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The Fezzan Project 2000: Preliminary report on the fourth season of work

  • David J. Mattingly (a1), Mohammed al-Mashai (a2), Phil Balcombe (a1), Tertia Barnett (a3), Nick Brooks (a4), Franca Cole (a5), John Dore (a6), Nick Drake (a7), David Edwards (a1), John Hawthorne (a6), Richard Helm (a8), Anna Leone (a1), Sue McLaren (a9), Ruth Peiling (a10), James Preston (a11), Tim Reynolds (a12), Andrew Townsend (a8), Andrew I. Wilson (a13) and Kevin White (a4)...

Abstract

The fourth season of the Fezzan Project continued the interdisciplinary approaches of previous seasons. Geographical and environmental work focused principally in sampling sediments for scientific dating and with integrating ground observation with remote sensing data. Excavations continued at Old Germa, where the site has now reached Garamantian levels. In a separate development, the tentative identification has been made of an early mosque at the site, in an area adjacent to the G1 excavation trench. Substantial results were gained from work aimed at enhancing the important data recorded by Charles Daniels in his earlier excavations and survey in the Wadi al-Hayat. The enhancement of the Daniels' survey archive was integrated with completion of the wider prospection being undertaken by the new project. This survey included fieldwalking, standing building survey, analysis of the foggara irrigation systems and recording of rock art scenes. Finds work comprised the finalisation of a pottery type series for the Germa area, the study of small finds from the recent survey work, botanical analysis and completion of lithics recording. A programme of radiocarbon dating is now being undertaken to improve the phasing of sites and monuments. The first two volumes of final reports are now in preparation.

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References

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