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Nanotube responsive materials

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Chaminda Jayasinghe
Affiliation:
Materials Engineering Department, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA; jaya.chaminda@gmail.com.
Weifeng Li
Affiliation:
School of Dynamic Systems, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA; liw3@mail.uc.edu.
Yi Song
Affiliation:
Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA; at songyi@mail.uc.edu.
Jandro L. Abot
Affiliation:
The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA; jlabot@gmail.com.
Vesselin N. Shanov
Affiliation:
School of Energy, Environmental, Biological and Medical Engineering, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA; vesselin.shanov@uc.edu.
Svitlana Fialkova
Affiliation:
Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures, North Carolina A&T University, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA; svetlana.fialkova@hotmail.com.
Sergey Yarmolenko
Affiliation:
Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures, North Carolina A&T University, Greensboro, NC, 27411, USA; sergey@ncat.edu.
Surya Sundaramurthy
Affiliation:
University of Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA; surya.85@gmail.com.
Ying Chen
Affiliation:
Materials Engineering Department, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA; e-mail chen2yg@mail.uc.edu.
Wondong Cho
Affiliation:
Chemical and Materials Engineering Department, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA; e-mail neocryst@gmail.com.
Supriya Chakrabarti
Affiliation:
sc4996@gmail.com.
Ge Li
Affiliation:
General Nano LLC, Cincinnati, OH 45206, USA; lucy.ge.li@generalnanollc.com.
Yeoheung Yun
Affiliation:
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA; yyun@ncat.edu.
Mark J. Schulz
Affiliation:
School of Dynamic Systems, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221-0072, USA; mark.j.schulz@uc.edu.
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Abstract

Individual nanotubes made of carbon, boron nitride, iron, silicon, or other materials have properties such as high strength, toughness, electrical and thermal conductivity, and light weight that cannot be matched by conventional materials. Nanotubes also change their properties in response to external fields and change one type of energy into another, which are useful for design. This article explores three main steps in exploiting responsive materials based on nanotubes: nanotube synthesis, macroscale material fabrication, and incorporation into device structures for novel applications. Nanotubes are always synthesized as individual particles in the form of powders, smoke particles, or aligned forests. To be industrially important, nanotubes generally must be processed to form derivative materials such as functionalized/coated powders and forests and macroscale intermediate materials such as sheets, ribbon, and yarn. The processed nanotubes are then used to develop responsive materials and devices that are able to resist, react to, or generate energy from their environment. This article provides background information and ideas on how to develop nanotube responsive materials for everyday use.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2010

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References

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