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Sustainable Development of Human Resources Inspired by Chinese Philosophies: A Repositioning Based on François Jullien's Works

  • Sybille Persson (a1) and Paul Shrivastava (a2)

Abstract

This paper provides a philosophical repositioning of human resource management (HRM) to further sustainable human resources development (HRD). We use a conceptual process, based on the work of French philosopher and Sinologist François Jullien. Despite its growing and diversified academic production, HRM research has become increasingly isolated from practice, from alternative views of human life, and from nature. This is at least partly due to its failure to self-question its Western centric roots. This paper describes some key conceptual innovations that deal with efficacy and ‘vital nourishment’ which are of particular interest for sustainable HRD. The question of how to feed life (or nourish it) in the workplace is illustrated by a gardening metaphor for managing human potential. In contrast to cross-cultural studies, this metaphor emerges from a dialogue between Western and Eastern philosophies, and offers alternative approaches to HRD based on some core insights from the Chinese tradition.

摘要:

本文提供了人力资源管理 (HRM) 的哲学重新定位以继续可持续人力资源开发 (HRD) 。我们使用一个基于法国哲学家和汉学家弗朗索瓦·于连作品的概念性的过程。尽管其学术生产的增长和多样化, HRM研究日益与实践, 与人类生活的替代观点, 以及与大自然隔离。这至少部分是由于其未能对其以西方为中心的本质进行自我反思。本文介绍一些关键的概念创新来处理疗效和“至关重要的营养”, 这是可持续HRD特别感兴趣的。如何在工作场所喂养生命 (或滋养它) 的问题是由管理人类潜能的园艺比喻来说明的。与跨文化研究相比, 这个比喻出现于西方和东方哲学之间的对话, 并提供基于中国传统的一些核心见解的对HRD的替代方法。

इस शोध पत्र में सतत मानव संसाधन विकास अवधारणा के आधार पर मानव संसाधन प्रबंध प्रक्रिया के पुनर्स्थापन का प्रयत्न किया गया है. हमने इस शोध में फ़्रांसिसी दार्शनिक व चीन-विद फ्रैंकाइ जूलियां के कृतित्व पर आधारित अवधारणा प्रस्तुत की है. मानव संसाधन प्रबंध का शोध अपने विद्यात्मक वैविध्य के बावजूद व्यावहारिक अमल, वैकल्पिक परिप्रेक्ष्यों तथा प्रकृति से दूर होता जा रहा है. ऐसा कुछ हद तक उसके अपने आधारभूत पाश्चात्य सिद्धान्तों को चुनौती देने में असमर्थता के कारण है. इस शोध पत्र में प्रभावशीलता और मूलभूत पोषण से सम्बंधित कुछ सैद्धांतिक नवोन्मेषों का वर्णन है. बागवानी की अवधारणा के माध्यम से यहां कार्यस्थल पर मानवीय सामर्थ्य के पोषण का वर्णन किया गया है. अंतर-सांस्कृतिक अध्ययनों से इतर यह अवधारणा प्राच्य तथा पाश्चात्य दर्शनों के संवाद से उदित हुई है. चीनी दर्शन के कुछ मूल परिज्ञानों के आधार पर इस अवधारणा में मानव संसाधन विकास के लिए वैकल्पिक दृष्टिकोण प्रस्तुत किये गए हैं.

Este artigo fornece um reposicionamento filosófico da gestão de recursos humanos (HRM) para fomentar o desenvolvimento de recursos humanos (HRD) sustentável. Utilizamos um processo conceitual, baseado no trabalho do filósofo e sinólogo francês François Jullien. Apesar da crescente e diversificada produção acadêmica, a pesquisa em HRM tem se isolado cada vez mais da prática, de visões alternativas da vida humana e da natureza. Isto é devido, pelo menos parcialmente, à sua incapacidade de autoquestionar suas raízes centradas no ocidente. Este artigo descreve algumas inovações conceituais chave que tratam da eficácia e do “nutriente vital” que são de particular interesse para o HRD sustentável. A questão de como alimentar a vida (ou nutri-la) no local de trabalho é ilustrada por uma metáfora de jardinagem para a gestão do potencial humano. Em contraste com estudos transculturais, essa metáfora emerge de um diálogo entre a filosofia ocidental e oriental, e oferece abordagens alternativas à HRD com base em algumas ideias centrais da tradição chinesa.

Аннотация:

В данной статье предлагается философское переосмысление управления человеческими ресурсами (HRM) с целью дальнейшего устойчивого развития человеческих ресурсов (HRD). Мы используем концептуальный процесс, основанный на работе французского философа и синолога Франсуа Жюльена. Несмотря на растущее число и разнообразие научных трудов, HRM исследования становятся все более оторванными от практики, от альтернативных взглядов на человеческую жизнь, и от природы. Это происходит, по крайней мере, отчасти из-за неспособности этой дисциплины поставить под вопрос ее западные истоки. В данной работе описываются некоторые ключевые концептуальные инновации в сфере эффективности и «жизненно важного питания», которые особенно необходимы для устойчивого развития человеческих ресурсов. Для иллюстрации вопроса о том, как развивать жизнь (или питать ее) на рабочем месте используется метафора возделывания сада для управления человеческим потенциалом. В отличии от межкультурных исследований, эта метафора возникает из диалога между западными и восточными философиями, и предлагает альтернативные подходы к развитию человеческих ресурсов на основе главных идей из китайской традиции.

RESUMEN:

Este artículo ofrece un reposicionamiento filosófico de la gestión de recursos humanos (GRH) para avanzar el desarrollo sostenible de los recursos humanos (DRH). Usamos un proceso conceptual, basado en el trabajo del filósofo y sinólogo francés François Jullien. A pesar de su creciente y diversa producción académica, la investigación en GRH se ha vuelto cada vez más aislada de la práctica, de las visiones alternativas de la vida humana, y de la naturaleza. Esto se debe en parte a su incapacidad para cuestionar sus raíces centradas en Occidente. Este artículo describe algunas innovaciones conceptuales clave sobre la eficacia y el “alimento vital” que son de interés particular para el desarrollo sostenible de los recursos humanos. La cuestión de cómo alimentar la vida (o nutrirla) en el lugar de trabajo se ilustra con una metáfora de jardinería para gestionar el potencial humano. A diferencia de los estudios transculturales, esta metáfora surge de un dialogo entre las filosofías Occidentales y Orientales, y ofrece enfoques alternativos al DRH basados en algunas ideas fundamentales de la tradición china.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author: Sybille Persson (sybil.persson@icn-groupe.fr)

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