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Photoluminescence and Cathodoluminescence of GaN doped with Pr

  • H. J. Lozykowski (a1), W. M. Jadwisienczak (a2) and I. Brown (a3)

Abstract

In this paper we have reported the observation of visible photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL) of Pr implanted in GaN. The implanted samples were given isochronal thermal annealing treatments at a temperature of 11000 C in NH3, N2, Ar2, and in forming gas N2 +H2, at atmospheric pressure to recover implantation damages and activate the rare earth ions. The sharp characteristic emission lines corresponding to Pr3+ intra-4fn -shell transitions are resolved in the spectral range from 350 nm to 1150 nm, and observed over the temperature range of 12 K-335 K. The PL and CL decay kinetics measurement was performed for 3P1, 3P0 and 1D2 levels.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

1Electronic address: lozykows@bobcat.ent.ohiou.edu

Footnotes

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2

Permanent address: Institute of Physics, Laboratory of Solid State Optoelectronics, Nicholas Copernicus University, Grudziadzka 5, 87-400 Torun, Poland

Footnotes

References

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1. Steckl, A. J., Birkhahn, R., App. Phys. Lett. 73, 1700 (1999).
2. a) Lozykowski, H. J., Jadwisienczak, W. M., and Brown, I., Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1129 (1999); b) H. J. Lozykowski, W. M. Jadwisienczak, and I. Brown, Solid State Commun. 110, 253 (1999).
3. a) Birkhahn, R., Garter, M. and Steckl, A. J., App. Phys. Lett. 74, 2161 (1999); b) J. Heikenfeld, M. Garter, D. S. Lee, R. Birkhahn and A. J. Steckl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1189 (1999).
4. a) Brown, M.R., Cox, A.F. J., Shand, W. A. and Williams, J. M., Adv.Guantum Electronics, 2, 69 (1974), b) P. Boguslawski, E. L. Briggs and J. Bernholc, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17 255 (1995).
5. Dalmer, M., Restle, M., Stotzler, A., Vetter, U., Hofsass, H., Bremser, M. D., Ronning, C., Davis, R. F., and the ISOLDE Collaboration, MRS Proc. 482, 1021 (1998).
6. Lozykowski, H. J., Phys. Rev. B 48, 17 758 (1993), and reference therein.
7. a) Dieke, G. H.: Spectra and Energy Levels of Rare Earth Ions in Crystals, ed Crosswhite, H. M. and Crosswhite, H. (Interscience Publishers Inc., 1968); b) J. P. M. Van Vliet and G. Blasse, Chem. Phys. Lett. 143, 221 (1988).

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