Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-gvh9x Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-25T01:32:55.807Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Transverse electromagnetic Hermite–Gaussian mode-driven direct laser acceleration of electron under the influence of axial magnetic field

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 April 2018

Harjit Singh Ghotra
Department of Physics, Lovely Professional University, G. T. Road, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India
Dino Jaroszynski
Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, Scotland, UK
Bernhard Ersfeld
Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, Scotland, UK
Nareshpal Singh Saini
Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005, Punjab, India
Samuel Yoffe
Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, Scotland, UK
Niti Kant*
Department of Physics, Lovely Professional University, G. T. Road, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India
Author for correspondence: Niti Kant, Department of Physics, Lovely Professional University, G. T. Road, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India, E-mail:


Hermite–Gaussian (HG) laser beam with transverse electromagnetic (TEM) mode indices (m, n) of distinct values (0, 1), (0, 2), (0, 3), and (0, 4) has been analyzed theoretically for direct laser acceleration (DLA) of electron under the influence of an externally applied axial magnetic field. The propagation characteristics of a TEM HG beam in vacuum control the dynamics of electron during laser–electron interaction. The applied magnetic field strengthens the $\vec v \times \vec B$ force component of the fields acting on electron for the occurrence of strong betatron resonance. An axially confined enhanced acceleration is observed due to axial magnetic field. The electron energy gain is sensitive not only to mode indices of TEM HG laser beam but also to applied magnetic field. Higher energy gain in GeV range is seen with higher mode indices in the presence of applied magnetic field. The obtained results with distinct TEM modes would be helpful in the development of better table top accelerators of diverse needs.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2018 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Akou, H and Hamedi, M (2015) High energy micro electron beam generation using chirped laser pulse in the presence of an axial magnetic field. Physics of Plasmas 22, 103120.Google Scholar
Albert, F, Lemos, N, Shaw, JL, Pollock, BB, Goyon, C, Schumaker, W, Saunders, AM, Marsh, KA, Pak, A, Ralph, JE, Martins, JL, Amorim, LD, Falcone, RW, Glenzer, SH, Moody, JD and Joshi, C (2017) Observation of betatron X-ray radiation in a self-modulated laser wake field accelerator driven with picosecond laser pulses. Physical Review Letters 118, 134801(1–5).Google Scholar
Dabu, R (2017) High power, high contrast hybrid femtosecond laser systems. AIP Conference Proceedings 1852, 070001(1–9).Google Scholar
Dai, L, Li, JX, Zang, WP and Tian, JG (2011) Vacuum electron acceleration driven by a tightly focused radially polarized Gaussian beam. Optics Express 19(10), 9303.Google Scholar
Flacco, A, Vieira, J, Lifschitz, A, Sylla, F, Kahaly, S, Veltcheva, M, Silva, LO and Malka, V (2015) Persistence of magnetic field driven by relativistic electrons in plasma. Nature Physics 11, 409413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fortin, PL, Piche, M and Varin, C (2010) Direct-field electron acceleration with ultrafast radially polarized laser beams: scaling laws and optimization. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 43, 025401.Google Scholar
Geddes, CGR, Toth, C, Tilborg, JV, Esarey, E, Schroeder, CB, Bruhwiler, D, Nieter, C, Cary, J and Leemans, WP (2004) High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding. Nature 431, 438441.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ghotra, HS and Kant, N (2015 a) Electron acceleration to GeV energy by a chirped laser pulse in vacuum in the presence of azimuthal magnetic field. Applied Physics B 120(1), 141147.Google Scholar
Ghotra, HS and Kant, N (2015 b) Electron acceleration by a chirped laser pulse in vacuum under influence of magnetic field. Optical Review 22(4), 539543.Google Scholar
Ghotra, HS and Kant, N (2016 a) Polarization effect of a Gaussian laser pulse on magnetic field influenced electron acceleration in vacuum. Optics Communications 365, 231236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ghotra, HS and Kant, N (2016 b) TEM modes influenced electron acceleration by Hermite–Gaussian laser beam in plasma. Laser and Particle Beams 34(3), 385393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ghotra, HS and Kant, N (2017) GeV electron acceleration by a Gaussian field laser with effects of beam width parameter in magnetized plasma. Optics Communications 383, 169176.Google Scholar
Gu, YJ, Yu, Q, Klimo, O, Esirkepov, TZ, Bulanov, SV, Weber, S and Korn, G (2016) Fast magnetic energy dissipation in relativistic plasma induced by high order laser modes. High Power Laser Science and Engineering 4, e19 (1–5).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gupta, DN and Ryu, CM (2005) Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of an obliquely incident magnetic field in vacuum. Physics of Plasmas 12, 053103(1–5).Google Scholar
Hartemann, FV, Fochs, SN, Sage, GPL, Luhmann, NC Jr, Woodworth, JG, Perry, MD, Chen, YJ and Kerman, AK (1995) Nonlinear ponderomotive scattering of relativistic electrons by an intense laser field at focus. Physical Review E 51, 48334843.Google Scholar
Joshi, C (2007) The development of laser- and beam-driven plasma accelerators as an experimental field. Physics of Plasmas 14, 055501.Google Scholar
Kawata, S, Kong, Q, Miyazaki, S, Miyauchi, K, Sonobe, R, Sakai, K, Nakajima, K, Masuda, S, Ho, YK, Miyanaga, N, Limpouch, J and Andreev, AA (2005) Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by the ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser. Laser and Particle Beams 23, 6167.Google Scholar
Leemans, WP, Nagler, B, Gonsalves, AJ, Toth, C, Nakamura, K, Geddes, CGR, Esarey, E, Schroeder, CB and Hooker, SM (2006) GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator. Nature Physics 2, 696699.Google Scholar
Liu, H, He, XT and Chen, SG (2004) Resonance acceleration of electrons in combined strong magnetic fields and intense laser fields. Physical Review E 69, 066409.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Malka, V, Faur, J, Gauduel, YA, Lefebvre, E, Rousse, A and Phuoc, KT (2008) Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators. Nature Physics 4, 447.Google Scholar
Mohammed, J, Ghotra, HS, Kaur, R, Hafeez, HY and Kant, N (2017) Electron acceleration in Bubble Regime. AIP Conference Proceedings 1860, 020013(1–7).Google Scholar
Nakatsutsumi, M, Sentoku, Y, Korzhimanov, A, Chen, SN, Buffechoux, S, Kon, A, Atherton, B, Audebert, P, Geissel, M, Hurd, L, Kimmel, M, Rambo, P, Schollmeier, M, Schwarz, J, Starodubtsev, M, Gremillet, L, Kodama, R and Fuchs, J (2018) Self-generated surface magnetic fields inhibit laser driven sheath acceleration of high-energy protons. Nature Communications 9, 280.Google Scholar
Niu, HY, He, XT, Qiao, B and Zhou, CT (2008) Resonant acceleration of electrons by intense circularly polarized Gaussian laser pulse. Laser and Particle Beams 26, 5159.Google Scholar
Robinson, APL, Arefiev, AV and Neely, D (2013) Generating “superponderomotive” electrons due to a non-wake-field interaction between a laser pulse and a longitudinal electric field. Physical Review Letters 111, 065002.Google Scholar
Saberi, H and Maraghechi, B (2015) Enhancement of electron energy during vacuum laser acceleration in an inhomogeneous magnetic field. Physics of Plasmas 22, 033115(1–5).Google Scholar
Salamin, YI (2017) Electron acceleration in vacuum by a linearly-polarized ultra-short tightly-focused THz pulse. Physics Letters A 381(18), 30103013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sharma, A and Tripathi, VK (2009) Ponderomotive acceleration of electrons by a laser pulse in magnetized plasma. Physics of Plasmas 16, 043103(1–5).Google Scholar
Spinka, TM and Haefner, C (2017) High-average-power ultrafast lasers. Optics & Photonics 10, 2633.Google Scholar
Sprangle, P, Esarey, E and Krall, J (1996) Laser driven electron acceleration in vacuum, plasma, and gases. Physics of Plasmas 3(5), 21832190.Google Scholar
Tajima, T and Dawson, JM (1979) Laser electron accelerator. Physical Review Letters 43, 267.Google Scholar
Umstadter, D (2003) Relativistic laser-plasma interactions. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 36, R151.Google Scholar
Wallin, E, Gonoskov, A, Harvey, C, Lundh, O and Marklund, M (2017) Ultra-intense laser pulses in near-critical underdense plasmas-radiation reaction and energy partitioning. Journal of Plasma Physics 83, 905830208(1–13).Google Scholar
Xiao, KD, Huang, TW, Ju, LB, Li, R, Yang, SI, Yang, YC, Wu, SZ, Zhang, H, Qiao, B, Ruan, SC, Zhou, CT and He, XT (2016) Energetic electron-bunch generation in a phase-locked longitudinal laser electric field. Physical Review E 93, 043207.Google Scholar