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DMP IX: Summary Report on the Fourth Season of Excavations of the Burials and Identity team

  • David Mattingly (a1), Hafed Abduli (a2), Hamza Aburgheba (a3), Muftah Ahmed (a1) (a3), Misbah Ali Ahmed Esmaia (a3), Steve Baker (a1), Franca Cole (a4), Corisande Fenwick (a5), Mireya Gonzalez Rodriguez (a1), Matthew Hobson (a1), Nadia Khalaf (a6), Marta Lahr (a4), Victoria Leitch (a7), Farès Moussa (a8), Efthymia Nikita (a4), David Parker (a1), Anita Radini (a1), Nick Ray (a1), Toby Savage (a1), Martin Sterry (a1) and Katia Schörle (a7)...

Abstract

The fourth season of the Burials and Identity component of the Desert Migrations Project in 2010 focused on completion of excavation work at two main cemeteries (TAG001 and TAG012) and smaller-scale sampling work at a number of nearby cemeteries. The investigation of a number of burials in a semi-nucleated escarpment cemetery TAG063 produced interesting new information on Proto-Urban Garamantian funerary rites, dating to the latter centuries BC. The excavations at TAG001 were extended to two areas of the cemetery characterised by different burial types to the stepped tombs that were excavated in 2009. A second type of fairly monumental burial was identified, but these had been heavily robbed and it was not possible to demonstrate conclusively that these pre-dated the stepped tombs. Most of the other burials excavated were simple shaft burials and were relatively sparsely furnished with imported goods, in comparison with the larger tombs, though quite a lot of organic material was identified (matting, wood, gourds, textiles and leather). At TAG012, a series of additional mudbrick tombs was emptied. All had been robbed, but pockets of the original fill and associated finds survived intact, yielding some interesting assemblages. The majority of these tombs appear to be Late Garamantian, though some contained artefacts from much earlier times.

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References

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Buikstra, J.E. and Ubelaker, D.H. 1994. Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains. Arkansas Archaeological Survey Report Number 44. Fayetteville, Arkansas.
Mattingly, D.J. 2003 = Mattingly, D.J., Daniels, C.M., Dore, J.N., Edwards, D. and Hawthorne, J., The Archaeology of Fazzān, Volume 1, Synthesis. (princ. ed. Mattingly, D.J.). Department of Antiquities, Tripoli and Society for Libyan Studies, London.
Mattingly, D.J. 2007 = Mattingly, D.J., Daniels, C. M., Dore, J.N., Edwards, D. and Hawthorne, J., The Archaeology of Fazzān. Volume 2, Gazetteer, Pottery and Other Finds. Department of Antiquities, Tripoli and Society for Libyan Studies, London.
Mattingly, D.J. 2010 = Mattingly, D.J., Daniels, C.M., Dore, J.N., Edwards, D. and Hawthorne, J., The Archaeology of Fazzān. Volume 3, Excavations of C. M. Daniels. Department of Antiquities, Tripoli and Society for Libyan Studies, London.
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Mattingly, D.J., Dore, J. and Lahr, M. (with contributions by others). 2008. DMP II: 2008 fieldwork on burials and identity in the Wādī al-Ajāl. Libyan Studies 39: 223–62.
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DMP IX: Summary Report on the Fourth Season of Excavations of the Burials and Identity team

  • David Mattingly (a1), Hafed Abduli (a2), Hamza Aburgheba (a3), Muftah Ahmed (a1) (a3), Misbah Ali Ahmed Esmaia (a3), Steve Baker (a1), Franca Cole (a4), Corisande Fenwick (a5), Mireya Gonzalez Rodriguez (a1), Matthew Hobson (a1), Nadia Khalaf (a6), Marta Lahr (a4), Victoria Leitch (a7), Farès Moussa (a8), Efthymia Nikita (a4), David Parker (a1), Anita Radini (a1), Nick Ray (a1), Toby Savage (a1), Martin Sterry (a1) and Katia Schörle (a7)...

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