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  • H. Youn Kim (a1), Keith R. Mclaren (a2) and K. K. Gary Wong (a3)


This paper integrates seemingly disjoint studies on consumer behavior in micro and macroanalyses via an intertemporal two-stage budgeting procedure with durable goods and liquidity constraints. The model specifies an indirect utility function as a function of nondurable consumption, commodity (nondurables) prices, and durables stock, and derives the demand functions for nondurable goods. A demand function for durable goods is derived in an adjustment cost framework. The consumption growth equation accounts for relative price effects with precautionary saving, durables stock, and liquidity constraints. The stochastic discount factor is approximated by a time-varying linear function of nondurable consumption growth, commodity price growth, durables stock growth, and disposable income growth. The demand functions for six nondurable goods and services are jointly estimated with the Euler equations for bonds, stocks, and durable goods with allowance for liquidity constraints, using US data. Estimation provides new findings for intertemporal consumption and a multifactor consumption-based capital asset pricing model.


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Address correspondence to: H. Youn Kim, Department of Economics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA. e-mail:


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We would like to thank the Associate Editor (Apostolos Serletis) and two referees for their helpful comments and suggestions to improve the paper.



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