Barstowite, ideally 3PbCl2.PbCO3.H2O is a new mineral from a lead-antimony vein at the south-western end of Bounds Cliff, St Endellion, Cornwall. It occurs as very small (0.2–0.5 mm) subparallel elongate intergrown crystals which form aggregates (up to 3 mm) containing minor inclusions of galena and jamesonite. Other associated minerals are quartz, dolomite, phosgenite, cerussite, sphalerite, pyrite and chalcopyrite. Barstowite is colourless to white and is transparent with an adamantine lustre and white streak. It is brittle, has an imperfect prismatic cleavage, and an uneven fracture. Low reflecting, barstowite has a moderate bireflectance from grey to dark grey in hue and weak to moderate anisotropy. Internal reflections (colourless) are abundant. Measured reflectance values in air and oil are tabulated. Colour values relative to the CIE illuminant C for R
1 and R
2 in air respectively are: Y% 12.9, 13.3; λ
d 477, 476; P
e% 3.5, 3.7. VHN100 111 (range 108–117); calculated Mohs hardness is 3. Infrared spectra of barstowite, phosgenite and cerussite are compared.
X-ray studies show that barstowite is monoclinic with space group P21/m and a 4.218(2), b 9.180(2), c 16.673(4) Å, β 91.49(3)°. It has a cell volume of 645.38 Å3 with Z = 2. D
calc. is 5.76 g/cm3, D
meas. is 5.71 g/cm3. The strongest six lines of the X-ray powder pattern are [d in Å (I) (hkl)] 4.02 (10) (022); 2.296(8) (040;
; 106); 2.377(6) (007; 026); 4.16(5) (004); 2.108(4) (200); 3.79(3) (014). The name is for the late Richard William Barstow, the Cornish mineral dealer.