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Ion energy measurements from the interaction of atomic and molecular clusters with intense femtosecond laser pulses

  • E. SPRINGATE (a1), J.W.G TISCH (a1), N. HAY (a1), E.T. GUMBRELL (a1), M.H.R. HUTCHINSON (a1) and J.P. MARANGOS (a1)...


We have measured multi-keV protons and ∼100 keV iodine ions from the interaction of intense, femtosecond laser pulses with atomic Xe clusters and mixed-species HI clusters. The explosion dynamics of the HI clusters differs from the pure H and I cluster cases, with the iodine energies being substantially reduced. Mixed-species clusters provide a possible route for boosting the explosion energies of low-Z ions, and extend the advantages of the laser-cluster interaction to species that do not readily form pure clusters.


Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: E. Springate, FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics, Kruislaan 407, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands. E-mail:


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