Skip to main content Accessibility help

Carbon Nanomaterials in Flames: from 0-D to 1-D and 2-D

  • Chengzhi Luo (a1) (a2), Lingmin Liao (a2) (a3), Xiang Qi (a2) (a4), Yueli Liu (a2) (a5), Bing Cao (a1) (a2), Jun Zhang (a2) (a6), Yupeng Zhang (a2) (a7), Qiaoliang Bao (a2) (a7) and Chunxu Pan (a1) (a2)...


Carbon nanomaterials are viewed as promising building blocks of future nanotechnology because of their superior electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Carbon nanomaterials can be synthesized by a variety of methods, in which flames offer a potential route in large quantities at a significantly lower cost. Our group has worked on growth of carbon nanomaterials involving carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and graphenes in flames for more than 15 years, and almost 100 journal papers have been published. In this paper, we review the advances in synthesis of carbon nanomaterials from flames in detail together with discussion on the major challenges and opportunities for practical applications.


Corresponding author


Hide All
1.Saito, R., Fujita, M., Dresselhaus, G. and Dresselhaus, M. S., Phys. Rev. B 46, 1804 (1992).
2.Li, G., Xie, T., Yang, S., Jin, J. and Jiang, J., J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 9196 (2012).
3.Luo, C., Li, D.g, Wu, W., Yu, C., Li, W. and Pan, C., Appl. Catal. B: Environmental 166–167, 217 (2015).
4.Novoselov, K. S., Geim, A. K., Morozov, S. V., Jiang, D., Katsnelson, M. I., Grigorieva, I. V., Dubonos, S. V. and Firsov, A. A., Nature 438, 197 (2005).
5.Geim, A. K. and Novoselov, K. S., Nat. Mater. 6, 183 (2007).
6.Shi, Z., Lian, Y., Zhou, X., Gu, Z., Zhang, Y., Iijima, S., Zhou, L., Yue, K. T. and Zhang, S., Carbon 37, 1449 (1999).
7.Guo, T., Nikolaev, P., Thess, A., Colbert, D. T. and Smalley, R. E., Chem. Phys. Lett. 243, 49 (1995).
8.Fan, S., Chapline, M. G., Franklin, N. R., Tombler, T. W., Cassell, A. M. and Dai, H., Science 283, 512 (1999).
9.Xu, F., Liu, X. and Tse, S. D.. Carbon 44, 570 (2006).
10.Pan, C., Liu, Y., Cao, F., Wang, J. and Ren, Y.. Micron 35, 461 (2004).
11.Lignell, D. O., Chen, J. H., Smith, P. J., Lu, T. and Law, C. K.. Combustion and Flame 151, 2 (2007).
12.Du, J. and Axelbaum, R. L.. Combustion and Flame 100, 367 (1995).
13.Hou, S. S., Chung, D. H., Lin, T. H.. Carbon 47, 938 (2009).
14.Donnet, J. B., Oulanti, H., Le Huu, T., Schmitt, M.. Carbon 44, 374 (2006).
15.Luo, C., Fu, Q. and Pan, C., Sci. Rep. 5, 9062 (2015).
16.Bao, Q. and Pan, C., Nanotechnology 17, 1016 (2006).
17.Bao, Q., Zhang, H. and Pan, C., Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 063124 (2006).
18.Zhang, J. and Pan, C., J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13470 (2008).
19.Liu, Y., Fu, Q. and Pan, C.u, Carbon 43, 2264 (2005).
20.Bao, Q., Bao, S., Li, C. M., Qi, X., Pan, C., Zang, J., Lu, Z., Li, Y., Tang, D. Y., Zhang, S. and Lian, K., J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 3612 (2008).
21.Liao, L., Wang, X., Fang, P., Liew, K. M. and Pan, C.. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3, 534 (2011).
22.Liao, L., Fang, P. and Pan, C., J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10, 1 (2010).
23.Cao, B., Zhang, B., Jiang, X., Zhang, Y. and Pan, C.. J. Power Sources 196, 7868 (2011).
24.Qi, X., Bao, Q., Li, C. M., Gan, Y., Song, Q., Pan, C and Tang, D. Y., Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 113113 (2008).
25.Wei, D. C., Liu, Y. Q., Wang, Y., Zhang, H. L., Huang, L. P., Yu, G., Nano Lett. 9, 1752 (2009).
26.Jafri, R. I., Rajalakshmi, N. and Ramaprabhu, S., J. Mater. Chem. 20, 7114 (2010).
27.Panchakarla, L. S., Subrahmanyam, K. S., Saha, S. K., Govindaraj, Achutharao, Krishnamurthy, H. R., Waghmare, U. V. and Rao, C. N. R., Adv. Mater. 21, 4726 (2009).
28.Zhang, Y., Cao, B., Zhang, B., Qi, X. and Pan, C.. Thin Solid Films 520, 6850 (2012).
29.Li, D., Yu, C., Wang, M., Zhanga, Y. and Pan, C.. RSC Adv. 4, 55394 (2014).


Carbon Nanomaterials in Flames: from 0-D to 1-D and 2-D

  • Chengzhi Luo (a1) (a2), Lingmin Liao (a2) (a3), Xiang Qi (a2) (a4), Yueli Liu (a2) (a5), Bing Cao (a1) (a2), Jun Zhang (a2) (a6), Yupeng Zhang (a2) (a7), Qiaoliang Bao (a2) (a7) and Chunxu Pan (a1) (a2)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.