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Electronic Properties of Inorganic and Organic Semiconductors and Their Application to National Security Needs

  • Darryl L. Smith

Abstract

The following article is based on the plenary presentation given by Darryl L.Smith of Los Alamos National Laboratory on December 1, 2003, at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting in Boston.The presentation contrasted the electronic structure of inorganic semiconductors with that of organic semiconductors, examined how the differences in electronic structure lead to complementary physical properties, and discussed applications of these materials—including infrared detectors and sources, gamma-ray detectors, and chemical/biological sensors—that are of interest to issues of national security.

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1For example, see Ashcroft, N.W. and Mermin, N.D.Solid State Physics (Harcourt, Fort Worth, 1976).
2Awschalom, D.D.Loss, D. and Samarth, N. eds., Semiconductor Spintronics and Quantum Computing (Springer, Berlin, 2002).
3Bronold, F.X.Saxena, A. and Smith, D.L. in Solid State Physics, Vol.58, edited by Ehrenreich, H. and Spaepen, F. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2004) p.73.
4Smith, D.L. and Mailhiot, C.Rev. Mod. Phys. 62 (1990) p.173.
5Sze, S.M.Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981).
6Greenham, N.C. and Friend, R.H. in Solid State Physics, Vol. 49, edited by Ehrenreich, H. and Spaepen, F. (Academic, New York, 1995) p.1.
7Campbell, I.H. and Smith, D.L. in Solid State Physics, Vol. 55, edited by Ehrenreich, H. and Spaepen, F. (Academic, New York, 2001) p.1.
8Reine, M.B.Sood, A.K. and Tredwell, T.J.Semicond. Semimet. 18 (1981) p.201.
9Smith, D.L. and Mailhiot, C.J. Appl. Phys. 62 (1987) p.2545.
10Knoll, G.F.Radiation Detection and Measurement, 3rd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000).
11Crone, B.Dodabalapur, A.Gelperin, A, Torsi, L.Katz, H.E.Lovinger, A.J. and Bao, Z., Appl. Phys. Lett. 78 (2001) p.2229.

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Electronic Properties of Inorganic and Organic Semiconductors and Their Application to National Security Needs

  • Darryl L. Smith

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