The hydrodynamic response of metal targets to volume heating by energy deposition of intense heavy-ion beams was investigated experimentally. Recent improvements in beam parameters led to a marked increase in specific deposition power: 2·1010 40Ar18+ ions of 300 MeV/u focused to a spot size of 300 μm (σ) × 540 μm (σ) yield a specific deposition energy in solid lead of approximately 1 kJ/g in the Bragg peak, delivered within 250 ns [full width at half maximum (FWHM)]. This value allowed us for the first time to observe heavy-ion-beam-induced hydrodynamic expansion of metal volume targets. Measurements comprise expansion velocities of free surfaces of up to 290 ± 20 m/s, surface temperatures of ejected target matter of 1600–1750 K, and pressure waves in solid metal bulk targets of 0.16 GPa maximum absolute value and 0.8 μs FWHM. The experimental results agree well with the results of a 2D hydrodynamic code. Inside the interaction zone, which can only be accessed by simulation, maximum temperatures are 2800 K and maximum pressures are 3.8 GPa.