Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Understanding mechanical behavior and reliability of organic electronic materials

  • Jae-Han Kim (a1), Inhwa Lee (a2), Taek-Soo Kim (a3), Nicholas Rolston (a4), Brian L. Watson (a5) and Reinhold H. Dauskardt (a6)...

Abstract

The mechanical properties of organic electronic materials and interfaces play a central role in determining the manufacturability and reliability of flexible and stretchable organic electronic devices. The synergistic effects of mechanical stress and deformation, together with other operating parameters such as temperature and temperature cycling, and exposure to solar radiation, moisture, and other environmental species are particularly important for longer-term device stability. We review recent studies of basic mechanical properties such as adhesion and cohesion, stiffness, yield behavior, and ductility of organic semiconducting materials, and their connection to underlying molecular structure. We highlight thin-film metrologies to probe the mechanical behavior, including when subjected to simulated operational conditions. We also report on strategies for improving reliability through interface engineering and tailoring material chemistry and molecular structure. These studies provide insights into how these metrologies and metrics inform the development of materials and devices for improved reliability.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Brand, V., Bruner, C., Dauskardt, R.H., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 182 (2012).
2. Dauskardt, R.H., Lane, M., Ma, Q., Krishna, N., Eng. Fract. Mech. 61, 141 (1998).
3. Hutchinson, J.W., Suo, Z., Adv. Appl. Mech. 29, 63 (1991).
4. Bruner, C., Dauskardt, R., Macromolecules 47, 1117 (2014).
5. Stafford, C.M., Harrison, C., Beers, K.L., Karim, A., Amis, E.J., Van Landingham, M.R., Kim, H.C., Volksen, W., Miller, R.D., Simonyi, E.E., Nat. Mater. 3, 545 (2004).
6. O’Connor, B., Chan, E.P., Chan, C., Conrad, B.R., Richter, L.J., Kline, R.J., Heeney, M., McCulloch, I., Soles, C.L., De Longchamp, D.M., ACS Nano 4, 7538 (2010).
7. Kim, J.-H., Nizami, A., Hwangbo, Y., Jang, B., Lee, H.-J., Woo, C.-S., Hyun, S., Kim, T.-S., Nat. Commun. 4, 2520 (2013).
8. Suo, Z., Prévost, J.H., Liang, J., J. Mech. Phys. Solids 51, 2169 (2003).
9. Jørgensen, M., Norrman, K., Krebs, F.C., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 686 (2008).
10. Dupont, S.R., Oliver, M., Krebs, F.C., Dauskardt, R.H., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97, 171 (2012).
11. Dupont, S.R., Novoa, F., Voroshazi, E., Dauskardt, R.H., Adv. Funct. Mater. 24, 1325 (2014).
12. Balcaen, V., Rolston, N., Dupont, S.R., Voroshazi, E., Dauskardt, R.H., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 418 (2015).
13. Rolston, N., Watson, B.L., Bailie, C.D., McGehee, M.D., Bastos, J.P., Gehlhaar, R., Kim, J.E., Vak, D., Mallajosyula, A.T., Gupta, G., Mohite, A.D., Dauskardt, R.H., Extreme Mech. Lett. 9, 353 (2016).
14. Watson, B.L., Rolston, N., Bush, K.A., Leijtens, T., McGehee, M.D., Dauskardt, R.H., ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 25896 (2016).
15. Dupont, S.R., Voroshazi, E., Nordlund, D., Dauskardt, R.H., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 132, 443 (2015).
16. Awartani, O., Lemanski, B.I., Ro, H.W., Richter, L.J., De Longchamp, D.M., O’Connor, B.T., Adv. Energy Mater. 3, 399 (2013).
17. Tank, D., Lee, H.H., Khang, D.Y., Macromolecules 42, 7079 (2009).
18. Savagatrup, S., Makaram, A.S., Burke, D.J., Lipomi, D.J., Adv. Funct. Mater. 24, 1169 (2014).
19. Roth, B., Savagatrup, S., De Los Santos, N.V., Hagemann, O., Carlé, J.E., Helgesen, M., Livi, F., Bundgaard, E., Søndergaard, R.R., Krebs, F.C., Lipomi, D.J., Chem. Mater. 28, 2363 (2016).
20. Savagatrup, S., Chan, E., Renteria-Garcia, S.M., Printz, A.D., Zaretski, A.V., O’Connor, T.F., Rodriquez, D., Valle, E., Lipomi, D.J., Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 427 (2015).
21. Lipomi, D.J., Chong, H., Vosgueritchian, M., Mei, J., Bao, Z., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 107, 355 (2012).
22. Kim, J.S., Kim, J.H., Lee, W., Yu, H., Kim, H.J., Song, I., Shin, M., Oh, J.H., Jeong, U., Kim, T.S., Kim, B.J., Macromolecules 48, 4339 (2015).
23. Kim, T., Kim, J.-H., Kang, T.E., Lee, C., Kang, H., Shin, M., Wang, C., Ma, B., Jeong, U., Kim, T.-S., Kim, B.J., Nat. Commun. 6, 8547 (2015).
24. Printz, A.D., Chiang, A.S.C., Savagatrup, S., Lipomi, D.J., Synth. Met. 217, 144 (2016).
25. Dupont, S.R., Voroshazi, E., Heremans, P., Dauskardt, R.H., Proc. IEEE Photovolt. Spec. Conf. (2012), pp. 32593262.
26. Krebs, F.C., Gevorgyan, S.A., Alstrup, J., J. Mater. Chem. 19, 5442 (2009).
27. Kook, S.Y., Dauskardt, R.H., J. Appl. Phys. 91, 1293 (2002).
28. Lane, M.W., Snodgrass, J.M., Dauskardt, R.H., Microelectron. Reliab. 41, 1615 (2001).
29. Cai, C., Miller, D.C., Tappan, I.A., Dauskardt, R.H., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 157, 346 (2016).
30. Kline, R.J., McGehee, M.D., Kadnikova, E.N., Liu, J., Fréchet, J.M.J., Adv. Mater. 15, 1519 (2003).
31. Zen, A., Saphiannikova, M., Neher, D., Grenzer, J., Grigorian, S., Pietsch, U., Asawapirom, U., Janietz, S., Scherf, U., Lieberwirth, I., Wegner, G., Macromolecules 39, 2162 (2006).
32. Koppe, M., Brabec, C.J., Heiml, S., Schausberger, A., Duffy, W., Heeney, M., McCulloch, I., Macromolecules 42, 4661 (2009).
33. Ma, W., Kim, J.Y., Lee, K., Heeger, A.J., Macromol. Rapid Commun. 28, 1776 (2007).
34. Tummala, N.R., Bruner, C., Risko, C., Brédas, J.L., Dauskardt, R.H., ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 9957 (2015).
35. Tummala, N.R., Risko, C., Bruner, C., Dauskardt, R.H., Brédas, J.L., J. Polym. Sci. B Polym. Phys. 53, 934 (2015).
36. Dupont, S.R., Voroshazi, E., Nordlund, D., Vandewal, K., Dauskardt, R.H., Adv. Mater. Interfaces 1, 1400135 (2014).
37. Yun, J.H., Lee, I., Kim, T.-S., Ko, M.J., Kim, J.Y., Son, H.J., J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 22176 (2015).
38. Cai, C., Dauskardt, R.H., Nano Lett. 15, 6751 (2015).

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed