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A Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of CoFe2O4 Ferrite Nanoparticles in Silica Aerogel Matrix Using HREM and STEM Imaging and EDX Spectroscopy and EELS

  • Andrea Falqui (a1) (a2), Anna Corrias (a1), Peng Wang (a3), Etienne Snoeck (a4) and Gavin Mountjoy (a1)...

Abstract

Magnetic nanocomposite materials consisting of 5 and 10 wt% CoFe2O4 nanoparticles in a silica aerogel matrix have been synthesized by the sol-gel method. For the CoFe2O4-10wt% sample, bright-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (BF STEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HREM) images showed distinct, rounded CoFe2O4 nanoparticles, with typical diameters of roughly 8 nm. For the CoFe2O4-5wt% sample, BF STEM images and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) measurements showed CoFe2O4 nanoparticles with diameters of roughly 3 ± 1 nm. EDX measurements indicate that all nanoparticles consist of stoichiometric CoFe2O4, and electron energy-loss spectroscopy measurements from lines crossing nanoparticles in the CoFe2O4-10wt% sample show a uniform composition within nanoparticles, with a precision of at best than ±0.5 nm in analysis position. BF STEM images obtained for the CoFe2O4-10wt% sample showed many “needle-like” nanostructures that typically have a length of ∼10 nm and a width of ∼1 nm, and frequently appear to be attached to nanoparticles. These needle-like nanostructures are observed to contain layers with interlayer spacing 0.33 ± 0.1 nm, which could be consistent with Co silicate hydroxide, a known precursor phase in these nanocomposite materials.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author. E-mail: g.mountjoy@kent.ac.uk

References

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