Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Article contents

Advances in dissimilar metals joining through temperature control of friction stir welding

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 August 2019

Kenneth Ross
Affiliation:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA; kenneth.ross@pnnl.gov
Md. Reza-E-Rabby
Affiliation:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA; md.reza-e-rabby@pnnl.gov
Martin McDonnell
Affiliation:
US Army CCDC Ground Vehicle Systems Center, USA; martin.m.mcdonnell3.civ@mail.mil
Scott A. Whalen
Affiliation:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA; Scott.Whalen@pnnl.gov
Get access

Abstract

Lightweighting of vehicles and portable structures is an important undertaking. Multimaterial design is required to achieve conflicting design targets such as cost, stiffness, and weight. Friction stir welding (FSW) variants, such as friction stir dovetailing and friction stir scribe, are enabling technologies for joining of dissimilar metals. This article discusses how FSW variants are capable of joining aluminum to steel in particular. The characteristics of metallurgical bonding at the dissimilar materials interface are strongly affected by weld temperature. Control of FSW process temperature enables metallurgical bonding with suppressed formation of intermetallics at the dissimilar materials interface, resulting in improved mechanical properties relative to competing techniques. Temperature control is thus a powerful tool for process development and ensuring weld quality of dissimilar materials welds.

Type
Joining of Dissimilar Lightweight Materials
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Modi, S., Stevens, M., Chess, M., Mixed Material Joining Advancements and Challenges (Center for Automotive Research, Ann Arbor, MI, 2017).Google Scholar
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Laws & Regulations, vol. 2019, https://www.nhtsa.gov/laws-regulations/corporate-average-fuel-economy.Google Scholar
Polsen, E., Krogsrud, L., Carter, R., Oberle, W., Haines, C., Littlefield, A., Lightweight Combat Vehicle S and T Campaign, (US Army TARDEC/Ground System Survivability, Warren, MI, 2014).Google Scholar
Kimapong, K., Watanabe, T., Mater. Trans. 46, 2211 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mahto, R.P., Bhoje, R., Pal, S.K., Joshi, H.S., Das, S., Mater. Sci. Eng. A 652, 136 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wei, Y., Li, J., Xiong, J., Zhang, F., J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 22, 3005 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kang, J., Chen, Y., Sigler, D., Carlson, B., Wilkinson, D.S., Procedia Eng . 114, 149 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mishra, R.S., De, P.S., Kumar, N., Friction Stir Welding and Processing: Science and Engineering (Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, W.T., Gibson, B.T., Reynolds, J.T., Strauss, A.M., Cook, G.E., Manuf. Lett. 5, 25 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kandasamy, K., Schultz, J.P., US Patent US9511446B2, (December 6, 2016).Google Scholar
Ross, K., Reza-E-Rabby, Md., McDonnell, M., Whalen, S.A., Scr. Mater. 148, 63 (2018).Google Scholar
Aström, K.J., Murray, R.M., Feedback Systems: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NI, 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ross, K., Sorensen, C., “Paradigm Shift in Control of the Spindle Axis,” in Friction Stir Welding and Processing VII, Mishra, R., Mahoney, M.W., Sato, Y., Hovanski, Y., Verma, R., Eds., (Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, 2013), pp. 321328.Google Scholar
Ross, K.A., “Investigation and Implementation of a Robust Temperature Control Algorithm for Friction Stir Welding,” MS thesis, Brigham Young University (2012), https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/etd/3919.Google Scholar
Ross, K., “Temperature Control in Friction Stir Welding for Industrial and Research Applications,” 10th Int. Symp. on Frict. Stir Weld. (Beijing, China, 2014).Google Scholar
Ross, K., Grant, G., Darsell, J., Catalini, D., in Friction Stir Welding and Processing IX, Hovanski, Y., Mishra, R., Sato, Y., Upadhyay, P., Yan, D., Eds. (Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, 2017), pp. 269275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ross, K., Sorensen, C., in Friction Stir Welding and Processing VII, Mishra, R., Mahoney, M.W., Sato, Y., Hovanski, Y., Verma, R., Eds. (Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, 2013), pp. 301310.Google Scholar
Reza-E-Rabby, M., Ross, K., Whalen, S., Hovanski, Y., McDonnell, M., in Friction Stir Welding and Processing IX, Hovanski, Y., Mishra, R., Sato, Y., Upadhyay, P., Yan, D., Eds. (Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2017), pp. 6777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, Y., Nakata, K., Metall. Mater. Trans. A 39, 1985 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coelho, R., Kostka, A., Dos Santos, J., Kaysser-Pyzalla, A., Mater. Sci. Eng. A 556, 175 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Das, H., Basak, S., Das, G., Pal, T.K., Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 64, 1653 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Das, H., Ghosh, R., Pal, T., Metall. Mater. Trans. A 45, 5098 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dehghani, M., Amadeh, A., Mousavi, S.A., Mater. Des. 49, 433 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Derazkola, H.A., Aval, H.J., Elyasi, M., Sci. Technol. Weld. Join. 20, 553 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haghshenas, M., Abdel-Gwad, A., Omran, A.M., Gökçe, B., Sahraeinejad, S., Gerlich, A.P., Mater. Des. 55, 442 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lan, S., Liu, X., Ni, J., Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 82, 2183 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, X., Lan, S., Ni, J., Mater. Des. 59, 50 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Movahedi, M., Kokabi, A., Reihani, S.S., Cheng, W., Wang, C., Mater. Des. 44, 487 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van der Rest, C., Jacques, P.J., Simar, A., Scr. Mater. 77, 25 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, T., Sidhar, H., Mishra, R.S., Hovanski, Y., Upadhyay, P., Carlson, B., Sci. Technol. Weld. Join. 23, 249 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yazdipour, A., Heidarzadeh, A., Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 87, 3105 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yazdipour, A., Heidarzadeh, A., J. Alloys Compd. 680, 595 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, S., Ni, J., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Bi, Q., Zhao, Y., Liu, X., J. Mater. Process. Technol. 261, 39, (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zheng, Q., Feng, X., Shen, Y., Huang, G., Zhao, P., J. Alloys Compd. 686, 693 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 20
Total number of PDF views: 146 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 05th August 2019 - 15th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-77fc7d77f9-xbf5p Total loading time: 0.395 Render date: 2021-01-15T16:03:45.397Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags last update: Fri Jan 15 2021 15:50:24 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time) Feature Flags: { "metrics": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "peerReview": true, "crossMark": true, "comments": true, "relatedCommentaries": true, "subject": true, "clr": true, "languageSwitch": true, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Advances in dissimilar metals joining through temperature control of friction stir welding
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Advances in dissimilar metals joining through temperature control of friction stir welding
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Advances in dissimilar metals joining through temperature control of friction stir welding
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *