Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Recent advances in compact repetitive high-power Marx generators

  • Falun Song (a1), Fei Li (a1), Beizhen Zhang (a1), Mingdong Zhu (a1) (a2), Chunxia Li (a1), Ganping Wang (a1), Haitao Gong (a1), Yanqing Gan (a1) and Xiao Jin (a1)...

Abstract

This paper introduces recent activities on Marx-based compact repetitive pulsed power generators at the Institute of Applied Electronics (IAE), China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), over the period 2010–2018. A characteristic feature of the generators described is the use of a simplified bipolar charged Marx circuit, in which the normal isolation resistors or inductors to ground are removed to make the circuit simpler. Several pulse-forming modules developed to generate a 100 ns square wave output are introduced, including thin-film dielectric lines of different structures, a pulse-forming line based on a Printed Circuit Board, and non-uniform pulse-forming networks. A compact repetitive three-electrode spark gap switch with low-jitter, high-voltage, and high-current was developed and is used in the generators. A positive and negative series resonant constant current power supply with high precision and high power is introduced. As an important part of the repetitive pulse power generator, a lower jitter pulse trigger source is introduced. Several typical high-power repetitive pulsed power generators developed at IAE are introduced including a 30 GW low-impedance Marx generator, a compact square-wave pulse generator based on Kapton-film dielectric Blumlein line, a 20 GW high pulse-energy repetitive PFN-Marx generator, and a coaxial Marx generator based on ceramic capacitors. The research of key technologies and their development status are discussed, which can provide a reference for the future development and application of miniaturization of compact and repetitive Marx generators.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Falun Song, Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China. E-mail: songfalun@caep.cn

References

Hide All
Cao, SY, Tan, J, Fan, ZK, Hu, KS, Wu, Y and Hou, XQ (2006) Experimental study on helical Blumlein line. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 18, 10461048.
Deng, JJ, Shi, JS, Xie, WP, Zhang, LW, Feng, SP, Li, J, Wang, M, Xia, LS, Dai, ZY, Li, HT, Li, Q, Wen, L, Chen, SF, Li, X, Huang, ZP, Lai, QG, Zhang, KZ, Xia, MH, Guan, YC, Song, SY, Chen, L, Ji, C, Zhou, LJ, He, A, Zou, WK, Huang, XB, Zhou, ST, Zhang, ZH, Zhang, SQ, Ren, XB, Wei, B, Tian, Q, Yang, AM, Li, H, Xie, M, Liu, JF, Ma, CG, Ma, X, Wang, W, Wang, GJ, Yang, LB, Gu, YC, He, Y, Li, CG, Zhou, YW, Zhang, ZJ, Dai, GS, Wang, HC, Chen, NA, Liu, CJ, Sun, CW, Xu, Z, Meng, FB and Ma, HG (2015) Overview of pulsed power research at CAEP. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Sciences 43, 27602765.
Deng, JJ, Xie, WP, Feng, SP, Wang, M, Li, HT, Song, SY, Xia, MH, Ji, C, He, A, Tian, Q, Gu, YC, Guan, YC, Wei, B, Huang, XB, Ren, XD, Dan, JK, Li, J, Zhou, ST, Cai, HC, Zhang, SQ, Wang, KL, Xu, Q, Wang, YJ, Zhang, ZH, Wang, GL, Guo, S, He, Y, Zhou, YW, Zhang, ZJ, Yang, LB and Zou, WK (2016) From concept to reality — a review to the primary test stand and its preliminary application in high energy density physics. Matter and Radiation at Extreme 1, 4858.
Ding, N, Zhang, Y, Xiao, DL, Wu, JM, Dai, ZH, Yin, L, Gao, ZM, Sun, SK, Xue, C, Ning, C, Shu, XJ and Wang, JG (2016) Theoretical and numerical research of wire array Z-pinch and dynamic hohlraum at IAPCM. Matter and Radiation at Extreme 1, 135152.
Gan, YQ, Song, FL, Zhuo, TT, Qin, F, Zhang, Y, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2012) Design and experiment of portable Blumlein line. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 24, 809812.
Gan, YQ, Song, FL, Zhuo, TT, Zhang, Y, Qin, F, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2013) A compact repetitive Marx generator with fast risetime. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 25(S0), 164168.
Gan, YQ, Song, FL, Lei, F, Luo, GY, Zhang, BZ, Wang, GP, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2018) Design and experimental research of high-power repetitive pulse charging power supply. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 30, 065003.
Gaudet, JA, Barker, RJ, Buchenauer, CJ, Christodoulou, C, Dickens, J, Gundersen, MA, Joshi, RP, Krompholz, HG, Kolb, JF, Kuthi, A, Laroussi, M, Neuber, A, Nunnally, W, Schamiloglu, E, Schoenbach, KH, Tyo, JS and Vidmar, RJ (2004) Research issues in developing compact pulsed power for high peak power applications on mobile platforms. Proceedings of the IEEE 92, 11441165.
Kim, AA, Kovalchuk, BM, Kokshenev, VA, Shishlov, AV, Ratakhin, NA, Oreshkin, VI, Rostov, VV, Koshelev, VI and Losev, VF (2016) Review of high-power pulsed systems at the Institute of High Current Electronics. Matter and Radiation at Extreme 1, 201206.
Korovin, SD, Rostov, VV, Polevin, SD, Pegel, IV, Schamiloglu, E, Fuks, MI and Barker, RJ (2004) Pulsed power-driven high-power microwave sources. Proceedings of IEEE 92, 10821095.
Lehr, J and Ron, P (2017) Foundations of Pulsed Power Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Li, XW, Chang, AB, Song, FL, Qin, F, Gan, YQ, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2013) Design and experimental investigation of folded parallel-plate pulse forming line based on PCB. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 25, 18261830.
Li, F, Song, FL, Gan, YQ, Jin, X and Zhu, MD (2017) Design and test on Marx trigger source with low output jitter. Journal of Terahertz Science and Electronic Information Technology 15, 323327.
Li, F, Song, FL, Zhu, MD, Jin, X, Gan, YQ and Gong, HT (2018) A compact high-voltage pulse forming module with hundreds of nanoseconds quasi-squared output pulse. Review of Scientific Instruments 89, 104706.
Mesyats, GA, Korovin, SD, Gunin, AV, Gubanov, VP, Stepchenko, AS, Grishin, DM, Landl, VF and Alekseenko, PI (2003) Repetitively pulsed high-current accelerators with transformer charging of forming lines. Laser and Particle Beams 21, 197209.
Mesyats, GA, Korovin, SD, Rostov, VV, Shpak, VG and Yalandin, MI (2004) The RADAN series of compact pulsed power generators and their application. Proceedings of IEEE 92, 11661179.
Ouyang, J, Liu, YG, Liu, JL, Wang, MX and Feng, JH (2008) Research on a folded Blumlein line using Kapton film as dielectrics. Plasma Science and Technology 10, 231234.
Pan, ZL, Yang, JH and Cheng, XB (2016) Research of the anti-resonance pulse forming network and its application in the Marx generator. Laser and Particle Beams 34, 675686.
Qin, F, Song, FL, Gan, YQ, Gong, HT, Zhuo, TT, Luo, GY and Jin, X (2012) Compact low-impedance Marx generator. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 24, 907911.
Quintenz, JP (2004) Overview of recent pulsed power advances at Sandia. International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams, Petersburg, Russia, pp. 2732.
Schamiloglu, E, Schoenbach, KH and Vidmar, RJ (2003) On the road to compact pulsed power: adventure in materials, electromagnetic modeling, and thermal management. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference. Dallas, TX, USA, pp. 38.
Smith, I, Champney, P, Hatch, L, Nielsen, K and Shope, S (1971) High current pulsed electron beam generator. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 18, 491492.
Song, FL, Qin, F, Zhuo, TT, Gan, YQ, Luo, GY, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2012) Design of layer-wound spiral strip dielectric film pulse forming line. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 24, 659–612.
Song, FL, Gan, YQ, Zhang, Y, Qin, F, Luo, GY, Wang, D, Chen, DB, Wen, J, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2013). Compact low-impedance Marx generator for high power microwave applications. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 25(S0), 177181.
Song, FL, Jin, X, Li, F, Luo, GY, Zhang, BZ, Wang, GP, Li, CX, Su, YB, Zhuo, HY, Jin, H, Gan, YQ and Gong, HT (2017 a) Progress on 20 GW compact repetitive Marx generator development. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 29, 020101.
Song, FL, Li, F, Qing, F, Gan, YQ, Luo, GY, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2017 b) Design and experimental investigation of compact pulsed power source based on Kapton-film dielectric line. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 29, 045004.
Song, FL, Li, F, Zhang, BZ, Gong, HT, Gan, YQ and Jin, X (2019) A compact low jitter high repetitive long-pulse relativistic electron beam source. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A 919, 5663.
Xiang, F, Tan, J, Zhang, YH, Wang, GP, Luo, M, Cao, SY, Kang, Q, Gong, SG, Luo, GY, Li, CX, Jin, H and Zhang, BZ (2010) Linear transformer driven long pulse high power generator with higher repetition rate. Acta Physica Sinica 59, 46204625.
Zhang, YH, Chang, AB, Xiang, F, Song, FL, Kang, Q, Luo, M, Li, MJ and Gong, SG (2007) Repetition rate of intense current electron-beam diodes using 20GW Pulsed source. Acta Physica Sinica 56, 57545757.
Zhang, JD, Ge, XJ, Zhang, J, He, JT, Fan, YW, Li, ZQ, Jin, ZX, Gao, L, Ling, JP and Qi, ZM (2016) Research progresses on Cherenkov and transit-time high-power microwave sources at NUDT. Matter and Radiation at Extreme 1, 163178.
Zhang, KY, Song, FL, Zhang, BZ, Zhang, Q, Gan, YQ, Gong, HT and Jin, X (2018) Breakdown jitter characteristics of small field distortion gas switch. High Power Laser and Particle Beams 30, 105003.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Recent advances in compact repetitive high-power Marx generators

  • Falun Song (a1), Fei Li (a1), Beizhen Zhang (a1), Mingdong Zhu (a1) (a2), Chunxia Li (a1), Ganping Wang (a1), Haitao Gong (a1), Yanqing Gan (a1) and Xiao Jin (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.