Skip to main content Accessibility help

Lecania falcata, a new species from Spain, the Canary Islands and the Azores, close to Lecania chlorotiza

  • Emmanuël SÉRUSIAUX (a1), Pieter P. G. van den BOOM (a2), Maarten A. BRAND (a3), Brian J. COPPINS (a4) and Nicolas MAGAIN (a1)...


Lecania chlorotiza and L. falcata, described here as new from Spain/Navarra, the Canary Islands and the Azores, do not belong to Lecania s. str. They belong to a strongly supported clade comprising Bacidia, Bacidina, Scutula and Toninia when examined with maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inferences using mtSSU, nuLSU and nuITS sequences. This clade represents the Bacidiaceae and is included in the Ramalinaceae s. lat. Most genera included in that family need further work before a new genus can possibly be described for Lecania chlorotiza and L. falcata.



Hide All
Altekar, G., Aittokallio, T., Huelsenbeck, J. P. & Ronquist, F. (2004) Parallel Metropolis-coupled Markov chain Monte Carlo for Bayesian phylogenetic inference. Bioinformatics 20: 407415.
Andersen, H. L. & Ekman, S. (2005) Disintegration of the Micareaceae (lichenized Ascomycota): a molecular phylogeny based on mitochondrial rDNA sequences. Mycological Research 109: 2130.
Castresana, J. (2000) Selection of conserved blocks from multiple alignments for their use in phylogenetic analysis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17: 540552.
Coppins, B. J. (1983) A taxonomic study of the lichen genus Micarea in Europe. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Botany Series 11: 17214.
Cubero, O. F., Crespo, A., Fathi, J. & Bridge, P. D. (1999) DNA extraction and PCR amplification method suitable for fresh, herbarium-stored, lichenized, and other fungi. Plant Systematics and Evolution 216: 243249.
Ekman, S. (1996) The corticolous and lignicolous species of Bacidia and Bacidina in North America. Opera Botanica 127: 1148.
Ekman, S. (2001) Molecular phylogeny of the Bacidiaceae (Lecanorales, lichenized Ascomycota). Mycological Research 105: 783797.
Ertz, D., Diederich, P., Brand, M. A., van den Boom, P. & Sérusiaux, E. (2008) New or interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi for Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France. XI. Bulletin de la Société des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois 109: 3551.
Ferraro, L. I., Lücking, R. & Sérusiaux, E. (2001) A world monograph of the lichen genus Gyalectidium (Gomphillaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 137: 311345.
Gardes, M. & Bruns, T. D. (1993) ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113118.
Hafellner, J. (1984) Studien in Richtung einer natürlicheren Gliederung der Sammelfamilien Lecanoraceae und Lecideaceae. Beiheft zur Nova Hedwigia 79: 241371.
Huneck, S. & Yoshimura, I. (1996) Identification of Lichen Substances. Berlin & Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
Lücking, R. (2008) Foliicolous Lichenized Fungi. Flora Neotropica Monograph 103. Bronx, New York: Organization for Flora Neotropica and The New York Botanical Garden Press.
Lumbsch, H. T. & Huhndorf, S. M. (2010) Myconet Volume 14. Part One. Outline of Ascomycota-2009. Part Two. Notes on Ascomycete Systematics. Nos. 4751–5113. Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences 1: 164.
Maddison, D. R. & Maddison, W. P. (2002) MacClade Version 4.03PPC: Analysis of Phylogeny and Character Evolution. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.
Meyer, B. & Printzen, C. (2000) Proposal for a standardized nomenclature and characterization of insoluble lichen pigments. Lichenologist 32: 571583.
Miądlikowska, J., Kauff, F., Hofstetter, V., Fraker, E., Grube, M., Hafellner, J., Reeb, V., Hodkinson, B. P., Kukwa, M., Lücking, R., et al. (2006) New insights into classification and evolution of the Lecanoromycetes (Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota) from phylogenetic analyses of three ribosomal RNA- and two protein-coding genes. Mycologia 98: 10881103.
Nylander, J. A. A. (2004) MrModeltest, Version 2. Available from the author:
Poelt, J. & Vězda, A. (1977) Bestimmungsschüssel europäischer Flechten. Ergänzungsheft I. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 9: 1258.
Poelt, J. & Vězda, A. (1981) Bestimmungsschlüssel europäischer Flechten. Ergänzungsheft II. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 16: 1390.
Posada, D. & Buckley, T. (2004) Model selection and model averaging in phylogenetics: advantages of Akaike information criterion and Bayesian approaches over likelihood ratio tests. Systematic Biology 53: 793808.
Rambaut, A. (2009) FigTree v1.3.1. Available
Rambaut, A. & Drummond, A. J. (2007) Tracer v1.5. Available at:
Reese Næsborg, R., Ekman, S. & Tibell, L. (2007) Molecular phylogeny of the genus Lecania (Ramalinaceae, lichenized fungi). Mycological Research 111: 581591.
Reese Næsborg, R. & van den Boom, P. P. G. (2007) Lecania belgica van den Boom & Reese Næsborg, a new saxicolous lichen species from western Europe. Lichenologist 39: 499503.
Rodríguez, F., Oliver, J. L., Marín, A. & Medina, J. R. (1990) The general stochastic model of nucleotide substitution. Journal of Theoretical Biology 142: 485501.
Ronquist, F. & Huelsenbeck, J. P. (2003) MRBAYES 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19: 15721574.
Santesson, R. (1952) Foliicolous lichens I. A revision of the taxonomy of the obligately foliicolous, lichenized fungi. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 12(1): 1590.
Schmull, M., Miądlikowska, J., Pelzer, M., Stocker-Wörgötter, E., Hofstetter, V., Fraker, E., Hodkinson, B. P., Reeb, V., Kukwa, M., Lumbsch, H. T., et al. (2011) Phylogenetic affiliations of members of the heterogeneous lichen-forming fungi of the genus Lecidea sensu Zahlbruckner (Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota). Mycologia 103: 9831003.
Sérusiaux, E. (1993) New taxa of foliicolous lichens from Western Europe and Macaronesia. Nordic Journal of Botany 13: 447461.
Sérusiaux, E., Berger, F., Brand, M. & van den Boom, P. (2007) The lichen genus Porina in Macaronesia, with descriptions of two new species. Lichenologist 39: 1533.
Sérusiaux, E., Brand, A. M., Motiejūnaitė, J., Orange, A. & Coppins, B. J. (2010) Lecidea doliiformis belongs to Micarea, Catillaria alba to Biatora, and Biatora ligni-mollis occurs in western Europe. Bryologist 113: 333344.
Simmons, M. P. (2012) Misleading results of likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses in the presence of missing data. Cladistics 28: 208222.
Smith, C. W., Aptroot, A., Coppins, B. J., Fletcher, A., Gilbert, O. L., James, P. W. & Wolseley, P. A. (eds) (2009) The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland. London: British Lichen Society.
Spribille, T. & Printzen, C. (2007) Lecidea rubrocastanea, a new lichen species from conifer bark and wood in interior western North America (Lecanorales, lichenized ascomycetes). Lichenologist 39: 339347.
Spribille, T., Björk, C. R., Ekman, S., Elix, J. A., Goward, T., Printzen, C., Tønsberg, T. & Wheeler, T. (2009) Contributions to an epiphytic lichen flora of northwest North America: I. Eight new species from British Columbia inland rain forests. Bryologist 112: 109137.
Stenroos, S., Huhtinen, S., Lesonen, A., Palice, Z. & Printzen, C. (2009) Puttea, gen. nov., erected for the enigmatic lichen Lecidea margaritella . Bryologist 112: 544557.
Swofford, D. L. (2002) PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). Version 4. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.
van den Boom, P. P. G. (1992) The saxicolous species of the lichen genus Lecania in The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg. Nova Hedwigia 54: 229254.
van den Boom, P. P. G. (2005) Contribution to the flora of Portugal, lichens and lichenicolous fungi IV. Cryptogamie, Mycologie 26: 5159.
van den Boom, P. P. G. & Brand, A. M. (2008) Some new Lecanora species from western and central Europe, belonging to the L. saligna group, with notes on related species. Lichenologist 40: 465497.
van den Boom, P. P. G. & Ryan, B. D. (2004) Lecania. In Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, vol. 2 (Nash, T. H. III, Ryan, B. D., Diederich, P., Gries, C. & Bungartz, F., eds): 281295. Tempe, Arizona: Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University.
White, T. J., Bruns, T., Lee, S. & Taylor, J. W. (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications (Innis, M. A., Gelfand, D. H., Sninsky, J. J. & White, T. J., eds): 315322. New York: Academic Press.
Zahlbruckner, A. (1951) Catalogus Lichenum Universalis. 10 Volumes. New York: Johnson Reprint Corp.
Zoller, S., Scheidegger, C. & Sperisen, C. (1999) PCR primers for the amplification of mitochondrial small subunit ribosomal DNA of lichen-forming ascomycetes. Lichenologist 31: 511516.
Zwickl, D. J. (2006) Genetic algorithm approaches for the phylogenetic analysis of large biological sequence datasets under the maximum likelihood criterion. Ph.D. thesis, University of Texas at Austin.


Lecania falcata, a new species from Spain, the Canary Islands and the Azores, close to Lecania chlorotiza

  • Emmanuël SÉRUSIAUX (a1), Pieter P. G. van den BOOM (a2), Maarten A. BRAND (a3), Brian J. COPPINS (a4) and Nicolas MAGAIN (a1)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed