Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-z4vvc Total loading time: 0.615 Render date: 2021-03-05T04:02:03.334Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Gone with the wind: sequencing its type species supports inclusion of Cryptolechia in Gyalecta (Ostropales: Gyalectaceae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 August 2019

Robert LÜCKING
Affiliation:
Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum, Freie Universität Berlin, Königin-Luise-Straße 6–8, 14195 Berlin, Germany.
Bibiana MONCADA
Affiliation:
Licenciatura en Biología, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Cra. 4 No. 26D-54, Torre de Laboratorios, Herbario, Bogotá D.C., Colombia; Research Associate, Science & Education, The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore, Chicago, IL 60605, USA
David L. HAWKSWORTH
Affiliation:
Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK; Comparative Plant and Fungal Biology, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey TW9 3DS, UK; Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin Province, 130118China
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Cryptolechia carneolutea is the type species of the genus Cryptolechia, a rare taxon classified as endangered in the UK, now largely confined to ancient Fraxinus trees. The only tree with abundant growth of the species in one of its strongholds, the Slapton Ley National Nature Reserve in Devon, was blown over in a storm in April 2017, making it possible to collect material for molecular studies and transplant specimens to other Fraxinus trees in the area. The results of the phylogenetic analysis revealed C. carneolutea to be nested within the genus Gyalecta (Gyalectaceae). This further supports a broad circumscription of Gyalecta, after also including species previously placed in Belonia and Pachyphiale as proposed in other recent studies. It might be possible to introduce an alternative genus concept in Gyalectaceae, not schematically based on ascoma type and ascospore number, but presently not enough data are available to proceed with such a novel classification. A review of the taxonomic concept of Cryptolechia demonstrates that this name was used inconsistently in the past, and its possible inclusion in Gyalecta was anticipated by other authors. As the majority of species presently classified in Cryptolechia had been placed in Gyalecta before, only five new combinations are required to provide formal inclusion of all taxa in the latter genus: Gyalecta bicellulata (Kalb) D. Hawksw. & Lücking comb. nov., G. caudata (Kalb) D. Hawksw. & Lücking comb. nov., G. pittieriana (Kalb et al.) D. Hawksw. & Lücking comb. nov., G. saxatilis (Vězda) D. Hawksw. & Lücking comb. nov. and G. stellaris (Müll. Arg.) D. Hawksw. & Lücking comb. nov. We also supersede the previous lectotypification of Parmelia carneolutea Turner with the discovery of the holotype specimen in BM.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © British Lichen Society 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Ainsworth, G. C., James, P. W. & Hawksworth, D. L. (1971) Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi. 6th edn. Kew: Commonwealth Mycological Institute.Google Scholar
Ait Hammou, M., Miara, M. D., Rebbas, K., Slimani, A., Ravera, S. & Hamer El Ain, H. S. (2014) Mise à jour de l'inventaire des lichens d'Algérie. Revue Ecologie-Environment 10: 75103.Google Scholar
Andrés, J. A. (2003) The genus Pachyphiale (Gyalectales, Ascomycotina) in the Iberian Peninsula. Nova Hedwigia 77: 139146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aptroot, A. & Stech, M. (2018) An updated checklist of the lichens of St. Eustatius, Netherlands Antilles. MycoKeys 33: 6984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aptroot, A., Sobreira, P. N. B. & Cáceres, M. E. S. (2015) A remarkable new Ramonia (Gyalectaceae) from Brazil, with a key to the species. Lichenologist 47: 2129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Balaji, P. & Hariharan, G. N. (2013) Checklist of microlichens in Bolampatti II forest range (Siruvani Hills), Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Czech Mycology 65: 219232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baloch, E., Lücking, R., Lumbsch, H. T. & Wedin, M. (2010) Major clades and phylogenetic relationships between lichenized and non-lichenized lineages in Ostropales (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes). Taxon 59: 14831494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baloch, E., Lumbsch, H. T., Lücking, R. & Wedin, M. (2013) New combinations and names in Gyalecta for former Belonia and Pachyphiale (Ascomycota, Ostropales) species. Lichenologist 45: 723727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boom, B. M., Buck, W. R., Gracie, C. A. & Tulig, M. (2009) Plants and Lichens of St. Eustatius. [WWW resource] URL http://sweetgum.nybg.org/st_eustatius/index.php.Google Scholar
Coppins, A. M. & Coppins, B. J. (2002) Indices of Ecological Continuity for Woodland Epiphytic Lichen Habitats in the British Isles. London: British Lichen Society.Google Scholar
Hafellner, J. (1995) A new checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi of insular Laurimacaronesia including a lichenological bibliography for the area. Fritschiana 5: 1132.Google Scholar
Hall, T. A. (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 41: 9598.Google Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. (1972) The natural history of Slapton Ley Nature Reserve IV. Lichens. Field Studies 4: 535578.Google Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. (1987) The evolution and adaptation of sexual reproductive structures in the Ascomycotina. In Evolutionary Biology of the Fungi (Rayner, A. D. M., Brasier, C. M. & Moore, D., eds): 179189. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. & Dibben, M. J. (1982) Cryptolechia, an earlier name for Gyalectina. Lichenologist 14: 98100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. & Seaward, M. R. D. (1978) Introduction. In Specimen of a Lichenographia Britannica. Reprint (Turner, D. & Borrer, W., eds): ixxiii. Richmond: Richmond Publishing.Google Scholar
Iturriaga, T. & Hawksworth, D. L. (2004) Korfiomyces gelatinosum gen. et sp. nov., a new and enigmatic gelatinous discomycete from the Venezuelan Amazon with lecanoralean affinities. Mycologia 96: 11551158.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kalb, K. (2007) New or otherwise interesting lichens. III. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 95: 297316.Google Scholar
Katoh, K. & Standley, D. M. (2013) MAFFT multiple sequence alignment software version 7: improvements in performance and usability. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 772780.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kauff, F. & Büdel, B. (2005) Ascoma ontogeny and apothecial anatomy in the Gyalectaceae (Ostropales, Ascomycota) support the re-establishment of the Coenogoniaceae. Bryologist 108: 272281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kauff, F. & Lutzoni, F. (2002) Phylogeny of the Gyalectales and Ostropales (Ascomycota, Fungi): among and within order relationships based on nuclear ribosomal RNA small and large subunits. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25: 138156.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Letrouit-Galinou, M.-A. (1973) Les pycnospores et les pycnides du Gyalecta carneolutea (Turn.) Oliv. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 120: 373384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Letrouit-Galinou, M.-A. (1974) Le developpement des apothecies du Gyalecta carneolutea (Turn.) Oliv. (Discolichen, Gyalectacee). Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France 90: 2339.Google Scholar
Letrouit-Galinou, M.-A. (1977) Le developpement des ascocarpes du Pachyphiale cornea (With.) Poetsch. (Ascolichen, Gyalectacee). Revue Bryologique et Lichenologique 43: 283301.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. & Kalb, K. (2000) Foliikole Flechten aus Brasilien (vornehmlich Amazonien), inklusive einer Checkliste und Bemerkungen zu Coenogonium und Dimerella (Gyalectaceae). Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik 122: 161.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. & Kalb, K. (2018) Formal instatement of Allographa (Graphidaceae): how to deal with a hyperdiverse genus complex with cryptic differentiation and paucity of molecular data. Herzogia 31: 525561.Google Scholar
Lücking, R., Stuart, B. L. & Lumbsch, H. T. (2004) Phylogenetic relationships of Gomphillaceae and Asterothyriaceae: evidence from a combined Bayesian analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial sequences. Mycologia 96: 283294.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lücking, R., Hodkinson, B. P. & Leavitt, S. D. (2017) (‘2016’) The 2016 classification of lichenized fungi in the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota – approaching one thousand genera. Bryologist 119: 361416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mangold, A., Martín, M. A., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. (2008) Molecular phylogeny suggests synonymy of Thelotremataceae within Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Ostropales). Taxon 57: 476486.Google Scholar
Massalongo, A. B. (1853) Alcuni Generi di Licheni Nuovamente Limitati e Descripti. Verona: G. Antonelli.Google Scholar
McCarthy, P. M. & Malcolm, W. M. (1997) The genera of Trichotheliaceae. Lichenologist 29: 18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miadlikowska, J., Kauff, F., Högnabba, F., Oliver, J. C., Molnár, K., Fraker, E., Gaya, E., Hafellner, J., Hofstetter, V., Gueidan, C., et al. (2014) A multigene phylogenetic synthesis for the class Lecanoromycetes (Ascomycota): 1307 fungi representing 1139 infrageneric taxa, 312 genera and 66 families. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 79: 132168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mudd, W. (1861) A Manual of British Lichens. Darlington: W. Mudd.Google Scholar
Müller, J. (1894) Conspectus systematicus lichenum Novae Zelandiae. Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier 2(Appendix 1): 1114.Google Scholar
Poelt, J. (1969) Bestimmungsschlüssel Europäischer Flechten. Lehre: J. Cramer.Google Scholar
Purvis, O. W., Coppins, B. J., Hawksworth, D. L., James, P. W. & Moore, D. M. (eds) (1992) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publications.Google Scholar
Rivas Plata, E., Lücking, R., Aptroot, A., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L., Chaves, J. L. & Lizano, D. (2006) A first assessment of the Ticolichen biodiversity inventory in Costa Rica: the genus Coenogonium (Ostropales: Coenogoniaceae), with a world-wide key and checklist and a phenotype-based cladistic analysis. Fungal Diversity 23: 255321.Google Scholar
Rivas Plata, E., Lücking, R., Sipman, H. J. M., Mangold, A., Kalb, K. & Lumbsch, H. T. (2010) A world-wide key to the thelotremoid Graphidaceae, excluding the Ocellularia-Myriotrema-Stegobolus clade. Lichenologist 42: 187189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rivas Plata, E., Mason-Gamer, R., Ashley, M., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. (2012) Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Ocellularia-clade (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae). Taxon 61: 11611179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rivas Plata, E., Parnmen, S., Staiger, B., Mangold, A., Frisch, A., Weerakoon, G., Hernández, M., , J. E. Cáceres, M. E. S., Kalb, K., Sipman, H. J. M., et al. (2013) A molecular phylogeny of Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes: Ostropales) including 428 species. MycoKeys 6: 5594.Google Scholar
Roux, C. (2012) Liste des lichens et champignons lichénicoles de France. Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Provence, Numéro Spécial 16: 1220.Google Scholar
Ryan, B. D. & Nimis, P. L. (2004) Gyalecta. In Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2 (Nash, T. H. III, Ryan, B. D., Diederich, P., Gries, C. & Bungartz, F., eds): 122125. Tempe, Arizona: Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University.Google Scholar
Sampaio, G. (1921) Novas contribuições para o estudo dos líquenes Portugeses. Broteria, Botanica 19: 1235.Google Scholar
Schmitt, I., Mueller, G. & Lumbsch, H. T. (2005) Ascoma morphology is homoplaseous and phylogenetically misleading in some pyrenocarpous lichens. Mycologia 97: 362374.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Seaward, M. R. (2010) Census Catalogue of Irish Lichens, 3rd edn. Belfast: National Museums Northern Ireland.Google Scholar
Sipman, H. J. M. (2005) Identification Key and Literature Guide to the Genera of Lichenized Fungi (Lichens) in the Neotropics. Provisional Version. [WWW resource] URL https://archive.bgbm.org/sipman/keys/neokeyA.htm.Google Scholar
Smith, C. W., Aptroot, A., Coppins, B. J., Fletcher, A., Gilbert, O. L., James, P. W. & Wolseley, P. A. (eds) (2009) The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland. London: British Lichen Society.Google Scholar
Sobreira, P. N. B., Cáceres, M. E. S., Maia, L. C. & Lücking, R. (2018) Flabelloporina, a new genus in the Porinaceae (Ascomycota, Ostropales), with the first record of F. squamulifera from Brazil. Phytotaxa 358: 6775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sparrius, L. B., Diederich, P., Signoret, J. & Sérusiaux, E. (2002) The lichen flora of the Boulonnais (France, Pas-de-Calais). Belgian Journal of Botany 135: 5075.Google Scholar
Stamatakis, A. (2015) Using RAxML to Infer Phylogenies. Current Protocols in Bioinformatics 51: 6.14.16.14.14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turland, N. J., Wiersema, J. H., Barrie, F. R., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D. L., Herendeen, P. S., Knapp, S., Kusber, W. H., Li, D. Z., Marhold, K., et al. (eds) (2018) International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017 [Regnum Vegetabile No.159]. Glashütten: Koeltz Botanical Books.Google Scholar
Turner, D. (1808) Descriptions of eight new British lichens. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 9: 135150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van den Boom, P. P. G. (2010) New or interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). Willdenowia 40: 359367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van den Boom, P. P. G. & Vězda, A. (2005) Gyalecta canariensis sp. nov., a new lichen (Ascomycota) from La Palma (Canary Islands). Mycotaxon 92: 255258.Google Scholar
Vězda, A. (1969) Neue Taxa und Kombinationen in der Familie Gyalectaceae (Lichenisierte Fungi). Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomia 4: 443446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watson, M. F., Hawksworth, D. L. & Rose, F. (1988) Lichens on elms in the British Isles and the effect of Dutch Elm Disease on their status. Lichenologist 20: 327352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wedin, M., Wiklund, E., Crewe, A., Döring, H., Ekman, S., Nyberg, Å., Schmitt, I. & Lumbsch, H. T. (2005) Phylogenetic relationships of Lecanoromycetes (Ascomycota) as revealed by analyses of mtSSU and nLSU rDNA sequence data. Mycological Research 109: 159172.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wong, P. Y. & Brodo, I. M. (1990) Significant records from the lichen flora of southern Ontario, Canada. Bryologist 93: 357367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Woods, R. G. & Coppins, B. J. (2012) A Conservation Evaluation of British Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi [Species Status no. 13.]. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.Google Scholar
Zahlbruckner, A. (1907) Spezieller Teil. In Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien Teil 1(Engler, A. & Prantl, K., eds): 49249. Leipzig: W. Engelmann.Google Scholar
Zahlbruckner, A. (1924) Catalogus Lichenum Universalis. Vol. 2. Leipzig: G. Borntraeger.Google Scholar
Zoller, S., Scheidegger, C. & Sperisen, C. (1999) PCR primers for the amplification of mitochondrial small subunit ribosomal DNA of lichen-forming ascomycetes. Lichenologist 31: 511516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Lücking et al. supplementary material

Lücking et al. supplementary material

File 57 KB

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 16
Total number of PDF views: 115 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 21st August 2019 - 5th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Gone with the wind: sequencing its type species supports inclusion of Cryptolechia in Gyalecta (Ostropales: Gyalectaceae)
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Gone with the wind: sequencing its type species supports inclusion of Cryptolechia in Gyalecta (Ostropales: Gyalectaceae)
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Gone with the wind: sequencing its type species supports inclusion of Cryptolechia in Gyalecta (Ostropales: Gyalectaceae)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *