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Gatedalite, Zr(Mn2+ 2Mn3+ 4)SiO12, a new mineral species of the braunite group from Långban, Sweden

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2018

Ulf Hålenius
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden
Ferdinando Bosi
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome, Italy CNR-IGG Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Sede di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome, Italy
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Abstract

Gatedalite, Zr(Mn2 2+Mn4 3+)SiO12, is a new mineral of the braunite group. It is found in hausmannite-impregnated skarn together with jacobsite, Mn-bearing calcite, tephroite, Mn-bearing phlogopite, långbanite, pinakiolite and oxyplumboroméite at the Långban Mn-Fe oxide deposit, Värmland, central Sweden. The mineral occurs as very rare, small (≤60 μm), grey, submetallic, irregularly rounded anhedral grains. Gatedalite has a calculated density of 4.783 g/cm3. It is opaque and weakly anisotropic with reflectivity in air varying between 17.1 and 20.8% in the visible spectral range. Gatedalite is tetragonal, space group I41/acd, with the unit-cell parameters a = 9.4668(6) Å, c = 18.8701(14) Å, V = 1691.1(2) Å3 and Z = 8. The crystal structure was refined to an R1 index of 5.09% using 1339 unique reflections collected with MoKαX-ray radiation. The five strongest powder X-ray diffraction lines [d in Å, (I), (hkl)] are: 2.730(100)(224), 2.367(12)(040), 1.6735(12)(440), 1.6707(29)(048) and 1.4267(16)(264). Electron microprobe analyses in combination with single-crystal structure refinement resulted in the empirical formula: (Zr0.49 4+Mn0.40 2+Mg0.07Ca0.02Zn0.01Ce0.01 3+)Σ1.00(Mn4.44 3+Fe0.59 3+Mn0.57 2+Mg0.41Al0.01)Σ6.02Si0.99O12. Gatedalite is a member of the braunite group (general formula AB6SiO12). It is related to braunite (Mn2+Mn6 3+SiO12) through the net cation exchange (Zr4+ + Mn2+) → 2Mn3+, which results from the substitutions Zr4+ → Mn2+ at the 8-fold coordinated site (A in the general formula) coupled with a 2Mn2+ → 2Mn3+ substitution at the 6-fold coordinated sites (B in the general formula).

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2015

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References

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Gatedalite, Zr(Mn2+ 2Mn3+ 4)SiO12, a new mineral species of the braunite group from Långban, Sweden
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