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Ammoniovoltaite, (NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18, a new mineral from the Severo-Kambalny geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 May 2018

Elena S. Zhitova*
Affiliation:
Department of Crystallography, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab. 7/9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia Geothermal laboratory, Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Bulvar Piypa 9, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky 683006, Russia
Oleg I. Siidra
Affiliation:
Department of Crystallography, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab. 7/9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia Nanomaterials Research Center, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Murmansk region, 184200, Russia
Dmitry I. Belakovsky
Affiliation:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Leninsky prospect 18-2, Moscow 117071, Russia
Vladimir V. Shilovskikh
Affiliation:
Resource Center, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab. 7/9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia
Anton A. Nuzhdaev
Affiliation:
Geothermal laboratory, Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Bulvar Piypa 9, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky 683006, Russia
Rezeda M. Ismagilova
Affiliation:
Department of Crystallography, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab. 7/9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia
*

Abstract

Ammoniovoltaite, (NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18, is a new voltaite-group mineral. The mineral was discovered at the Severo-Kambalny (North-Kambalny) geothermal field, Kambalny volcanic ridge, Southern Kamchatka, Russia. Ammoniovoltaite forms at ~100°C around geothermal gas/steam vents in association with alunogen, tschermigite and pyrite. Crystals of ammoniovoltaite have euhedral habit, are up to 50 µm in size and grow on alunogen plates. Ammoniovoltaite is black with vitreous lustre, opaque, brittle and water-soluble. Neither cleavage nor parting is found, the fracture is conchoidal. The mineral is isotropic, with the refractive index n = 1.602(2) (589 nm). Infrared spectra contain an absorption band at 1433 cm–1 distinctive for the ammonium ion. The chemical composition is (iron content is given in accordance with Mössbauer data, H2O calculated from a crystal-structure refinement, wt.%): FeO 13.26, Fe2O3 11.58, MgO 2.33, ZnO 0.04, Al2O3 2.74, SO3 47.46, K2O 0.19, CaO 0.11, (NH4)2O 2.96, H2O 16.03, total 96.70. The empirical formula based on S = 12 atoms per formula unit is [(NH4)1.88K0.08Ca0.04]Σ2.00(Fe2+3.74Mg1.17Fe3+0.05Zn0.01)Σ4.97(Fe3+2.89Al0.09)Σ2.98Al1.00(SO4)12.00(H2O)18.00. The crystal structure has been refined to R1 = 0.031 and 0.030 on the basis of 1217 and 1462 unique reflections with I >2σ(I) collected at 100 K and room temperature, respectively. Ammoniovoltaite is the ammonium analogue of voltaite. The mineral is cubic, Fd$\bar{3}$c, a = 27.250(1) Å and V = 20234(3) Å3 (at 100 K); and a = 27.322(1) Å and V = 20396(3) Å3 (at RT), with Z = 16. The strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [d, Å (I, %) (hkl)] are: 9.67 (74) (022), 7.90 (56) (222), 5.58 (84) (422), 3.560 (100) (731), 3.418 (100) (008) and 2.8660 (37) (931). A brief review of ammonium minerals from various volcanically active geological environments is given.

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Article
Copyright
Copyright © Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2018 

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Footnotes

Associate Editor: Anthony Kampf

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Ammoniovoltaite, (NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18, a new mineral from the Severo-Kambalny geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia
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