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Diagnostic potential of advanced X-ray spectroscopy for investigation of hot dense plasmas

  • O. RENNER (a1) (a2), I. USCHMANN (a2) and E. FÖRSTER (a2)


Modern experimental methods and instruments for X-ray spectral investigation of hot dense plasma provide complex information on environmental conditions in extreme states of matter. The basic spectroscopic conceptions for K-shell plasma diagnosis are outlined, the main characteristics of toroidally bent crystal spectrometers and vertical-dispersion instruments are briefly reviewed. Selected applications (monitoring and optimization of the emission from the femtosecond-laser-produced plasmas, characterization of colliding laser-exploded foils, spectral line merging, and continuum lowering in constrained-flow plasmas) demonstrate the usefulness of advanced spectroscopic methods for plasma diagnostics and fundamental research.


Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: O. Renner, Institute of Optics and Quantum Electronics, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena, Germany. E-mail:


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