol. Lett. 37, 159167 (2010).
18.Bucaille, J.L., Gauthier, C., Felder, E. and Schirrer, R.: The influence of strain hardening of polymers on the piling-up phenomenon in scratch tests: experiments and numerical modelling. Wear 260, 803814 (2006).
19.Felder, E., Bucaille, J.L., and Hochstetter, G.: Influence of the rheology of polymers on their scratch resistance: experimental and numerical simulation studies. Ann. Chim.-Sci. Mat. 28, 15 (2003).
20.Holmberg, K., Laukkanen, A., Ronkainen, H., Wallin, K., and Varjus, S.: A model for stresses, crack generation and fracture toughness calculation in scratched TiN-coated steel surfaces. Wear 254, 278 (2003).
21.Li, J. and Beres, W.: Three-dimensional finite element modelling of the scratch test for a TiN coated titanium alloy substrate. Wear 260, 1232 (2006).
22.Bellemare, S.C., Dao, M., and Suresh, S.: Effects of mechanical properties and surface friction on elasto-plastic sliding contact. Mech. Mater. 40, 206 (2008).
23.Lu, J.: Handbook of Measurement of Residual Stresses, (The Fairmont Press, Lilburn, Georgia, 1996).
24.Lu, Z., Feng, Y., Peng, G., Yang, R., Huan, Y., and Zhang, T.: Estimation of surface equi-biaxial residual stress by using instrumented sharp indentation. Mat. Sci. Eng. A 614, 264272 (2014).
25.Jiang, H., Wei, Y., Cheng, Q., and Zhu, Z.: Scratch behavior of low density polyethylene film: effects of pre-stretch and aging. Mater. Des. 157, 235243 (2018).
26.Tan, Y., Jiang, S., Nie, S., Yang, D., Zhang, G., and Peng, R.: Prestress Scratching on SiC ceramic. Int. J. Appl. Ceram. Technol. 9, 322328 (2012).
27.Ott, R.D., Blue, C.A., Santella, M.L., and Blau, P.J.: The influence of a heat treatment on the tribological performance of a high wear resistant high SiAl-Si alloy weld overlay. Wear 251, 868874 (2001).
28.Feng, B. and Levitas, V.I.: Coupled phase transformations and plastic flows under torsion at high pressure in rotational diamond anvil cell: effect of contact sliding. J. Appl. Phys. 114, 213514 (2013).
29.Feng, B., Levitas, V.I., and Hemley, R.J.: Large elastoplasticity under static megabar pressures: formulation and application to compression of samples in diamond anvil cells. Int. J. Plast. 84, 3357 (2016).
30.Feng, B., Bronkhorst, C.A., Addessio, F.L., Morrow, B.M., Cerreta, E.K., Lookman, T., Lebensohn, R.A., and Low, T.: Coupled elasticity, plastic slip, and twinning in single crystal titanium loaded by split-Hopkinson pressure bar. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 119, 274297 (2018).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Communications
  • ISSN: 2159-6859
  • EISSN: 2159-6867
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-communications
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed