We have investigated the use of focused ion beam (FIB) etching for the fabrication of GaN-based devices. Although work has shown that conventional reactive ion etching (RIE) is in most cases appropriate for the GaN device fabrication, the direct write facility of FIB etching – a well-established technique for optical mask repair and for IC failure analysis and repair – without the requirement for depositing an etch mask is invaluable. A gallium ion beam of about 20nm diameter was used to sputter GaN material. The etching rate depends linearly on the ion dose per area with a slope of 3.5 × 10−4 μm3/pC. At a current of 3nA, for example, this corresponds to an each rate of 1.05 μm3/s. Good etching qualities have been achieved with a side wall roughness significantly below 0.1 μm. Change in the roughness of the etched surface plane stay below 8nm.