Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Distribution of barnacles and dominance of the introduced species Elminius modestus along two estuaries in South-West England

  • J.G.F. Gomes-Filho (a1) (a2), S.J. Hawkins (a3), R. Aquino-Souza (a2) (a4) and R.C. Thompson (a1)

Abstract

Estuaries often show clearly recognizable changes in the distribution of organisms along environmental gradients from riverine to fully marine conditions. Surveys performed along the horizontal axis of the Plym and the Yealm Estuaries identified patterns of distribution and abundance of intertidal barnacles and provided a new assessment on the dominance exhibited by the non-native species Elminius modestus in these estuaries. Elminius modestus occurred furthest up in estuaries and was dominant along most of their length, with the exception of few sites closest to the sea; Chthamalus montagui had the most restricted degree of penetration up-estuary; and Semibalanus balanoides occurred at low abundances, with limits of penetration located between those of C. montagui and E. modestus. At many sites, E. modestus was the only barnacle species found. There were changes in the relative abundances of these three species in several particular locations within the Plym and the Yealm in comparison to previous accounts made in the last decades, which, in most cases led to increased dominance of E. modestus. This was mainly due to reductions in the abundances of S. balanoides. Physico-chemical conditions experienced after settlement, especially deposition of silt, exposure and salinity regime contribute to the patterns described here.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: J.G.F. Gomes-Filho, Departamento de Biologia, CCN–UFPI, Campus Ministro Petrônio Portela—Ininga, CEP. 64. 049-550, Teresina, PI, Brazil Email: gerardogomes@yahoo.com.br

References

Hide All
Allen, B.M., Power, A.M., O'Riordan, R.M., Myers, A.A. and McGrath, D. (2006) Increases in the abundance of the invasive barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in Ireland. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 106B, 155161.
Aller, R.C. and Dodge, R.E. (1974) Animal–sediment relations in a tropical lagoon Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Journal of Marine Research 32, 209231.
Attrill, M.J. and Thomas, R.M. (1996) Long-term distribution patterns of mobile estuarine invertebrates (Ctenophora, Cnidaria, Crustacea: Decapoda) in relation to hydrological parameters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 143, 2536.
Barnes, H. (1989) Egg production in cirripedes. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 27, 91166.
Barnes and Barnes (1958) A note on the opening response of Balanus balanoides (L.) in relation to salinity and certain inorganic ions. Veroffentlich des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven 5, 160164.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1960a) Recent spread and present distribution of the barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in north-west Europe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 135, 137145.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1960b) Elminius modestus in south-west Scotland. Nature 186, 989–980.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1961) Recent spread and present distribution of the barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in south-west Scotland. Glasgow Naturalist 18, 121129.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1962) The growth rate of Elminius modestus (Crust., Cirripedia) in Scotland. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 47, 481486.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1965) Elminius modestus (Darwin): further European records. Progress in Oceanography 3, 2330.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1968) Egg numbers, metabolic efficiency of egg production and fecundity: local and regional variations in numbers of species of barnacles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 32, 107127.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1969) Elminius modestus Darwin: records of its present distribution and abundance in the Baie de St Malo and in the region of St Jean-de-Luz. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 3, 156161.
Barnes, H. and Stone, R.L. (1972) New record for Elminius modestus Darwin in western Scotland (Cirripedia, Thoracica). Crustaceana 23, 309310.
Bishop, M.W.H. (1947) Establishment of an immigrant barnacle in British coastal waters. Nature 159, 501502.
Boyden, C.R., Crothers, J.H., Little, C. and Mettam, C. (1977) The intertidal invertebrate fauna of the Severn Estuary. Field Studies 4, 477554.
Burrows, M.T. (1988) The comparative biology of Chthamalus stellatus (Poli) and Chthamalus montagui Southward. PhD thesis. University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
Carriker, M.R. (1961) Interrelation of functional morphology, behaviour and autoecology in early stages of the bivalve Mercenaria mercenaria. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 77, 168241.
Carriker, M.R. (1967) Ecology of estuarine benthic invertebrates: a perspective. In Lauff, G.H. (ed.) Estuaries. Washington, DC: AAAS, pp. 443487.
Castaing, P. and Guilcher, A. (1995) Geomorphology and sedimentology of rias. In Perillo, G.M.E. (ed.) Geomorphology and sedimentology of estuaries, developments in sedimentology. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, pp. 115.
Cawthorne, D.F. (1978) Tolerance of some cirripede nauplii to fluctuating salinities. Marine Biology 46, 321325.
Cawthorne, D.F. (1979) A comparative study of the closure responses of some cirripede species exposed to falling seawater concentrations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 59, 811817.
Cawthorne, D.F. and Davenport, J. (1980) The effect of fluctuating temperature, salinity, and aerial exposure upon larval release in Balanus balanoides and Elminius modestus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 60, 367377.
Crisp, D.J. (1958) The spread of Elminius modestus Darwin in north-west Europe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 37, 483520.
Crisp, D.J. and Davies, P.A. (1955) Observations in vivo on the breeding of Elminius modestus grown on glass slides. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 34, 357380.
Crisp, D.J. and Southward, A.J. (1959) The further spread of Elminius modestus in the British Isles to 1959. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 38, 429437.
Crisp, D.J., Southward, A.J. and Southward, E.C. (1981) On the distribution of the intertidal Chthamalus stellatus, Chthamalus montagui and Euraphia depressa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 61, 359380.
Davenport, J.D. (1976) A comparative study of the behaviour of some balanomorph barnacles exposed to fluctuating seawater concentrations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56, 889907.
Day, J.H. (1959) The biology of Langebaan Lagoon: a study of the effect of shelter from wave action. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 35, 475547.
Den Hartog, C. (1953) Immigration, dissemination and ecology of Elminius modestus Darwin in the North Sea, especially along the Dutch Coast. Beaufortia 33, 920.
Den Hartog, C. (1956) Speculations on the immigration of the barnacle Elminius modestus in France. Beaufortia 5, 141142.
Dixon, I.M.T. (1986) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Exe Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 670 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/52/85), 54 pp.
Ellis, J.I., Cummings, V., Hewitt, J., Thrush, S. and Norkko, A. (2002) Determining effects of suspended sediment on condition of a suspension feeding bivalve (Atrina zelandica): results of a survey, a laboratory experiment and a field transplant experiment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 267, 147174.
Fischer-Piette, E. (1965) Suite d'expansion sur la côte atlantic française du cirripede Austral Elminius modestus Darwin. Bulletin du Muséum National de Histoire Naturelle 7, 466468.
Fischer-Piette, E. and Forrest, J. (1961) Nouveuax progrés du cirripede austral Elminius modestus Darwin sur les côtes atlantics françaises et ibériques. Crustaceana 2, 293299.
Fisher-Piette, E. and Prenant, M. (1956) Distribution des cirripedes intercotideaux d'Espagne septentrionale. Bulletin du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Scientifiques de Biarritz 1, 719.
Fisher-Piette, E. and Prenant, M. (1957) Quelques données écologiques sur les cirripedes du Portugal, de l'Espagne du Sud et du Nord du Maroc. Bulletin du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Scientiques de Biarritz 1, 361368.
Flowerdew, M.W. (1984) Electrophoretic comparison of the antipodean cirripede, Elminius modestus, with immigrant European populations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 64, 625635.
Foster, B.A. (1969) Tolerance of high temperatures by some intertidal barnacles. Marine Biology 4, 326332.
Foster, B.A. (1970) Responses and acclimation to salinity in the adults of some balanomorph barnacles. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 256, 377400.
Foster, B.A. (1971) Desiccation as a factor in the intertidal zonation of barnacles. Marine Biology 8, 1290.
Foster, B.A. (1978) The marine fauna of New Zealand: barnacles (Cirripedia: Thoracica). New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 69, 1160.
Foster, B.A. (1982) Shallow water barnacles from Hong Kong. In Morton, B.S. and Tseng, C.K. (eds) The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp. 207232.
Foster, B.A. (1987) Barnacle ecology and adaptation. In Southward, A.J. (ed.) Crustacean Issues. 5. Barnacle biology. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, pp. 113133.
Frid, C. (1989) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, the Teign Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 920 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/15/88), 47 pp.
Gill, C. and Mercer, T. (1989) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Camel Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 954 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/14/88), 51 pp.
Hardwick-Witman, M.N. and Mathieson, A.C. (1983) Intertidal macroalgae and macroinvertebrates: seasonal and spatial abundance patterns along an estuarine gradient. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 16, 113129.
Harms, J. (1999) The neozoan Elminius modestus Darwin (Crustacea, Cirripedia): possible explanations for its successful invasion in European water. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52, 337345.
Herbert, R.J.H., Southward, A.J., Sheader, M. and Hawkins, S.J. (2004) Influence of recruitment and temperature on distribution of intertidal barnacles in the English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 87, 487499.
Hiscock, K. (1986) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain. Salcombe Harbour and the Kingsbridge Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 668 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/40/85), 83 pp.
Hiscock, K., Hiscock, S. and Baker, J.M. (1978) The occurrence of the barnacle Elminius modestus in Shetland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 58, 627629.
Hiscock, K. and Moore, J. (1986) Survey of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain. Plymouth area including the Yealm. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 752 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/36/86).
Horsman, P. (1986) A report on the River Dart survey for the Nature Conservancy Council. Marine Conservation Society, CSD Report No. 695, 34 pp.
Jones, D.H. (1961) Elminius modestus on the south-east coast of Scotland. Nature 190, 103104.
Jorgensen, C.B. (1966) The biology of suspension feeding. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 357 pp.
Jorgensen, C.B. (1996) Bivalve filter feeding revisited. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 142, 287302.
Knight-Jones, E.W. (1948) Elminius modestus: another important pest of east coast oyster beds. Nature 7, 201202.
Lawson, J., Davenport, J. and Whitaker, A. (2004) Barnacle distribution in Lough Hyne Marine Nature Reserve: a new baseline and an account of invasion by introduced Australasian species Elminius modestus Darwin. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 60, 729735.
Levinton, J.S. and Bambach, R.K. (1970) Some ecological aspects of bivalve mortality patterns. American Journal of Science 268, 97112.
Lewis, J.R. (1964) The ecology of rocky shores. London: English Universities Press.
Little, A. (1988) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Looe Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 817 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/27/87), 15 pp.
Little, A. (1989) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Taw and Torridge Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 1002 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/10/89), 45 pp.
Little, C., Morritt, D. and Stirling, P. (1992) Changes in the shore fauna and flora of Lough Hyne. Irish Naturalists' Journal 24, 8795.
Little, C. and Smith, L.P. (1980) Vertical zonation on rocky shores in the Severn estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Marine Science 2, 651669.
Little, C., Williams, G.A., Morritt, D., Perrins, J.M. and Stirling, P. (1988) Foraging behaviour of Pattela vulgata in an Irish sea-lough. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 120, 121.
Loosanoff, V.L. (1962) Effects of turbidity on some larval and adult bivalves. Proceedings of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 14, 8095.
Mettam, C. (1994) Intertidal zonation of animals and plants on rocky shores in the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary—the northern shores. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 51, 123147.
Moore, J. (1988) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain: Dart Estuary including The Range. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 818 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/6/87), 74 pp.
Moore, L.B. (1944) Some intertidal sessile barnacles from New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 73, 315334.
Nehring, S. (2006) Four arguments why so many alien species settle into estuaries, with special reference to the German River Elbe. Helgoland Marine Research 60, 127134.
O'Riordan, R.M. and Murphy, O. (2000) Variation in the reproductive cycle of Elminius modestus in southern Ireland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 80, 607616.
O'Riordan, R.M. and Ramsay, N.M. (1999) The current distribution and abundance of the Australasian barnacle Elminius modestus in Portugal. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79, 937939.
Pannacciulli, F.G. (1995) Population ecology and genetics of European species of intertidal barnacles. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
Reise, K., Gollasch, S. and Wolff, W.J. (1999) Introduced marine species of the North Sea coasts. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52, 219234.
Reise, K., Olenin, S. and Thieltges, D.W. (2006) Are aliens threatening European aquatic coastal ecosystems? Helgoland Marine Research 60, 7783.
Rhoads, D.C. and Young, D.K. (1970) The influence of deposit-feeding organisms on sediment stability and community trophic structure. Journal of Marine Research 28, 150178.
Rostron, D. (1987) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, the Helford River. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 850 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/17/87), 69 pp.
Ruiz, G.M., Carlton, J.T., Grosholz, E.D. and Hines, A.H. (1997) Global invasions of marine and estuarine habitats by non-indigenous species: mechanisms, extent, and consequences. American Zoologist 37, 621632.
Sanders, H.L., Mangelsdorf, P.C. Jr and Hampson, G.R. (1965) Salinity and faunal distribution in the Pocasset River, Massachusetts. Limnology and Oceanography, 10 (Supplement), 216229. [Alfred C. Redfield 75th Anniversary Volume.]
Silina, A.V. (2002) The effect of muddy bottom sediment on the abundance and life span of the barnacle, Hesperibalanus hesperius, epizoic on scallop shells. Biofouling 18, 263268.
Southward, A.J. (1955) On the behaviour of barnacles. I. The relation of cirral and other activities to temperature. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 34, 403422.
Southward, A.J. (1976) On the taxonomic status and distribution of Chthamalus stellatus (Cirripedia) in the north-east Atlantic region: with a key to the common intertidal barnacles of Britain. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56, 10071028.
Southward, A.J. (1991) Forty years of changes in species composition and population density of barnacles on a rocky shore near Plymouth. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 71, 495513.
Southward, A.J. and Crisp, D.J. (1952) Changes in the distribution of the intertidal barnacles in relation to the environment. Nature 179, 416417.
Southward, A.J. and Crisp, D.J. (1956) Fluctuations in the distribution and abundance of intertidal barnacles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 35, 211229.
Stubbings, H.G. (1950) Earlier records of Elminius modestus Darwin in British waters. Nature 166, 277.
Watson, D.I., O'Riordan, R.M., Barnes, D.K.A. and Cross, T. (2005) Temporal and spatial variability in the recruitment of barnacles and the local dominance of Elminius modestus (Darwin) in SW Ireland. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 63, 119131.
Wolff, W.J. (1983) Estuarine benthos. In Ketchum, B.H. (ed.) Ecosystems of the world, 26, estuaries and enclosed seas. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 151183.
Wolff, W.J. (1999) Exotic invaders of the meso-oligohaline zone of estuaries in The Netherlands: why are there so many? Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52, 393400.

Keywords

Distribution of barnacles and dominance of the introduced species Elminius modestus along two estuaries in South-West England

  • J.G.F. Gomes-Filho (a1) (a2), S.J. Hawkins (a3), R. Aquino-Souza (a2) (a4) and R.C. Thompson (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed