Ferroelectric ceramic thin films fit naturally into the burgeoning field of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Microelectromechanical systems combine traditional Si integrated-circuit (IC) electronics with micromechanical sensing and actuating components. The term MEMS has become synonymous with many types of microfabricated devices such as accelerometers, infrared detectors, flow meters, pumps, motors, and mechanical components. These devices have lateral dimensions in the range of 10 μm–10 mm. The ultimate goal of MEMS is a self-contained system of interrelated sensing and actuating devices together with signal processing and control electronics on a common substrate, most often Si. Since fabrication involves methods common to the IC industry, MEMS can be mass-produced. Commercial applications for MEMS already span biomedical (e.g., blood-pressure sensors), manufacturing (e.g., microflow controllers), information processing (e.g., displays), and automotive (e.g., accelerometers) industries. More applications are projected in consumer electronics, manufacturing control, communications, and aerospace. Materials for MEMS include traditional microelectronic materials (e.g., Si, SiO2, Si3N4, polyimide, Pt, Al) as well as nontraditional ones (e.g., ferroelectric ceramics, shapememory alloys, chemical-sensing materials). The superior piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties of ferroelectric ceramics make them ideal materials for microactuators and microsensors.