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Overview of Si Tandem Solar Cells and Approaches to PV-Powered Vehicle Applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 January 2020

Masafumi Yamaguchi
Affiliation:
Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
Kan-Hua Lee
Affiliation:
Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
Daisuke Sato
Affiliation:
Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
Kenji Araki
Affiliation:
Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
Nobuaki Kojima
Affiliation:
Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
Tatsuya Takamoto
Affiliation:
Sharp Corporation, Nara, Japan
Taizo Masuda
Affiliation:
Toyota Motor Corporation, Shizuoka, Japan
Akinori Satou
Affiliation:
Toyota Motor Corporation, Shizuoka, Japan
Corresponding
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Abstract

Development of high-efficiency solar cell modules and new application fields are significant for the further development of photovoltaics (PV) and creation of new clean energy infrastructure based on PV. Especially, development of PV-powered EV applications is desirable and very important for this end. This paper shows analytical results for efficiency potential of various solar cells for choosing candidates of high-efficiency solar cell modules for automobile applications. As a result of analysis, Si tandem solar cells are thought to be some of their candidates. This paper also overviews efficiency potential and recent activities of various Si tandem solar cells such as III-V/Si, II-VI/Si, chalcopyrite/Si, perovskite/Si and nanowire/Si tandem solar cells. The III-V/Si tandem solar cells are expected to have a high potential for various applications because of high efficiency with efficiencies of more than 36% for 2-junction and 42 % for 3-junction tandem solar cells under 1-sun AM1.5 G, lightweight and low-cost potential. Recent results for our 28.2 % efficiency and Sharp’s 33% mechanically stacked InGaP/GaAs/Si 3-junction solar cell are also presented. Approaches to automobile application by using III-V/Si tandem solar cells and static low concentration are presented.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2020

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