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Bytízite, a new Cu-Sb selenide from Příbram, Czech Republic

  • Pavel Škácha (a1) (a2), Jiří Sejkora (a2) and Jakub Plášil (a3)

Abstract

The new mineral bytízite was found in the dump of shaft No. 16, one of the mines in the Příbram uranium and base-metal district, central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Bytízite is associated with chaméanite, příbramite, giraudite, berzelianite, umangite, eskebornite, hakite, tetrahedrite, bukovite, crookesite and uraninite in a calcite-dominant gangue. The new mineral occurs as anhedral grains up to 40 µm, growing together in aggregates up to 300 µm across. Bytízite is steel-grey in colour and has a metallic lustre. Mohs hardness is ca. 2–3; the calculated density is 6.324 g cm–3. In reflected light bytízite is grey with a yellowish hue, yellowish and brownish. Bireflectance and pleochroism are weak. Anisotropy is strong with grey to brownish rotation tints. Internal reflections were not observed. The empirical formula, based on electron-microprobe analyses, is (Cu3.00Fe0.01Ag0.01)3.02(Sb0.97As0.06)1.03Se2.94. The ideal formula is Cu3SbSe3, which requires Cu 34.71, Sb 22.16 and Se 43.13, total 100.00 wt.%. Bytízite is orthorhombic, Pnma, a = 7.9594(12), b = 10.5830(14), c = 6.8240(11) Å, with V = 574.82(15) Å3 and Z = 4. The strongest reflections of the calculated powder X-ray diffraction pattern [d, Å (I)(hkl)] are: 3.73(37)(210), 3.27(62)(211), 2.867(40)(022), 2.698(100)(122) and 2.646(37)(040). According to the single-crystal X-ray diffraction data (Robs = 0.0437), bytízite is isostructural with synthetic Cu3SbSe3. The structure of bytízite contains two Cu, one Sb, and two Se sites (the latter is occupied both by Se and S atoms). In the structure of both synthetic Cu3SbSe3 and bytízite, there are groups of three cis-edge-sharing tetrahedra [Cu3Se8], which are interlinked to a 3D framework by SbSe3 groups. Bytízite is named after its type locality, the Bytíz deposit, near the village Bytíz.

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Associate Editor: Andrew Christy

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Bytízite, a new Cu-Sb selenide from Příbram, Czech Republic

  • Pavel Škácha (a1) (a2), Jiří Sejkora (a2) and Jakub Plášil (a3)

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