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Stability of gas discharge channels for final beam transport

  • A. TAUSCHWITZ (a1), R. BIRKNER (a1), R. KNOBLOCH (a1), S. NEFF (a1), C. NIEMANN (a1), D. PENACHE (a1), R. PRESURA (a1) (a2), D. PONCE (a3) and S. YU (a3)...

Abstract

Discharge plasma channels have been investigated in recent years at Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung–Darmstadt (GSI) and at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, in a number of experiments. A short summary of the experimental work at Berkeley and GSI is given. Different initiation mechanisms for gas discharges of up to 60 kA were studied and compared. In the Berkeley experiments, laser ionization of organic vapors in a buffer gas was used to initiate and direct the discharge while at GSI, laser gas heating and ion-beam-induced gas ionization were tested as initiation mechanisms. These three initiation techniques are compared and the stability of the resulting discharge channels is discussed. A discharge current of 50 kA, a channel diameter well below 1 cm, a pointing stability better than 200 μm, and MHD stability of more than 10 μs have been demonstrated simultaneously in the recent experiments. These parameters are sufficient or close to the requirements of a reactor application depending on the details of the target design. The experimental results show that transport channels work with sufficient stability, reproducibility, and ion optical properties for a wide pressure range of discharge gases and pressures.

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Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Andreas Tauschwitz, GSI, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany. E-mail: A.Tauschwitz@gsi.de

Keywords

Stability of gas discharge channels for final beam transport

  • A. TAUSCHWITZ (a1), R. BIRKNER (a1), R. KNOBLOCH (a1), S. NEFF (a1), C. NIEMANN (a1), D. PENACHE (a1), R. PRESURA (a1) (a2), D. PONCE (a3) and S. YU (a3)...

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