Skip to main content Accessibility help

Atomic-Resolution Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy for Probing Gas–Solid Reactions in Heterogeneous Catalysis

  • Pratibha L. Gai, Edward D. Boyes, Stig Helveg, Poul L. Hansen, Suzanne Giorgio and Claude R. Henry...


Advances in atomic-resolution environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) and related techniques for probing gas–solid reactions in situ are described. The capabilities of ETEM allow the dynamic nanostructure of heterogeneous catalysts in their functioning states to be directly monitored in real time. Applications of ETEM in catalysis are outlined, and they illustrate significant new insights into the dynamic nanostructure of the catalyst materials and their modes of operation.



Hide All
1.Gai-Boyes, P. L., Catal. Rev. Sci. Eng. 34, 1 (1992).
2.Gai, P.L., Boyes, E.D., Electron Microscopy in Heterogeneous Catalysis (Institute of Physics Publishing, London, 2003).
3.Butler, E.P., Hale, K.F., Dynamic Experiments (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1981).
4.Gai, P.L., Smith, B.C., Owen, G., Nature 348, 430 (1990).
5.Topsøe, H., J. Catal. 216, 155 (2003).
6.Sharma., R., Microsc. Microanal. 7, 494 (2001).
7.Gai, P.L., Kourtakis, K., Science 267, 661 (1995).
8.Boyes, E.D., Gai, P.L., Ultramicroscopy 67, 219 (1997).
9.Haggin, J., Chem. Eng. News 73 (30), 39 (1995).
10.Jacoby, M., Chem. Eng. News 80 (31), 26 (2002).
11.Thomas, J.M., Gai, P.L., Adv. Catal. 48, 171 (2004).
12.Gai, P.L., Calvino, J.J., Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 35, 465 (2005).
13.Datye, A., Hansen, P.L., Helveg, S., Adv. Catal. 50, 77 (2006).
14.Stach, E., Microsc. Microanal. (In situ Tutorials) 12, 2 (2006).
15.Sharma, R., Weiss, K., Microsc. Res. Technol. 42, 270 (1998).
16.Gai, P.L., Acta. Crystallogr. B53, 346 (1997); P.L. Gai, Adv. Mater. 10, 1259 (1998).
17.Gai, P.L., Nanocharacterisation (RSC Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, A., Kirkland, J., Hutchison, Eds. (Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 2007) Ch. 7, p. 268.
18.Gai, P.L., Top. Catal. 9, 19 (1999).
19.Gai, P.L., Top. Catal. 21, 161 (2002).
20.Boyes, E.D., Gai, P.L., Microsc. Today 12, 24 (2004).
21.Gai, P.L., Torardi, C.C., Boyes, E.D., Turning Points in Solid State Chemistry (Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 2007), Ch. 45, p. 745.
22.Gai, P.L., Kourtakis, K., Boyes, E.D., Catal. Lett. 102 (1–2), 1 (2005).
23.Daulton, T., Little, B., Lowe, K., Jones-Meehan, J., Microsc. Microanal. 7, 470 (2001).
24.Giorgio, S., Joao, S. Sao, Nitsche, S., Sitja, G., Henry, C.R., Ultramicroscopy 106 (6), 503 (2006).
25.Zanella, R., Louis, C., Shin, C., Giorgio, S., Henry, C., J. Catal. 222, 357 (2004).
26.Joao, S.Sao, Giorgio, S., Henry, C., Chapon, C., Bourgeois, S., Penisson, J.M., J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 342 (2005).
27.Baker, R.T., Catal. Rev. Sci. Eng. 19, 161 (1979).
28.Sharma, R., Crozier, P., in Handbook for Microscopy, Yao, N., Wang, Z., Eds. (Kluwer, 2005) Ch. 17.
29.Clausen, B.S., Schiøtz, J., Grabarek, L., Ovesen, C.V., Jacobsen, K., Nørskov, J.K., Topsøe, H., Top. Catal. 1, 367 (1994).
30.Grunwaldt, J.D., Molenbroek, A.M., Topsøe, N.-Y., Topsøe, H., Clausen, B.S., J. Catal. 194, 453 (2000).
31.Ovesen, C.V., Clausen, B.S., Schiøtz, J., Stoltz, P., Topsøe, H., Nørskov, J.K., J. Catal. 168. 133 (1997).
32.Hansen, P.L., Wagner, J.B., Helveg, S., Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R., Clausen, B.S., Topsøe, H., Science 295, 2053 (2002).
33.Wagner, J.B., Hansen, P.L., Molenbroek, A.M., Topsøe, H., Clausen, B.S., Helveg, S., J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7753 (2003).
34.Helveg, S., Hansen, P.L., Catal. Today 111, 68 (2005).
35.Honkala, K., Hellman, A., Remediakis, I.N., Logadottir, A., Carlsson, A., Dahl, S., Christensen, C.H., Nørskov, J.K., Science 307, 555 (2005).
36.Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R., Sehested, J., Nørskov, J.K., Adv. Catal. 47, 65 (2002). Jong, K.P., Geus, J.W., Catal. Rev. Sci. Eng. 42 (4), 481 (2000).
38.Terrones, M., Int. Mater. Rev. 49, 325 (2005).
39.Baker, R.T.K., Barber, M., Harris, P., Fetes, S., White, R.J., J. Catal. 26, 51 (1972).
40.Helveg, S., Lopez-Cartes, C., Sehested, J., Hansen, P.L., Clausen, B.S., Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R., Abild-Pedersen, F., Nørskov, J.K., Nature 427, 426 (2004).
41.Bengaard, H.S., Nørskov, J.K., Sehested, J., Clausen, B.S., Nielsen, L.P., Molenbroek, A.M., Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R., J. Catal. 209, 365 (2002).
42.Abild-Pedersen, F., Nørskov, J.K., Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R., Sehested, J., Helveg, S., Phys. Rev. B 73, 115419 (2006).
43.Jaeger, N., Science 293, 1601 (2001).


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed