Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Metal deformation and phase transitions at extremely high strain rates

  • R. E. Rudd (a1), T. C. Germann (a2), B. A. Remington (a3) and J. S. Wark (a4)

Abstract

The powerful lasers being constructed for inertially confined fusion generate enormous pressures extremely rapidly. These extraordinary machines both motivate the need and provide the means to study materials under extreme pressures and loading rates. In this frontier of materials science, an experiment may last for just 10s of nanoseconds. Processes familiar at ambient conditions, such as phase transformations and plastic flow, operate far from equilibrium and show significant kinetic effects. Here we describe recent developments in the science of metal deformation and phase transitions at extreme pressures and strain rates. Ramp loading techniques enable the study of solids at high pressures (100s of GPa) at moderate temperatures. Advanced diagnostics, such as in situ x-ray scattering, allow time-resolved material characterization in the short-lived high-pressure state, including crystal structure (phase), elastic compression, the size of microstructural features, and defect densities. Computer simulation, especially molecular dynamics, provides insight into the mechanisms of deformation and phase change.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Nuckolls, J., Wood, L., Thiessen, A., Zimmerman, G.B., Nature 239, 129 (1972).
2. Post, R., Phys. Today 26, 30 (1973).
3. Lindl, J., Phys. Plasmas 2, 3933 (1995).
4. Tabak, M., Clark, D.S., Hatchett, S.P., Key, M.H., Lasinski, B.F., Snavely, R.A., Wilks, S.C., Town, R.P.J., Stephens, R., Campbell, E.M., Kodama, R., Mima, K., Tanaka, K.A., Atzeni, S., Freeman, R., Phys. Plasmas 12, 057305 (2005).
5. Haynam, C.A., Wegner, P.J., Auerbach, J.M., Bowers, M.W., Dixit, S.N., Erbert, G.V., Heestand, G.M., Henesian, M.A., Hermann, M.R., Jancaitis, K.S., Manes, K.R., Marshall, C.D., Mehta, N.C., Menapace, J., Moses, E., Murray, J.R., Nostrand, M.C., Orth, C.D., Patterson, R., Sacks, R.A., Shaw, M.J., Spaeth, M., Sutton, S.B., Williams, W.H., Widmayer, C.C., White, R.K., Yang, S.T., Van Wonterghem, B.M., Appl. Opt. 46, 3276 (2007).
6. Rinehart, J.S., Pearson, J., Explosive Working of Metals (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1963).
7. Conrad, C.P., Molnar, P., Geophys. J. Int. 129, 95 (1997).
8. Temporal, M., López Cela, J.J., Piriz, A.R., Grandjouan, N., Tahir, N.A., Hoffmann, D.H.H., Laser Part. Beams 23, 137 (2005).
9. Sheppard, M., Atchison, W., Keinigs, R., Stokes, J., Proc. IEEE Pulsed Power Conf. 2, 892 (1999).
10. Slutz, S.A., Herrmann, M.C., Vesey, R.A., Sefkow, A.B., Sinars, D.B., Rovang, D.C., Peterson, K.J., Cuneo, M.E., Phys. Plasmas 17, 056303 (2010).
11. Remington, B.A., Weber, S.V., Marinak, M.M., Hsing, W.W., Hoffman, N.M., in Inertial Confinement Fusion Quarterly Report (UCRL-LR-105821–95–4, 1995), p. 232.
12. Edwards, J., Lorenz, K.T., Remington, B.A., Pollaine, S., Colvin, J., Braun, D., Lasinski, B.F., Reisman, D., McNaney, J.M., Greenough, J.A., Wallace, R., Louis, H., Kalantar, D., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 075002 (2004).
13. Lorenz, K.T., Edwards, M.J., Glendinning, S.G., Jankowski, A.F., McNaney, J., Remington, S.M., High Energy Density Phys. 2, 113 (2006).
14. Park, H.-S., Lorenz, K.T., Cavallo, R.M., Pollaine, S.M., Prisbey, S.T., Rudd, R.E., Becker, R.C., Bernier, J.V., Remington, B.A., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 135504 (2010).
15. Barnes, J.F., Blewett, P.J., McQueen, R.G., Meyer, K.A., Venable, D., J. Appl. Phys. 45, 727 (1974).
16. Barnes, J.F., Janney, D.H., London, R.K., Meyer, K.A., Sharp, D.H., J. Appl. Phys. 51, 4678 (1980).
17. Park, H.-S., Remington, B.A., Becker, R.C., Bernier, J.V., Cavallo, R.M., Lorenz, K.T., Pollaine, S.M., Prisbrey, S.T., Rudd, R.E., Barton, N.R., Phys. Plasmas 17, 056314 (2010).
18. Asay, J.R., Ao, T., Vogler, T.J., Davis, J.-P., Gray, G.T. III, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073515 (2009).
19. Bradley, D.K., Eggert, J.H., Smith, R.F., Prisbrey, S.T., Hicks, D.G., Braun, D.G., Biener, J., Hamza, A.V., Rudd, R.E., Collins, G.W., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 075503 (2009).
20. Meyers, M.A., Gregori, F., Kad, B.K., Schneider, M.S., Kalantar, D.H., Remington, B.A., Ravichandran, G., Boehly, T., Wark, J.S., Acta Mater. 51, 1211 (2003).
21. Frutschy, K.J., Clifton, R.J., J. Mech. Phys. Solids 46, 1723 (1998).
22. Wark, J.S., Whitlock, R.R., Hauer, A., Swain, J.E., Solone, P.J., Phys. Rev. B 35, 9391 (1987).
23. Wark, J.S., Whitlock, R.R., Hauer, A., Swain, J.E., Solone, P.J., Phys. Rev. B 40, 5705 (1989).
24. Kalantar, D.H., Bringa, E.M., Caturla, M., Colvin, J., Lorenz, K.T., Kumar, M., Stolken, J., Allen, A.M., Rosolankova, K., Wark, J.S., Meyers, M.A., Schneider, M., Boehly, T.R., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1929 (2003).
25. Rosolankova, K., Wark, J.S., Bringa, E.M., Hawreliak, J., J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18, 6749 (2006).
26. Loveridge-Smith, A., Allen, A., Belak, J., Boehly, T., Hauer, A., Holian, B., Kalantar, D., Kyrala, G., Lee, R.W., Lomdahl, P., Meyers, M.A., Paisley, D., Pollaine, S., Remington, B., Swift, D.C., Weber, S., Wark, J.S., Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2349 (2001).
27. Murphy, W.J., Higginbotham, A., Kimminau, G., Barbrel, B., Bringa, E.M., Hawreliak, J., Kodama, R., Koenig, M., McBarron, W., Meyers, M.A., Nagler, B., Ozaki, N., Park, N., Remington, B., Rothman, S., Vinko, S.M., Whitcher, T., Wark, J.S., J. Phys. Condens. Matter 22, 065404 (2010).
28. Kalantar, D.H., Belak, J.F., Collins, G.W., Colvin, J.D., Davies, H.M., Eggert, J.H., Germann, T.C., Hawreliak, J., Holian, B.L., Kadau, K., Lomdahl, P.S., Lorenzana, H.E., Meyers, M.A., Rosolankova, K., Schneider, M.S., Sheppard, J., Stolken, J.S., Wark, J.S., Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 075502 (2005).
29. Suggit, M., Kimminau, G., Hawreliak, J., Remington, B., Park, N., Wark, J., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 083902 (2010).
30. Hawreliak, J., Lorenzana, H.E., Remington, B.A., Lukezic, S., Wark, J.S., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 083908 (2007).
31. Allen, M.P., Tildesley, D.J., Computer Simulation of Liquids (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1987).
32. Glosli, J.N., Caspersen, K.J., Richards, D.F., Rudd, R.E., Streitz, F.H., Gunnels, J.A., in Proc. Supercomputing 2007 (2007).
33. Kadau, K., Germann, T.C., Lomdahl, P.S., Int. J. Mod. Phys. C 17, 1755 (2006).
34. Tadmor, E.B., Ortiz, M., Phillips, R., Philos. Mag. A 73, 1529 (1996).
35. Rudd, R.E., Broughton, J.Q., Phys. Status Solidi B 217, 251 (2000).
36. Rudd, R.E., Broughton, J.Q., Phys. Rev. B 72, 144104 (2005).
37. Miller, R.E., Tadmor, E.B., Modell. Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 17, 053001 (2009).
38. Moriarty, J.A., Benedict, L.X., Glosli, J.N., Hood, R.Q., Orlikowski, D.A., Patel, M.V., Soderlind, P., Streitz, F.H., Tang, M., Yang, L.H., J. Mater. Res. 21, 563 (2006).
39. Arsenlis, A., Cai, W., Tang, M., Rhee, M., Oppelstrup, T., Hommes, G., Pierce, T.G., Bulatov, V.V., Modell. Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 15, 553 (2007).
40. Hoover, W.G., Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1531 (1979).
41. Holian, B.L., Straub, G.K., Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1598 (1979).
42. Holian, B.L., Phys. Rev. A 37, 2562 (1988).
43. Holian, B.L., Lomdahl, P.S., Science 280, 2085 (1998).
44. Germann, T.C., Holian, B.L., Lomdahl, P.S., Ravelo, R., Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5351 (2000).
45. Tanguy, D., Mareschal, M., Lomdahl, P.S., Germann, T.C., Holian, B.L., Ravelo, R., Phys. Rev. B 68, 144111 (2003).
46. Germann, T.C., Tanguy, D., Holian, B.L., Lomdahl, P.S., Mareschal, M., Ravelo, R., Metall. Mater. Trans. 35A, 2609 (2004).
47. Maillet, J.-B., Mareschal, M., Soulard, L., Ravelo, R., Lomdahl, P.S., Germann, T.C., Holian, B.L., Phys. Rev. E 63, 016121 (2000).
48. Bringa, E.M., Cazamias, J.U., Erhart, P., Stolken, J., Tanushev, N., Wirth, B.D., Rudd, R.E., Caturla, M.J., J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3793 (2004).
49. Ravelo, R., Holian, B.L., Germann, T.C., Lomdahl, P.S., Phys. Rev. B 70, 014103 (2004).
50. Kubota, A., Reisman, D.B., Wolfer, W.G., Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 241924 (2006).
51. Kimminau, G., Erhart, P., Bringa, E.M., Remington, B., Wark, J.S., Phys. Rev. B 81, 092102 (2010).
52. Bringa, E.M., Rosolankova, K., Rudd, R.E., Remington, B.A., Wark, J.S., Duchaineau, M., Kalantar, D.H., Belak, J., Nat. Mater. 5, 805 (2006).
53. Bringa, E.M., Caro, A., Wang, Y., Victoria, M., McNaney, J.M., Remington, B.A., Smith, R.F., Torralva, B.R., van Swygenhoven, H., Science 309, 1838 (2005).
54. Rudd, R.E., Mater. Sci. Forum 633634, 3 (2010).
55. Remington, B.A., Haan, S.W., Glendinning, S.G., Kilkenny, J.D., Munro, D.H., Wallace, R.J., Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3259 (1991).
56. Fisher, A.C., Masters, N.D., Dixit, P., Benson, D.J., Koniges, A.E., Anderson, R.W., Gunney, B.T.N., Wang, P., Becker, R., J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112 022027 (2008).
57. Belak, J., J. Comput.-Aided Mater. Des. 5, 193 (1998).
58. Rudd, R.E., Belak, J.F., Comput. Mater. Sci. 24, 148 (2002).
59. Moriarty, J.A., Belak, J.F., Rudd, R.E., Soderlind, P., Streitz, F.H., Yang, L.H., J. Phys. Condens. Matter 14, 2825 (2002).
60. Seppala, E.T., Belak, J., Rudd, R.E., Phys. Rev. B 69, 134101 (2004)
61. Rudd, R.E., Philos. Mag. 89, 3133 (2009).
62. Seppala, E.T., Belak, J., Rudd, R.E., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 245503 (2004)
63. Seppala, E.T., Belak, J., Rudd, R.E., Phys. Rev. B 71, 064112 (2005).
64. Rudd, R.E., Seppala, E.T., Dupuy, L.M., Belak, J., J. Comput.-Aided Mater. Des. 14, 425 (2007).
65. Lubarda, V.A., Schneider, M.S., Kalantar, D.H., Remington, B.A., Meyers, M.A. Acta Mater. 52, 1397 (2004).
66. Ahn, D.C., Sofronis, P., Minich, R., J. Mech. Phys. Solids 54, 735 (2006).
67. Dremov, V., Petrovtsev, A., Sapozhnikov, P., Smirnova, M., Preston, D.L., Zocher, M.A., Phys. Rev. B 74, 144110 (2006).
68. Srinivasan, S.G., Baskes, M.I., Wagner, G.J., J. Appl. Phys. 101, 043504 (2007).
69. Luo, S.N., An, Q., Germann, T.C., Han, L.B., J. Appl. Phys. 106, 013502 (2009).
70. Luo, S.N., Germann, T.C., Tonks, D.L., J. Appl. Phys. 106, 123518 (2009).
71. Kadau, K., Germann, T.C., Lomdahl, P.S., Holian, B.L., Science 296, 1681 (2002).
72. Hawreliak, J., Colvin, J.D., Eggert, J.H., Kalantar, D.H., Stölken, J.S., Davies, H.M., Germann, T.C., Holian, B.L., Kadau, K., Lomdahl, P.S., Higginbotham, A., Rosolankova, K., Sheppard, J., Wark, J.S., Phys. Rev. B 74, 184107 (2006).
73. Hawreliak, J., Kalantar, D.H., Stölken, J.S., Remington, B.A., Lorenzana, H.E., Wark, J.S., Phys. Rev. B 78, 220101 (2008).
74. Kadau, K., Germann, T.C., Lomdahl, P.S., Holian, B.L., Phys. Rev. B 72, 064120 (2005).
75. Kadau, K., Germann, T.C., Lomdahl, P.S., Albers, R.C., Wark, J.S., Higginbotham, A., Holian, B.L., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 135701 (2007).
76. Sakagami, H., Nishihara, K., Phys. Fluids B 2, 2715 (1990).
77. Meyers, M.A., Remington, B.A., Maddox, B., Bringa, E.M., JOM 62, 24 (2010).
78. Walsh, J.M., Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 29, 28 (1954).
79. Bancroft, D., Peterson, E.L., Minshall, S., J. Appl. Phys. 27, 291 (1956).
80. Jamieson, J.C., Lawson, A.W., J. Appl. Phys. 33, 776 (1962).

Metal deformation and phase transitions at extremely high strain rates

  • R. E. Rudd (a1), T. C. Germann (a2), B. A. Remington (a3) and J. S. Wark (a4)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed