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Synthesis of Platinum nanoparticles by Gamma Radiolysis

  • Takalani Cele (a1) (a2), Malik Maaza (a1) (a2) and Alain Gibaud (a3)

Abstract

The synthesis of Platinum (Pt) nanoparticles by gamma irradiation is presented. The 0.1 M Pt solution of different concentration was prepared from K2PtCl4. The platinum aqueous solutions were irradiated by gamma radiation at a dose of 70, 90 and 120 kGy. The findings show the effect of irradiation on PtII solutions with different concentrations. The big black particles that are fairly agglomerated when the concentration was above 0.0050 M were observed. The UV-Vis spectrum of Pt of different concentrations shows a strong absorption peak at the wavelength 261 nm after irradiation, which indicates the presence of platinum nanoparticles. Furthermore, FTIR, XRD and HRTEM images also confirmed the presence of the nanoparticles produced by Radiolysis. The size of the Pt nanoparticles was found to be 7.39 nm.

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*Correspondence author: tmadima@yahoo.com

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