Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-67gxp Total loading time: 0.463 Render date: 2021-03-05T11:35:50.544Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Tungsten disulfide thin film/p-type Si heterojunction photocathode for efficient photochemical hydrogen production

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 June 2017

Ki Chang Kwon
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Republic of Korea
Seokhoon Choi
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
Kootak Hong
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
Dinsefa Mensur Andoshe
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
Jun Min Suh
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
Changyeon Kim
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
Kyoung Soon Choi
Affiliation:
Advanced Nano Surface Research Group, Korea Basic Science Institute, Daejeon 34133, Republic of Korea
Jeong Hyeon Oh
Affiliation:
School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Republic of Korea
Soo Young Kim
Affiliation:
School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Republic of Korea
Ho Won Jang
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
Corresponding
Get access

Abstract

We demonstrate the tungsten disulfide (WS2) thin film catalysts prepared by the sulfurization of vacuum deposited WO3 thin films for efficient hydrogen production with over 90% Faradaic efficiency. The 23-nm-thick WS2 thin film catalyst heterojunction with p-type silicon photocathode could exhibit a photocurrent density of 8.3 mA/cm2 at 0 V versus a reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), a low onset potential of 0.2 V versus RHE when photocurrent density reaches −1 mA/cm2 and long-term stability over 10 h. The enhanced catalytic activities of WS2/p-Si photocathodes compared with the bare p-Si photocathode originate from a number of edge sites in the synthesized polycrystalline thin films, which could act as hydrogen evolution catalyst.

Type
Research Letters
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

These authors contributed equally to this work.

References

1. Dunn, S.: Hydrogen futures: toward a sustainable energy system. Int. J. Hydrog. Energy 27, 235264 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2. Holladay, J.D., Hu, J., King, D.L., and Wang, Y.: An overview of hydrogen production technologies. Catal. Today 139, 244260 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3. Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R. and Rostrup-Nielsen, T.: Large-scale hydrogen production. Cattech 6, 150159 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4. Chen, X., Shen, S., Guo, L., and Mao, S.S.: Semiconductor-based photocatalytic hydrogen generation. Chem. Rev. 110, 65036570 (2010).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
5. Osterloh, F.E. and Parkinson, B.A.: Recent developments in solar water-splitting photocatalysis. MRS Bulletin 36, 1722 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6. Reece, S.Y., Hamel, J.A., Sung, K., Jarvi, T.D., Esswein, A.J., Pijpers, J.J.H., and Nocera, D.G.: Wireless solar water splitting using silicon-based semiconductors and earth-abundant catalysts. Science 334, 345348 (2011).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
7. Walter, M.G., Warren, E.L., McKone, J.R., Boettcher, S.W., Mi, Q., Santori, E.A., and Lewis, N.S.: Solar water splitting cells. Chem. Rev. 110, 64466473 (2010).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
8. Strandwitz, N.C., Turner-Evans, D.B., Tamboli, A.D., Chen, C.T., Atwater, H.A., and Lewis, N.S.: Photoelectrochemical behavior of planar and mircowire-array Si|GaP electrodes. Adv. Energy. Mater. 2, 11091116 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9. Zhu, L., Lin, H., Li, Y., Liao, F., Lifshitz, Y., Sheng, M., Lee, S.-T., and Shao, M.: A rhodium/silicon co-electrocatalyst design concept to surpass platinum hydrogen evolution activity at high overpotentials. Nat. Comm. 7, 12272 (2016).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
10. Li, M., Ma, Q., Zi, W., Liu, X., Zhu, X., and Liu, S.: Pt monolayer coating on complex network substrate with high catalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Sci. Adv. 1, e1400268 (2015).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
11. Kye, J., Shin, M., Lim, B., Jang, J.-W., Oh, L., and Hwang, S.: Plantinum monolayer electrocatalyst on gold nanostructures on silicon for photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution. ACS Nano, 7, 60176023 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12. Andoshe, D.M., Jeon, J.-M., Kim, S.Y., and Jang, H.W.: Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide materials for solar water splitting. Electron. Mater. Lett. 11, 323335 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13. Kwon, K.C., Kim, C., Le, Q.V., Gim, S., Jeon, J.-M., Ham, J.Y., Lee, J.-L., Jang, H.W., and Kim, S.Y.: Synthesis of atomically thin transition metal disulfides for charge transport layers in optoelectronic devices. ACS Nano 9, 41464155 (2015).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14. Ding, Q., Zhai, J., Cabán-Acevedo, M., Shearer, M.J., Li, L., Chang, H.-C., Tsai, M.-L., Ma, D., Zhang, X., Hamers, R.J., He, J.-H., and Jin, S.: Designing efficient solar-driven hydrogen evolution photocathodes using semitransparent MoQxCly (Q = S, Se) catalysts on Si micropyramids. Adv. Mater. 27, 65116518 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15. Ding, Q., Meng, F., English, C.R., Cabán-Acevedo, M., Shearer, M.J., Liang, D., Daniel, A.S., Hamers, R.J., and Jin, S.: Efficient photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation using heterostructures of Si and chemically exfoliated metallic MoS2 . J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 85048507 (2014).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
16. Ding, Q., Song, B., Xu, P., and Jin, S.: Efficient electrocatalytic and photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation using MoS2 and related compounds. Chem 1, 699726 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17. Morrish, R., Haak, T., and Wolden, C.A.: Low-temperature synthesis of n-type WS2 thin films via H2S plasma sulfurization of WO3 . Chem. Mater. 26, 39863992 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
18. Bianco, G.V., Losurdo, M., Giangregorio, M.M., Sacchetti, A., Prete, P., Lovergine, N., Caperzzuto, P., and Bruno, G.: Direct epitaxial CVD synthesis of tungsten disulfide on epitaxial and CVD graphene. RSC adv. 5, 9870098708 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
19. Kwon, K.C., Choi, S., Hong, K., Moon, C.W., Shim, Y.-S., Kim, D.H., Kim, T., Sohn, W., Jeon, J.-M., Lee, C.-H., Nam, K.T., Han, S., Kim, S.Y., and Jang, H.W.: Wafer-scale transferable molybdenum disulfide thin-film catalysts for photoelectrochemical hydrogen production. Energy Environ. Sci. 9, 22402248 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
20. Panigrahi, P.K. and Pathak, A.: Mircowave-assisted synthesis of WS2 nanowires through tetrathiotungstate precursors. Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 9, 045008 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
21. Fu, Q., Wang, W., Yang, L., Huang, J., Zhang, J., and Xiang, B.: Controllable synthesis of high quality monolayer WS2 on a SiO2/Si substrate by chemical vapor deposition. RSC Adv. 5, 1579515799 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
22. Lan, C., Li, C., and Liu, Y.: Large-area synthesis of monolayer WS2 and its ambient-sensitive photo-detecting performance. Nanoscale 7, 59745980 (2015).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
23. Mishra, A.K., Lakshmi, K.V., and Huang, L.: Eco-friendly synthesis of metal dichalcogenides nanosheets and their environmental remediation potential driven by visible light. Sci. Rep. 5, 15718 (2015).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
24. Berkdemir, A., Gutiérrez, H.R., Botello-Méndez, A.R., Perea-López, N., Elías, A.L., Chia, C., Wang, B., Crespi, V.H., López-Urías, F., Charlier, J.-C., Terrones, H., and Terrones, M.: Idenfication of individual and few layers of WS2 using Raman spectroscopy. Sci. Rep. 3, 1755 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
25. Li, H., Zhang, Q., Yap, C.C.R., Tay, B.K., Edwin, T.H.T., Olivier, A., and Baillargeat, D.: From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering. Adv. Funct. Mater. 22, 13851390 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
26. Nguyen, T.P., Sohn, W., Oh, J.H., Jang, H.W., and Kim, S.Y.: Size-dependent properties of two-dimensional MoS2 and WS2 . J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 1007810085 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
27. Xu, Z.-Q., Zhang, Y., Lin, S., Zheng, C., Zhong, Y.L., Xia, X., Li, Z., Sophia, P.J., Fuhrer, M.S., Cheng, Y.-B., and Bao, Q.: Synthesis and transfer of large-area monolayer WS2 crystals: moving toward the recyclable use of sapphire substrates. ACS Nano 9, 61786187 (2015).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
28. Nguyen, T.P., Choi, S., Jeon, J.-M., Kwon, K.C., Jang, H.W., and Kim, S.Y.: Transition metal disulfide nanosheets synthesized by facile sonication method for the hydrogen evolution reaction. J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 39293935 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Kwon supplementary material

Kwon supplementary material 1

File 473 KB

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 88
Total number of PDF views: 269 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 06th June 2017 - 5th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Tungsten disulfide thin film/p-type Si heterojunction photocathode for efficient photochemical hydrogen production
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Tungsten disulfide thin film/p-type Si heterojunction photocathode for efficient photochemical hydrogen production
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Tungsten disulfide thin film/p-type Si heterojunction photocathode for efficient photochemical hydrogen production
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *