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Reznitskyite, CaMg(VO4)F, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia and the first vanadate with a titanite-type structure

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 March 2022

Natalia N. Koshlyakova*
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Igor V. Pekov
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Marina F. Vigasina
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Natalia V. Zubkova
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Atali A. Agakhanov
Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 18-2, 119071 Moscow, Russia
Sergey N. Britvin
St. Petersburg State University, University Emb. 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
Evgeny G. Sidorov
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Piip Boulevard 9, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
Dmitry Yu. Pushcharovsky
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
*Author for correspondence: Natalia N. Koshlyakova, Email:


Reznitskyite, ideally CaMg(VO4)F, is a new mineral species of the tilasite group from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Northern Breakthrough of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. It occurs as zones (usually up to 0.05 mm thick) in crystals of V- and P-containing tilasite or as homogeneous grains up to 0.1 mm across. It was found in polymineralic sublimate encrustations in association with minerals of the svabite–fluorapatite–pliniusite system and the schäferite–berzeliite, tilasite–isokite, wagnerite–arsenowagnerite and udinaite–arsenudinaite series. The mineral assemblage also includes calciojohillerite, diopside, forsterite, titanite, rhabdoborite-(V), rhabdoborite-(W), rhabdoborite-(Mo), ludwigite, powellite, scheelite, hematite, baryte and magnesioferrite. Reznitskyite is transparent or semi-transparent, colourless, with vitreous lustre. Dcalc. = 3.453 g cm–3. Under the microscope, in reflected light reznitskyite is grey, non-pleochroic, with very weak bireflectance (ΔR589 nm = 0.5%) and distinct anisotropy. Reznitskyite is the first vanadate with a titanite-type structure. It is monoclinic, space group C2/c, a = 6.6912(7), b = 8.9395(7), c = 7.0587(8) Å, β = 113.078(13)°, V = 388.43(8) Å3 and Z = 4. The strongest reflections of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern are [d in Å(I)(hkl)]: 3.082(100)(200), 3.250(66)($\bar{1}$12, 002), 2.631(44)(022), 2.854(34)($\bar{2}$02), 2.683(33)(130), 3.686(26)(021), 2.531(25)(220), 1.749(25)($\bar{3}$32, $\bar{2}$04) and 2.344(24)(131). Electron microprobe analysis gave (wt.%) MgO 20.44, CaO 26.83, P2O5 6.24, V2O5 21.09, As2O5 18.97, SO3 0.47, F 9.42, –O=F –3.97, with a total of 99.49. The empirical formula of reznitskyite, calculated on the basis of O+F = 5 atoms per formula unit, is: Ca0.97Mg1.03(V0.47As0.33P0.18S0.01)Σ0.99O3.99F1.01. Reznitskyite is a vanadate analogue of tilasite CaMg(AsO4)F and isokite CaMg(PO4)F. The mineral is named in honour of the outstanding Russian mineralogist Leonid Zinovievich Reznitsky (born 1938) who has made significant contribution to the mineralogy of vanadium.

Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

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Deceased 20 March 2021

Associate Editor: Anthony R Kampf


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