Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effect of pre-plasma on the ion acceleration by intense ultra-short laser pulses

  • Parvin Varmazyar (a1), Saeed Mirzanejhad (a1) and Taghi Mohsenpour (a1)

Abstract

In the interaction of short-laser pulses with a solid density target, pre-plasma can play a major role in ion acceleration processes. So far, complete analysis of pre-plasma effect on the ion acceleration by ultra-short laser pulses in the radiation pressure acceleration (RPA) regime has been unknown. Then the effect of pre-plasma on the ion acceleration efficiency is analyzed by numerical results of the particle-in-cell simulation in the RPA regime. It is shown that, for long-laser pulses (τp > 50 fs), the presence of pre-plasma makes a destructive effect on ion acceleration while it may have a contributing effect for short-laser pulses (τp < 50 fs). Therefore, the 35 fs (20 fs) laser pulse can accelerate ions up to 40 MeV (55 eV), which is almost two (three) times larger in energy rather than use of a 100 fs pulse with the same pre-plasma scale length.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Parvin Varmazyar, Department of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Faculty of Basic Science, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran E-mail: parvinvarmazyar@gmail.com, P.varmazyar@stu.umz.ac.ir

References

Hide All
Borghesi, M, Campbell, DH, Schiavi, A, Haines, MG, Willi, O, MacKinnon, AJ, Patel, P, Gizzi, LA, Galimberti, M, Clarke, RJ and Pegoraro, F (2002) Electric field detection in laser-plasma interaction experiments via the proton imaging technique. Physics of Plasmas 9, 22142220.
Borghesi, M, Fuchs, J, Bulanov, SV, Mackinnon, AJ, Patel, PK and Roth, M (2006) Fast ion generation by high-intensity laser irradiation of solid targets and applications. Fusion Science and Technology 49, 412439.
Borghesi, M, Schiavi, A, Campbell, DH, Haines, MG, Willi, O, MacKinnon, AJ, Gizzi, LA, Galimberti, M, Clarke, RJ and Ruhl, H (2001) Proton imaging: a diagnostic for inertial confinement fusion/fast ignitor studies. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 43, A267A276.
Braenzel, J, Andreev, AA, Platonov, K, Klingsporn, M, Ehrentraut, L, Sandner, W and Schnürer, M (2015) Coulomb-driven energy boost of heavy ions for laser-plasma acceleration. Physical Review Letters 114, 124801.
Bulanov, SS, Esarey, E, Schroeder, CB, Bulanov, SV, Esirkepov, TZ, Kando, M, Pegoraro, F and Leemans, WP (2016) Radiation pressure acceleration: the factors limiting maximum attainable ion energy. Physics of Plasmas 23, 056703.
Bulanov, SV, Esirkepov, TZ, Khoroshkov, VS, Kuznetsov, AV and Pegoraro, F (2002) Oncological hadrontherapy with laser ion accelerators. Physics Letters A299, 240247.
Daido, H, Nishiuchi, M and Pirozhkov, AS (2012) Review of laser-driven ion sources and their applications. Reports on Progress in Physics 75, 056401.
Dover, NP and Najmudin, Z (2012) Ion acceleration in the radiation pressure regime with ultrashort pulse lasers. High Energy Density Physics 8, 170174.
Fourkal, E, Velchev, I, Fan, J, Luo, W and Ma, CM (2007) Energy optimization procedure for treatment planning with laser-accelerated protons. Medical Physics 34, 577584.
Fuchs, J, Antici, P, d'Humières, E, Lefebvre, E, Borghesi, M, Brambrink, E, Cecchetti, CA, Kaluza, M, Malka, V, Manclossi, M and Meyroneinc, S (2006) Laser-driven proton scaling laws and new paths towards energy increase. Nature Physics 2, 4854.
Haberberger, D, Tochitsky, S, Fiuza, F, Gong, C, Fonseca, RA, Silva, LO, Mori, WB and Joshi, C (2012) Collisionless shocks in laser-produced plasma generate monoenergetic high-energy proton beams. Nature Physics 8, 9599.
Haines, MG, Wei, MS, Beg, FN and Stephens, RB (2009) Hot-electron temperature and laser-light absorption in fast ignition. Physical Review Letters 102, 045008.
Henig, A, Steinke, S, Schnürer, M, Sokollik, T, Hörlein, R, Kiefer, D, Jung, D, Schreiber, J, Hegelich, BM, Yan, XQ and Meyer-ter-Vehn, J (2009) Radiation-pressure acceleration of ion beams driven by circularly polarized laser pulses. Physical Review Letters 103, 245003.
Homoelle, D, Gaeta, AL, Yanovsky, V and Mourou, G (2002) Pulse contrast enhancement of high-energy pulses by use of a gas-filled hollow waveguide. Optics Letters 27, 16461648.
Itatani, J, Faure, J, Nantel, M, Mourou, G and Watanabe, S (1998) Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection. Optics Communications 148, 7074.
Kalashnikov, MP, Risse, E, Schönnagel, H and Sandner, W (2005) Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally. Optics Letters 30, 923925.
Lin, XX, Li, YT, Liu, BC, Liu, F, Du, F, Wang, SJ, Chen, LM, Zhang, L, Liu, X, Liu, XL and Wang, ZH (2012) Directional transport of fast electrons at the front target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses with preformed plasma. Laser and Particle Beams 30, 3943.
Liseykina, TV, Borghesi, M, Macchi, A and Tuveri, S (2008) Radiation pressure acceleration by ultraintense laser pulses. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 50, 124033.
Llor Aisa, E, Ribeyre, X, Gus' kov, S, Nicolaï, P and Tikhonchuk, VT (2015). Dense plasma heating and shock wave generation by a beam of fast electrons. Physics of Plasmas 22, 102704.
Lozhkarev, VV, Freidman, GI, Ginzburg, VN, Katin, EV, Khazanov, EA, Kirsanov, AV, Luchinin, GA, Mal'shakov, AN, Martyanov, MA, Palashov, OV and Poteomkin, AK (2006) 200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification. Optics Express 14, 446454.
Malka, V (2012) Laser plasma accelerators a. Physics of Plasmas 19, 055501.
Malka, V, Faure, J, Gauduel, YA, Lefebvre, E, Rousse, A and Phuoc, KT (2008) Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators. Nature Physics 4, 447453.
Malka, V, Fritzler, S, Lefebvre, E, d'Humières, E, Ferrand, R, Grillon, G, Albaret, C, Meyroneinc, S, Chambaret, JP, Antonetti, A and Hulin, D (2004) Practicability of proton therapy using compact laser systems. Medical Physics 31, 15871592.
Peebles, J, Wei, MS, Arefiev, AV, McGuffey, C, Stephens, RB, Theobald, W, Haberberger, D, Jarrott, LC, Link, A, Chen, H and McLean, HS (2017) Investigation of laser pulse length and pre-plasma scale length impact on hot electron generation on OMEGA-EP. New Journal of Physics 19, 023008.
Petrov, GM, McGuffey, C, Thomas, AGR, Krushelnick, K and Beg, FN (2016) Generation of heavy ion beams using femtosecond laser pulses in the target normal sheath acceleration and radiation pressure acceleration regimes. Physics of Plasmas 23, 063108.
Pisarczyk, T, Gus' kov, SY, Renner, O, Demchenko, NN, Kalinowska, Z, Chodukowski, T, Rosinski, M, Parys, P, Smid, M, Dostal, J and Badziak, J (2015) Pre-plasma effect on laser beam energy transfer to a dense target under conditions relevant to shock ignition. Laser and Particle Beams 33, 221236.
Roth, M, Cowan, TE, Key, MH, Hatchett, SP, Brown, C, Fountain, W, Johnson, J, Pennington, DM, Snavely, RA, Wilks, SC and Yasuike, K (2001) Fast ignition by intense laser-accelerated proton beams. Physical Review Letters 86, 436.
Rus, B, Bakule, P, Kramer, D, Naylon, J, Thoma, J, Green, JT, Antipenkov, R, Fibrich, M, Novák, J, Batysta, F and Mazanec, T (2015). ELI-Beamlines: development of next generation short-pulse laser systems. Proceedings of SPIE 9515, 95150F.
Shulyapov, SAE, Mordvintsev, IM, Ivanov, KAE, Volkov, PV, Zarubin, PI, Ambrožová, I, Turek, K and Savel'ev, AB (2016) Acceleration of multiply charged ions by a high-contrast femtosecond laser pulse of relativistic intensity from the front surface of a solid target. Quantum Electronics 46, 432436.
Tajima, T and Mourou, G (2002) Zettawatt–exawatt lasers and their applications in ultrastrong-field physics. Physical Review Special Topics – Accelerators and Beams 5, 031301.
Thaury, C, Quéré, F, Geindre, JP, Levy, A, Ceccotti, T, Monot, P, Bougeard, M, Réau, F, d'Oliveira, P, Audebert, P and Marjoribanks, R (2007) Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics. Nature Physics 3, 424429.
Wang, HY, Lin, C, Liu, B, Sheng, ZM, Lu, HY, Ma, WJ, Bin, JH, Schreiber, J, He, XT, Chen, JE and Zepf, M (2014) Laser-driven three-stage heavy-ion acceleration from relativistic laser–plasma interaction. Physical Review E 89, 013107.
Waxer, LJ, Maywar, DN, Kelly, JH, Kessler, TJ, Kruschwitz, BE, Loucks, SJ, McCrory, RL, Meyerhofer, DD, Morse, SFB, Stoeckl, C and Zuegel, JD (2005) High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser. Optics & Photonics News 16, 3036.
Wilks, SC, Langdon, AB, Cowan, TE, Roth, M, Singh, M, Hatchett, S, Key, MH, Pennington, D, MacKinnon, A and Snavely, RA (2001) Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laser–solid interactions. Physics of Plasmas 8, 542549.
Yang, X, Xu, ZZ, Leng, YX, Lu, HH, Lin, LH, Zhang, ZQ, Li, RX, Zhang, WQ, Yin, DJ and Tang, B (2002) Multi-terawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification. Optics Letters 27, 11351137.
Yang, XH, Ma, YY, Xu, H, Shao, FQ, Yu, MY, Yin, Y, Zhuo, HB and Borghesi, M (2013) Generation of hemispherical fast electron waves in the presence of preplasma in ultraintense laser–matter interaction. Laser and Particle Beams 31, 379386.
Zhang, H, Shen, BF, Wang, WP, Xu, Y, Liu, YQ, Liang, XY, Leng, YX, Li, RX, Yan, XQ, Chen, JE and Xu, ZZ (2015) Collisionless shocks driven by 800 nm laser pulses generate high-energy carbon ions. Physics of Plasmas 22, 013113.
Zheng, FL, Wu, SZ, Zhang, H, Huang, TW, Yu, MY, Zhou, CT and He, XT (2013) Preplasma effects on the generation of high-energy protons in ultraintense laser interaction with foil targets. Physics of Plasmas 20, 123105.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed