Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5bf98f6d76-pcjlm Total loading time: 0.284 Render date: 2021-04-21T02:53:22.133Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Collective stopping power in laser driven fusion plasmas for block ignition

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 December 2009

B. Malekynia
Affiliation:
Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran-Poonak, Iran
H. Hora
Affiliation:
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
N. Azizi
Affiliation:
Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran-Poonak, Iran
M. Kouhi
Affiliation:
Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran-Poonak, Iran
M. Ghoranneviss
Affiliation:
Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran-Poonak, Iran
G.H. Miley
Affiliation:
Department of Nuclear, Plasma and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois
X.T. He
Affiliation:
Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing, China
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

In contrast to the usual laser fusion scheme with spherical irradiation and very high compression and ignition of fuel, the alternative scheme with side-on ignition of uncompressed solid density of fuel (Chu) may lead to a solution by using the now available picosecond laser pulses with higher than petawatt power. A necessary condition is to use clean laser pulses with better than 108 contrast ratio for suppression of relativistic self-focusing. When updating the analysis of Chu for fusion of deuterium-tritium and proton-11B, one problem is that the correct use of the stopping power of the alpha particles had to be solved. Discrepancies are evaluated in view of the stopping power at the low temperature range of the plasmas where the change of the emitted bremsstrahlung is involved.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Azizi, N., Hora, H., Miley, G.H., Malekynia, B., Ghoranneviss, M. & He, X.T. (2009). Threshold for laser driven block ignition for fusion energy. Laser Part. Beams 27, 201206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Badziak, J., Glowacz, S., Hora, H., Jablonski, S. & Wolowski, J. (2006). Studies on laser-driven generation of fast high-density plasma blocks for fast ignition. Laser Part. Beams 24, 249254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Badziak, J., Kozlov, A.A., Makowksi, J., Parys, P., Ryc, L., Wolowski, J., Woryna, E., Vankov., A.B. (1999). Investigation of ion streams emitted from plasma produced with a high-power picosecond laser. Laser Part. Beams 17, 323329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bagge, E. & Hora, H. (1974). Calculation of the reduced penetration depth of relativistic electrons in plasmas for nuclear fusion. Atomkernenergie 24, 143146.Google Scholar
Bobin, J.L. (1974). Nuclear fusion reactions in fronts propagating in solid DT. In Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena (Schwarz, H. & Hora, H., eds.). Vol. 4B, pp. 465494. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chu, M.S. (1972). Thermonuclear reaction waves at high densities. Phys. Fluids 15, 413422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deutsch, C. (1986) Inertial confinement fusion driven by intense ion beams. Ann. Phys. (Paris) 11, 111.Google Scholar
Deutsch, C. & Popoff, R. (2007). Low-velocity ion stopping in a dense and low-temperature plasma target. Nuc. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 577, 337342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gabor, D. (1933). Elektrostatische theorie des plasmas. Zeitschrift f. Phys. 84, 474508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gabor, D. (1952). Wave theory of plasmas. Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 213, 7286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gericke, D.O. (2002). Stopping power for strong beam-plasma coupling. Laser Part. Beams 20, 471474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ghoranneviss, M., Malekynia, B., Hora, H., Miley, G.H. & He, X. (2008). Inhibition factor reduces fast ignition threshold of laser fusion using nonlinear force driven block ignition. Laser Part. Beams 26, 105111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoffmann, D.H.H., Weyrich, K., Wahl, H., Gardes, D., Bimbot, R. & Fleurier, C. (1990). Energy losses of heavy ions in a plasma target. Phys. Rev. A 42, 23132317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoffmann, D.H.H., Bock, R., Faenov, A.Y., Funk, U., Geissel, M., Neuner, U., Pikuz, T.A., Rosmej, F., Roth, M., Suss, W., Tahir, N. & Tauschwitz, A. (2000). Plasma physics with intense laser and ion beams. Nuc. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 161, 918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H. (1981). Physics of Laser Driven Plasmas. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Hora, H. (2007). New aspects for fusion energy using inertial confinement. Laser Part. Beams 25, 3745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H., Azechi, H., Kitagawa, Y., Mima, K., Murakami, M., Nakai, S., Nishihara, K., Takabe, H., Yamanaka, C., Yamanaka, M., Yamanaka, T. (1998). Measured laser fusion gains reproduced by self-similar volume compression and volume ignition for NIF conditions. J. Plasma Phys. 60, 743760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H. (1983). Interpenetration burn for controlled inertial confinement fusion by nonlinear forces. Atomkernenergie 42, 710.Google Scholar
Hora, H. (2003). Skin-depth theory explaining anomalous picosecond-terawatt laser-plamsa interaction. Czech. J. Phys. 53, 199217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H. (2009). Laser Fusion with nonlinear force driven plasma blocks: Thresholds and dielectric effects. Laser Part. Beams 27, 207222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H. & Pfirsch, D. (1970). Laser energies necessary for inertial confinement nuclear fusion plasmas. Proceedings of the International Conference on Quantum Electronics, Kyoto, Japan.Google Scholar
Hora, H. & Pfirsch, D. (1972). Influence of fast ions losses in inertially confined nuclear fusion plasma. In Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena. (Schwarz, H.J. and Hora, H., Eds.). Volume 2, p. 515. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H. & Ray, P.S. (1978). Increased nuclear fusion yields of inertially confined DT plasma due to reheat. Zeitschrzftf. Naturforschung A 33, 890894.Google Scholar
Hora, H., Badziak, J., Read, M.N., Li, Y.-T., Liang, T.-J., Liu, H., Sheng, Z.-M., Zhang, J., Osman, F., Miley, G.H., Zhang, W., He, X., Peng, H., Glowacz, S., Jablonski, S., Wolowski, J., Skladanowski, Z., Jungwirth, K., Rohlena, K. & Ullschmied, J. (2007). Fast ignition by laser driven particle beams of very high intensity. Phys. Plasmas 14, 072701/1–072701/7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H., Badziak, J., Boody, F., Höpfl, R., Jungwirth, K., Kralikova, B., Krasa, J., Laska, L., Parys, P., Perina, P., Pfeifer, K. & Rohlena, J. (2002). Effects of picosecond and ns laser pulses for giant ion source. Opt. Commun. 207, 333338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H., Malekynia, B., Ghiranneviss, M., Miley, G.H & He, X.T. (2008). Twenty times lower ignition threshold for laser driven fusion using collective effects and the inhibition factor. Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 011101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H., Miley, G.H, Azizi, N., Malekynia, B., Ghoranneviss, M. & He, X.T. (2009 a). Nonlinear force driven plasma blocks igniting solid density hydrogen boron: Laser fusion energy without radioactivity. Laser Part. Beams 27, 491496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hora, H., Miley, G.H., Ghoranneviss, M., Malekynia, B. & Azizi, N. (2009 b). Laser-optical path to nuclear energy without radioactivity: Fusion of hydrogen-boron by nonlinear forced driven plasma blocks. Opt. Commun. 282, 41244126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kerns, J.R., Rogers, C.W. & Clark, J.G. (1972). Penetration of terawatt electron beam in polyethyens. Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 17, 692.Google Scholar
Kidder, R.E. (1974). Isochoric compression of plasma for nuclear fusion. Nuci. Fusion 14, 797803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirkpatrick, R.C. & Wheeler, , John, A. (1981). Volume ignition of laser compressed plasmas. Nucl. Fusion 21, 398403.Google Scholar
Malekynia, B., Hora, H., Ghoranneviss, M. & Miley, G.H. (2009). Collective alpha particle stopping for reduction of the threshold for laser fusion using nonlinear force driven plasma blocks. Laser Part. Beams 27, 233241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miley, G.H., Hora, H., Osman, F., Evans, P. & Toups, P. (2005). Single event laser fusion using ns MJ laser pulses. Laser Part. Beams 23, 453460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nardi, E., Maron, Y. & Hoffmann, D. (2007). Plasma diagnostics by means of the scattering of electrons and proton beams. Laser Part. Beams 25, 489495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nardi, E., Maron, Y. & Hoffmann, D.H.H. (2009). Dynamic screening and charge state of fast ions in plasma and solids. Laser Part. Beams 27, 355361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nuckolls, J.H. & Wood, L. (2002). Future of Inertial Fusion Energy. Preprint UCRL-JC-149860. Livermore, CA: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.Google Scholar
Ray, P.S. & Hora, H. (1977). On the thermalization of energetic charged particles in fusion plasma with quantum electrodynamic considerations. Zeitschrift f. Naturforschung 31A, 538543.Google Scholar
Ray, P.S. & Hora, H. (1976). On the range of alpha-particles in laser produced superdense fusion plasma. Nucl. Fusion 16, 535–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stepanek, J. (1981). Charged particle loss rates and ranges in plasma. In Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena (Schwarz, H., Hora, H., Lubin, M. & Yaakobi, B., eds.). Vol. 5, pp. 341351. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
Storm, E., Lindl, J.D., Campbell, E.M., Bernat, T.P., Coleman, I.W.Emmett, J.L., Hogan, W.J., Horst, Y.T., Krupke, W.F. & Lowdermilk, W.H. (1988). Progress in Laboratory High-gain ICF: Progress for the Future. LLNL Report 47312. Livermore, CA: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.Google Scholar
Zhang, P., He, J.T., Chen, D.B., Li, Z.H., Zhang, Y., Wong Lang, Li, Z.H., Feng, B.H., Zhang, D.X., Tang, X.W. & Zhang, J. (1998). X-ray emission from ultraintense-ultrashort laser irradiation. Phys. Rev. E 57, 37463752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhou, C.T., He, X.T. & Yu, M.Y. (2008). Laser-produced energetic transport in overdense plasmas by wire guiding. Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 14 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Collective stopping power in laser driven fusion plasmas for block ignition
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Collective stopping power in laser driven fusion plasmas for block ignition
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Collective stopping power in laser driven fusion plasmas for block ignition
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *