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Meso-Scale Transmission Electron Microscope Tomography Applied for Wax Distribution in Toner Particles

  • Mino Yang (a1) (a2), Jun-Ho Lee (a1) (a2), Hee-Goo Kim (a1), Euna Kim (a1), Young-Nam Kwon (a1), Jin-Gyu Kim (a3) and Cheol-Woong Yang (a2)...

Abstract

Distribution of wax in laser printer toner was observed using an ultra-high-voltage (UHV) and a medium-voltage transmission electron microscope (TEM). As the radius of the wax spans a hundred to greater than a thousand nanometers, its three-dimensional recognition via TEM requires large depth of focus (DOF) for a volumetric specimen. A tomogram with a series of the captured images would allow the determination of their spatial distribution. In this study, bright-field (BF) images acquired with UHV-TEM at a high tilt angle prevented the construction of the tomogram. Conversely, the Z-contrast images acquired by the medium-voltage TEM produced a successful tomogram. The spatial resolution for both is discussed, illustrating that the image degradation was primarily caused by beam divergence of the Z-contrast image and the combination of DOF and chromatic aberration of the BF image from the UHV-TEM.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. E-mail: cwyang@skku.edu

References

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