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Influence of surface conditions on fatigue strength through the numerical simulation of microstructure*

  • A. Le Pecheur (a1) (a2), M. Clavel (a1), F. Curtit (a2), C. Rey (a1), J.-M. Stephan (a2) and P. Bompard (a1)...

Abstract

A thermal fatigue test (INTHERPOL) was developed by EDF in order to study the initiation of cracks. These tests are carried out on tubular specimens under various thermal loadings and surface finish qualities in order to give an account of these parameters on crack initiation. The main topic of this study is to test the sensitivity of different fatigue criteria to surface conditions using a micro/macro modelling approach. Therefore a 304L polycrystalline aggregate, used for cyclic plasticity based FE modelling, have been considered as a Representative Volume Element located at the surface and subsurface of the test tube. This aggregate has been cyclically strained according to the results issued from FE simulation of INTHERPOL thermal fatigue experiment. Different surface parameters have been numerically simulated: effects of local microstructure and of grains orientation, effects of machining: metallurgical prehardening, residual stress gradient, and surface roughness. Three different fatigue criteria (Manson Coffin, Fatemi Socie and dissipated energy types), previously fitted at a macroscale for thermal fatigue of 304L, have been computed at a meso scale, in order to show the surface “hot spots” features and test the sensitivity of these three criteria to different surface conditions. Results show that grain orientation and neighbouring play an important role on the location of hot spots, and also that the positive effect of prestraining and the negative effect of roughness on fatigue life are not all similarly predicted by these different fatigue criteria.

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