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Spectroscopic characterization of actinide materials

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

R. Caciuffo
Affiliation:
Actinide Research Department, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe, Germany; roberto.caciuffo@ec.europa.eu
E. C. Buck
Affiliation:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354, USA; edgar.buck@pnl.gov
D. L. Clark
Affiliation:
Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM 87545, USA; dlclark@lanl.gov
G. van der Laan
Affiliation:
Diamond Light Source, UK; gerrit.vanderlaan@stfc.ac.uk
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Abstract

Advanced spectroscopic techniques provide new and unique tools for unraveling the nature of the electronic structure of actinide materials. Inelastic neutron scattering experiments, which address temporal aspects of lattice and magnetic fluctuations, probe electromagnetic multipole interactions and the coupling between electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom. Nuclear magnetic resonance clearly demonstrates different magnetic ground states at low temperature. Photoemission spectroscopy provides information on the occupied part of the electronic density of states and has been used to investigate the momentum-resolved electronic structure and the topology of the Fermi surface in a variety of actinide compounds. Furthermore, x-ray absorption and electron energy-loss spectroscopy have been used to probe the relativistic nature, occupation number, and degree of localization of 5f electrons across the actinide series. More recently, element- and edge-specific resonant and non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering experiments have provided the opportunity of measuring elementary electronic excitations with higher resolution than traditional absorption techniques. Here, we will discuss results from these spectroscopic techniques and what they tell us of the electronic and magnetic properties of selected actinide materials.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2010

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