Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Anzia mahaeliyensis and Anzia flavotenuis, two new lichen species from Sri Lanka

  • Udeni JAYALAL (a1), Pat WOLSELEY (a2), Cécile GUEIDAN (a2), André APTROOT (a3), Siril WIJESUNDARA (a4) and Veranja KARUNARATNE (a1)...

Abstract

Two new species of Anzia are described from Sri Lanka: A. mahaeliyensis characterized by a white, single-layered medulla and pale tipped isidia, and A. flavotenuis by a two-layered medulla with the upper layer yellow and the lower part white, a central chondroid axis and isidia with brown-black tips. Morphological and chemical characters used to distinguish species of Anzia are discussed and DNA sequences (ITS) are provided for the two new species. Characteristic features and worldwide distribution of the genus are also outlined.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abbayes, H. des (1956) Lichens de la region malgache. I. Espèces foliacées et fruticuleuses récoltées à Madagascar, principalement par H. Humbert, et à Moheli (Comores), par l'Institut de Recherches Scientifiques de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institut de Recherches Scientifiques de Madagascar, ser. B 6: 125.
Arup, U., Ekman, S., Lindblom, L. & Mattsson, J. E. (1993) High performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC), an improved technique for screening lichen substances. Lichenologist 25: 6171.
Awasthi, D. D. (1988) A key to the macrolichens of India and Nepal. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 65: 207302.
Crespo, A., Lumbsch, H. T., Mattsson, J. E., Blanco, O., Divakar, P. K., Articus, K., Wiklund, E., Bawingan, P. A. & Wedin, M. (2007) Testing morphology-based hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships in Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota) using three ribosomal markers and the nuclear RPB1 gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 812824.
Elix, J. A. (1997 a) Further new species in the lichen family Parmeliaceae (Ascomycotina) from Australia. Mycotaxon 63: 419430.
Elix, J. A. (1997 b) Further new species in the lichen family Parmeliaceae (Ascomycotina) from Australasia. Mycotaxon 65: 481491.
Elix, J. A. (2007) New species in the lichen family Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota) from Australasia. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 95: 171182.
Gardes, M., & Bruns, T. D. (1993) ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113118.
Gueidan, C., Roux, C. & Lutzoni, F. (2007) Using a multigene phylogenetic analysis to assess generic delineation and character evolution in Verrucariaceae (Verrucariales, Ascomycota). Mycological Research 111: 11451168.
Haugan, R. (1992) Anzia centrifuga, a new lichen species from Porto Santo, Madeira. Mycotaxon 44: 4550.
Jayalal, R. G. U., Wolseley, P. A., Pathberiya, L. G., Wijesundara, D. S. A. & Karunaratne, V. (2007) Anzia (Lichenized Ascomycetes) a new record from the Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka. Proceedings of the Peradeniya University Research Sessions, Sri Lanka 12(1): 6061.
Lumbsch, H. T. & Huhndorf, S. M. (2010) Outline of Ascomycota–2009. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos. 4751–5113. Myconet 14: 169.
Lutzoni, F., Wagner, P., Reeb, V. & Zoller, S. (2000) Integrating ambiguously aligned regions of DNA sequences in phylogenetic analyses without violating positional homology. Systematic Biology 49: 628651.
Maddison, W. P. & Maddison, D. R. (2003) MacClade: Analysis of Phylogeny and Character Evolution, Version 4.6. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.
Sammy, N. & Galloway, D. J. (1994) Anzia. In Flora of Australia, Vol. 55 (Orchard, A. E. & Grgurinovic, C., eds): 1213. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.
Stamatakis, A., Ludwig, T. & Meier, H. (2005) RAxML-III: A fast program for maximum likelihood-based inference of large phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 21: 456463.
Stamatakis, A., Hoover, P. & Rougemont, J. (2008) A rapid bootstrap algorithm for the RAxML web-servers. Systematic Biology 75: 758771.
Stizenberger, E. (1861) Anzia, eine neue Flechtengattung. Flora 44: 390393.
Swinscow, T. D. V. & Krog, H. (1988) Macrolichens of East Africa. London: British Museum (Natural History).
Swofford, D. L. (1999) PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods) Version 4.0b10. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.
Thell, A., Feuerer, T., Kärnefelt, I., Myllys, L. & Stenroos, S. (2004) Monophyletic groups within the Parmeliaceae identified by ITS rDNA, b-tubulin and GAPDH sequences. Mycological Progress 3: 297314.
White, T. J., Bruns, T. D., Lee, S. & Taylor, J. W. (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications (Innis, M.A., Gelfand, D.H., Sninsky, J. J. & White, T. J., eds): 315322. San Diego: Academic Press.
Xiao, Y.-Q., Oh, S.-O., Wang, L.-S., Liu, P.-G., Han, K. S., Koh, Y. J. & Hur, J.-S. (2007) Lichen genus Anzia (lichenized Ascomycota, Parmeliaceae) in Korea. Lichenology 6: 110.
Yoshimura, I. (1974) Lichen Flora of Japan in Color. Osaka: Hoikusha Publishing Co. Ltd.
Yoshimura, I. (1987) Taxonomy and speciation of Anzia and Pannoparmelia. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 25: 185195.
Yoshimura, I. (1995) The lichen genus Anzia (Parmeliaceae, Lecanorales) in Central and South America. In Flechten Follmann: Contributions to Lichenology in Honour of Gerhard Follmann (Daniels, F. J. A., Schulz, M. & Peine, J., eds): 377387. Köln: Botanical Institute, University of Cologne.
Yoshimura, I., Sipman, H. J. M. & Aptroot, A. (1995) The lichen genus Anzia in New Guinea. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 58: 439469.
Yoshimura, I., Singh, K. P. & Elix, J. A. (1997) The genus Anzia (lichenized Ascomycetes) in India. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 82: 343352.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed