Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684bc48f8b-2l47r Total loading time: 0.306 Render date: 2021-04-10T12:30:19.110Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

The foliicolous lichen biota of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the description of six new species

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 February 2014

Dries VAN DEN BROECK
Affiliation:
National Botanic Garden of Belgium, domein van Bouchout, Nieuwelaan 38, 1860 Meise, Belgium. Email: Dries.van.den.Broeck@br.fgov.be
Robert LÜCKING
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois, 60605-2496, USA
Damien ERTZ
Affiliation:
National Botanic Garden of Belgium, domein van Bouchout, Nieuwelaan 38, 1860 Meise, Belgium. Email: Dries.van.den.Broeck@br.fgov.be
Corresponding

Abstract

Six new species of foliicolous lichenized fungi are described as new to science from lowland rainforest in the Congo Basin: Bapalmuia serusiauxiana Van den Broeck, Lücking & Ertz (Pilocarpaceae) characterized by (7–)15(–19)-septate ascospores of (40–)50–65(–72)×1·5–2·5 μm, Microtheliopsis ramazaniana Van den Broeck, Lücking & Ertz (Microtheliopsidaceae) characterized by 1-septate ascospores of 13–16×3–5 μm, Phylloblastia verheyeniana Van den Broeck, Lücking & Ertz (Verrucariaceae) characterized by 3-septate ascospores of 13–15(–17)×3·0–4·5 μm, Porina duduana Van den Broeck, Lücking & Ertz (Porinaceae) characterized by 3-septate ascospores of 11·0–14·5×2·5–3·0 μm, perithecia 130–150(–170) μm diam. and a photobiont with angular-rounded and irregularly arranged cells, Porina gryseelsiana Van den Broeck, Lücking & Ertz (Porinaceae) characterized by orange-brown perithecia and 7–9(–12)-septate ascospores of 29–46×5·0–7·5 μm, Porina weghiana Van den Broeck, Lücking & Ertz (Porinaceae) characterized by the presence of disc-shaped isidia, yellow perithecia without apical appendages and (7–)9-septate ascospores of 33–50×5·0–6·5 μm. In addition, 53 species new for the Democratic Republic of the Congo are listed, including five species new for tropical Africa and six new for the Palaeotropics, thus raising the number of species known from the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 150 to 209. Keys are presented to all known species of Microtheliopsis and to species of Porina with disc-shaped isidia.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © British Lichen Society 2014 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Aptroot, A., Thor, G., Lücking, R., Elix, J. A. & Chaves, J. L. (2009) The lichen genus Herpothallon reinstated. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 99: 1966.Google Scholar
Archer, A. W., Elix, J. A., Fischer, E., Killmann, D. & Sérusiaux, E. (2009) The lichen genus Pertusaria (Ascomycota) in Central Africa (Congo/Kivu, Rwanda and Burundi) and Western Kenya. Nova Hedwigia 88: 309333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arvidsson, L. (1982) A monograph of the lichen genus Coccocarpia . Opera Botanica 67: 196.Google Scholar
Batke, S. P. (2012) A preliminary survey of epiphytes in some tree canopies in Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. African Journal of Ecology 50: 343354.Google Scholar
Biedinger, N. & Fischer, E. (1996) Epiphytic vegetation and ecology in central African forests (Rwanda, Zaïre). Ecotropica 2: 121142.Google Scholar
Büdel, B. (1995) The lichen genus Neoheppia . Mycotaxon 54: 137145.Google Scholar
Döbbeler, P. & Vězda, A. (1982) Macentina hepaticola, eine neue Flechte aus Zaire. Mitteilungen aus der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 18: 18.Google Scholar
Farkas, E. & Vězda, A. (1987) Macentina borhidii, eine neue foliicole Flechte aus Tansania. Acta Botanica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 33: 295300.Google Scholar
Ferraro, L. I., Lücking, R. & Sérusiaux, E. (2001) A world monograph of the lichen genus Gyalectidium (Gomphillaceae) . Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 137: 311345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flakus, A. & Lücking, R. (2008) New species and additional records of foliicolous lichenized fungi from Bolivia. Lichenologist 40: 423436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hafellner, J. (1984) Studien in Richtung einer näturlicheren Gliederung der Sammelfamilien Lecanoraceae und Lecidaceae . Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 79: 241371.Google Scholar
Kalb, K. & Vězda, A. (1992) Neue foliicole Flechten I. Nova Hedwigia 55: 195209.Google Scholar
Kalb, K., Lücking, R. & Sérusiaux, E. (2000) Studies in Bacidia sensu lato (lichenized Ascomycetes: Lecanorales). I. The genus Bapalmuia . Mycotaxon 75: 281309.Google Scholar
Krog, H. & Swinscow, T. D. V. (1986) Solorina simensis and S. saccata . Lichenologist 18: 5762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lambinon, J. & Sérusiaux, E. (1977) Contribution à l'étude des lichens du Kivu (Zaïre), du Rwanda et du Burundi I. Introduction. Genres Everniopsis, Normandina et Placopsis . Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 47: 459473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lambinon, J. & Sérusiaux, E. (1983) Contribution à l'étude des lichens du Kivu (Zaïre), du Rwanda et du Burundi VII. Approche écogéographique de la flore et de la végétation lichéniques dans l'est de l'Afrique centrale. Bothalia 14: 533538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lambinon, J., Ramaut, J. L. & Sérusiaux, E. (1981) Contribution à l'étude des lichens du Kivu (Zaïre), du Rwanda et du Burundi V. Le genre Leprocaulon . Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 51: 205207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lücking, R. (1996) Taxonomic studies in foliicolous species of the genus Porina. I. The Porina rufula aggregate. Botanica Acta 109: 248260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lücking, R. (1998) Foliicolous lichens and their lichenicolous fungi collected during the Smithsonian International Cryptogamic Expedition to Guyana 1996. Tropical Bryology 15: 4576. (Table added in Tropical Bryology 16:).Google Scholar
Lücking, R. (2004) A revised key to foliicolous Porinaceae (Ascomycota: Trichotheliales). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 88: 409426.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. (2008) Foliicolous lichenized fungi. Flora Neotropica Monograph 103: 1866.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. (2009) The taxonomy of the genus Graphis sensu Staiger (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae). Lichenologist 41: 319362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lücking, R. & Kalb, K. (2000) Foliikole Flechten aus Brasilien (vornehmlich Amazonien), inklusive einer Checkliste und Bemerkungen zu Coenogonium und Dimerella (Gyalectaceae). Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 122: 161.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. & Vězda, A. (1998) Taxonomic studies in foliicolous species of the genus Porina (lichenized Ascomycotina: Trichotheliaceae)—II. The Porina epiphylla group. Willdenowia 28: 181225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lücking, R., Lumbsch, H. T. & Elix, J. A. (1994) Chemistry, anatomy and morphology of foliicolous species of the genera Fellhanera and Badimia (lichenized Ascomycotina: Lecanorales). Botanica Acta 107: 393401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mateus, N., Aguirre, J. & Lücking, R. (2012) Contributions to the foliicolous lichen biota of Chocó (Colombia). Caldasia 34: 2532.Google Scholar
Orange, A., James, P. W. & White, F. J. (2001) Microchemical Methods for the Identification of Lichens. London: British Lichen Society.Google Scholar
Santesson, R. (1952) Foliicolous lichens I. A revision of the taxonomy of the obligately foliicolous, lichenized fungi. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 12: 1590.Google Scholar
Santesson, R. & Lücking, R. (1999) Additions to the foliicolous lichen flora of the Ivory Coast and Guinea (Tropical West Africa). Nordic Journal of Botany 19: 719734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1978) Contribution à l'étude des lichens du Kivu (Zaire), du Rwanda et du Burundi. II. Espèces nouvelles de lichens foliicoles. Lejeunia 90: 118.Google Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1979 a) Contribution to the study of lichens from Kivu (Zaire), Rwanda and Burundi III. Vezdaea, a new genus for Africa. Mycotaxon 8: 135139.Google Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1979 b) Two foliicolous lichens from tropical Africa. Lichenologist 11: 181185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1979 c) Contribution à l'étude des lichens du Kivu (Zaïre), du Rwanda et du Burundi IV. Le genre Stereocaulon . Revue Bryologique et Lichénologique 45: 143.Google Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1981) Contribution à l'étude des lichens du Kivu (Zaïre), du Rwanda et du Burundi VI. Les genres Coccocarpia Pers. et Lobaria (Schreb.) Hoffm. Cryptogamie, Bryologie-Lichénologie 2: 461469.Google Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1984 a) Contribution to the study of lichens from Kivu (Zaïre), Rwanda and Burundi. VIII. New and interesting species of parmeliaceous lichens. Bryologist 87: 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1984 b) New species or interesting records of foliicolous lichens. Mycotaxon 20: 283306.Google Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1985) Goniocysts, goniocystangia and Opegrapha lambinonii and related species. Lichenologist 17: 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1992) Reinstatement of the lichenized genus Eremothecella Sydow. Systema Ascomycetum 11: 3947.Google Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. (1998) Further observations on the lichen genus Strigula in New Zealand. Bryologist 101: 147152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sérusiaux, E. & Lambinon, J. (1994) Bacidia clauzadei sp. nov., une espèce nouvelle de lichen foliicole produisant des cils conidiogènes. Bulletin de la Société linnéenne de Provence 45: 349353.Google Scholar
Sérusiaux, E., Coppins, B. J. & Lücking, R. (2007) Phylloblastia inexpectata (Verrucariaceae), a new species of foliicolous lichen from Western Europe and Madeira. Lichenologist 39: 103108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vězda, A. (1978) Pleurotrema epiphylla Vězda sp. n., eine neue foliikole Flechte aus Zentral-Afrika. Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 13: 912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vězda, A. (1979) Flechtensystematische Studien XI. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Familie Asterothyriaceae (Discolichenes). Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 14: 4394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vězda, A. (1980) Foliicole Flechten aus Zaire. Die Arten der Sammelgattungen Catillaria und Bacidia . Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 15: 7594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vězda, A. (1982) Foliicole Flechten aus Zaire (II). Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Pocsia . Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 17: 387392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vězda, A. (1986) Neue Gattungen der Familie Lecideaceae s. lat. (Lichenes). Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 21: 199219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vězda, A. (1987) Foliicole Flechten aus Zaire (III). Die Gattung Byssoloma Trevisan. Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 22: 7183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vězda, A. (1994) Neue foliicole Flechten II. Nova Hedwigia 58: 123143.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 26
Total number of PDF views: 58 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 10th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The foliicolous lichen biota of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the description of six new species
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The foliicolous lichen biota of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the description of six new species
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The foliicolous lichen biota of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the description of six new species
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *