The diets of the acouchy Myoprocta exilis, agouti Dasyprocta leporina and paca Agouti paca, the three largest terrestrial rodents of French Guiana forests, were investigated from stomachs collected over several years. These species are primarily frugivores. The percentage of fruit in their diet decreased, and seasonal variation increased from the smallest species, the acouchy, to the largest, the paca (contents in dry mass: respectively, 98.5% ± 0.6%, 87.4% ± 3.5%, and 83.9% ± 7.6%). They differed from each other in the proportions of pulp and secondary foods (leaves, fibre, insects) consumed annually as well as seasonally. Dietary diversity in the acouchy was half that of the two other species. The seasonal variation in consumption of different fruit parts and of secondary foods by these species corresponded well with the fruit production in the forest, and was linked to their reproductive events. Overall, the diets of these three large rodents appeared intermediate between the small rodent species and the artiodactyls (peccaries and brocket deer) inhabiting the same areas, which also concords with their body mass and their place within the guild of terrestrial mammals.