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Taxonomic delimitation of the genera Bryoria and Sulcaria, with a new combination Sulcaria spiralifera introduced

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 October 2014

Leena MYLLYS
Affiliation:
Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, P.O. Box 7, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. Email: leena.myllys@helsinki.fi
Saara VELMALA
Affiliation:
Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, P.O. Box 7, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. Email: leena.myllys@helsinki.fi
Hanna LINDGREN
Affiliation:
Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, P.O. Box 7, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. Email: leena.myllys@helsinki.fi
Doug GLAVICH
Affiliation:
Siuslaw National Forest Supervisor's Office, Corvallis Forest Science Lab, 3200 SW Jefferson Way, Corvallis, Oregon, 97331, USA
Tom CARLBERG
Affiliation:
1959 Peninsula Drive, Arcata, CA, 95521, USA
Li-Song WANG
Affiliation:
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Heilongtan, Kunming, Yunnan, 650204, China
Trevor GOWARD
Affiliation:
UBC Herbarium, Beaty Museum, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Bryoria pseudocapillaris and B. spiralifera are currently treated as members of Bryoria section Implexae although conspicuous, long and depressed pseudocyphellae characterizing both species resemble those found in the genus Sulcaria. Both genera belong in Parmeliaceae and form an alectorioid group together with Alectoria, Gowardia and Pseudephebe. Parsimony and Bayesian analyses of ITS, partial GAPDH and partial Mcm7 sequence data were used to examine the phylogenetic position of B. pseudocapillaris and B. spiralifera, and in light of these results evaluate the generic delimitation of Bryoria and Sulcaria. A total of 110 specimens of 53 species containing representatives from alectorioid and closely related genera were included in the analyses. The results clearly show first, that both B. pseudocapillaris and B. spiralifera belong in Sulcaria rather than in Bryoria, and second, that they should be considered conspecific. Bryoria pseudocapillaris is proposed as a synonym under B. spiralifera and the name Sulcaria spiralifera comb. nov. is introduced.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © British Lichen Society 2014 

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