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Melaspilea demissa (Tuck.) Zahlbr. (lichenized Ascomycota) in eastern North America with a key to North American species of Melaspilea s. lat.

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 May 2015

Gary B. Perlmutter
Affiliation:
University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, CB# 3280, Coker Hall, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA. Email: gary.perlmutter@gmail.com.
Shirley C. Tucker
Affiliation:
Cheadle Center for Biodiversity, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9610, USA; & Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, 1212 Mission Canyon Rd., Santa Barbara, CA 93105.
Eimy Rivas Plata
Affiliation:
Science & Education, Integrative Research Center, The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496, USA.
Philippe Clerc
Affiliation:
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève, CH-1292 Chambésy, Switzerland.
Robert Lücking
Affiliation:
Science & Education, Integrative Research Center, The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496, USA.
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Recently collected specimens of the crustose lichen Melaspilea demissa from south-eastern USA have been compared with those of Melaspilea spp. previously determined from North America. A review of both the historical and contemporary treatments of this species is provided. A lectotype was selected from the type collection of M. demissa in FH and is here proposed as it best matches incomplete citations in the original treatment. We also discuss the nomenclatural and taxonomic status of the name Opegrapha cymbiformis var. deformis (considered a synonym of M. gibberulosa). North American specimens of M. gibberulosa were found to be misidentifications, as were specimens attributed to M. lentiginosula, M. mesophlebia and M. octomera. We therefore recommend that these species be removed from the North American lichen checklist. We also present a key to North American Melaspilea.

Type
Articles
Copyright
© British Lichen Society, 2015 

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Melaspilea demissa (Tuck.) Zahlbr. (lichenized Ascomycota) in eastern North America with a key to North American species of Melaspilea s. lat.
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