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The SPARC/X SASE-FEL Projects

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 July 2004

D. ALESINI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
S. BERTOLUCCI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M.E. BIAGINI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
R. BONI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. BOSCOLO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. CASTELLANO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. CLOZZA
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
G.. DI PIRRO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. DRAGO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. ESPOSITO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. FERRARIO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
V. FUSCO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. GALLO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. GHIGO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
S. GUIDUCCI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. INCURVATI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
C. LIGI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
F. MARCELLINI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. MIGLIORATI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
C. MILARDI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. MOSTACCI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
L. PALUMBO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
L. PELLEGRINO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. PREGER
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
P. RAIMONDI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
R. RICCI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
C. SANELLI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. SERIO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
F. SGAMMA
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
B. SPATARO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. STECCHI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. STELLA
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
F. TAZZIOLI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
C. VACCAREZZA
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. VESCOVI
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
C. VICARIO
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. ZOBOV
Affiliation:
INFN-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
F. ALESSANDRIA
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
A. BACCI
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
I. BOSCOLO
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
F. BROGGI
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
S. CIALDI
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
C. DE MARTINIS
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
D. GIOVE
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
C. MAROLI
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
V. PETRILLO
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
M. ROMÈ
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
L. SERAFINI
Affiliation:
INFN-Milano, Italy
P. MUSUMECI
Affiliation:
INFN-Roma1, Roma, Italy
M. MATTIOLI
Affiliation:
INFN-Roma1, Roma, Italy
L. CATANI
Affiliation:
INFN-Roma2, Roma, Italy
E. CHIADRONI
Affiliation:
INFN-Roma2, Roma, Italy
S. TAZZARI
Affiliation:
INFN-Roma2, Roma, Italy
F. CIOCCI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
G. DATTOLI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. DORIA
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
F. FLORA
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
G.P. GALLERANO
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
L. GIANNESSI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
E. GIOVENALE
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
G. MESSINA
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
L. MEZI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
P.L. OTTAVIANI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
L. PICARDI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
M. QUATTROMINI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. RENIERI
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
C. RONSIVALLE
Affiliation:
ENEA-Frascati, Frascati (RM), Italy
A. CIANCHI
Affiliation:
Università Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
C. SCHAERF
Affiliation:
Università Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
J.B. ROSENZWEIG
Affiliation:
UCLA, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, California

Abstract

SPARC and SPARX are two different initiatives toward an Italian Free Electron Laser (FEL) source operating in the Self Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) mode, in which several national research institutions are involved. SPARC is a high gain FEL project devoted to provide a source of visible and VUV radiation while exploiting the SASE mechanism. An advanced Photo-Injector system, emittance compensating RF-gun plus a 150 MeV Linac, will inject a high quality e-beam into the undulator to generate high brilliance FEL radiation in the visible region at the fundamental wavelength, (∼500 nm). The production of flat top drive laser beams, high peak current bunches, and emittance compensation scheme will be investigated together with the generation of higher harmonic radiation in the VUV region. SPARX is the direct evolution of such a high gain SASE FEL toward the 13.5 and 1.5 nm operating wavelengths, at 2.5 GeV. To get the required value for the bunch peak current, Ipeak ≈ 2.5 kA, the “hybrid” scheme, RF-compression stage plus magnetic chicane, is analyzed and compared with the more standard double stage of magnetic compression. The two options are reviewed considering the tolerance to the drive laser pulse phase jitter.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2004 Cambridge University Press

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References

Alesini, D. et al. (2003a). The SPARC Project: a High Brightness Electron Beam Source at LNF to Drive a SASE-FEL Experiment. Proc. PAC 2003, Portland Oregon.
Alesini, D. et al. (2003b). Nuclear Instruments and Methods A 507, 502506.
Alesini, D. & Vaccarezza, C. (2003). Note SPARC-BD-03/001.
Anderson, S., Rosenzweig, J.B., et al. (2001). Space charge effects in high brightness electron beam emittance measurements. Phys. Rev. Special Topics—Acc and beams 5, 014201.Google Scholar
Biagini, M. et al. (2003). Beam Dynamic Studies for the SPARC project. Proc. of PAC03, Portland, Oregon.
Biagini, M. et al. (2003). Start to End Simulations for the SPARX proposal. Proc. of PAC03, Portland, Oregon.
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Ferrario, M. et al. (2003). Recent Advances and Novel Ideas for High Brightness Electron Beam production based on Photo-Injectors. INFN Rep. LNF-03/06 (P).
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Schmerge, J.F. et al. (2002). Nuclear Instruments & Methods A 483, 301304.
Serafini, L. & Ferrario, M. (2001). AIP CP 581, 87.
Richard, F., Schneider, J.R., Trines, D. & Wagner, A. (2001). TESLA Design Technical Report.
Vicario, C. et al. (2002). The Laser of the SPARC photo-injector. Proc. of Joint ICFA Advanced Accelerator and Beam Dynamics WorkshopThe Physics and applications of High Brightness Electron Beams,” Chia Laguna, Sardinia, Italy.

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